Ashvaka, aka: Aśvaka; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ashvaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Aśvaka can be transliterated into English as Asvaka or Ashvaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Aśvaka (अश्वक) and Punarvasuka are two Bhikṣus mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVI).—Accordingly, “The two Bhikṣus Ma (Aśvaka) and Tsing (Punarvasuka), Fell into the evil destinies because of their laziness. Although they had seen the Buddha and heard his Dharma; They could not escape from punishment”.

Note: Aśvaka and Punarvasuka had five hundred disciples and were part of the much-disparaged group of Ṣaḍvargiyas. They lived at Kiṭāgiri, a village situated on the road from Benares to Śrāvastī. They indulged in various condemnable practices: they grew flowers, made bouquets and garlands of them and sent them to women and girls in the neighborhood to enter into relationships with them; they violated the precept forbidding meals at improper times; they used perfumes, were present at and participated in spectacles.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

Aśvaka (अश्वक) or Aśmaka the Sanskrit name for Assaka: one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of the Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—In the Aṅguttara Nikāya Assaka it is mentioned as one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of Jambudīpa. Assaka represents the Sanskrit Aśmaka (or Aśvaka) which has been mentioned by Asaṅga in his Sūtrālaṅkāra as a country in the basis of the Indus. Asaṅga’s Aśmaka seems, therefore, to be identical with the Kingdom of Assakenus of the Greek writers which lay to the east of the Saraswatī at a distance of about 25 miles from the sea on the Swat Valley. The Aśmakas are also mentioned by Pāṇini. They are placed in the north-west by the authors of the Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa and the Brihat-saṃhita. Bhaṭṭaswāmi, the commentator of Kauṭilya’s Arthaśāstra identifies Aśmaka, the contiguous territory of Avanti, with Mahārāṣṭra.

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aśvaka (अश्वक).—a. Horselike, acting like a horse.

-kaḥ 1 A small horse; horse.

2) A hack, a bad horse; ससत्य- श्वकः सुभद्रिकां काम्पीलवासिनीम् (sasatya- śvakaḥ subhadrikāṃ kāmpīlavāsinīm) Vāj.23.18.

3) A stray horse, one whose owner is not known.

4) A horse (in general).

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Asvaka (अस्वक).—a. Not one's own. belonging to another.

See also (synonyms): asvakīya, asvika.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aśvaka (अश्वक).—m., (1) (= Pali assaka) toy-horse: °kāḥ Jm 63.10; (2) n. of one of the Ṣaḍvārgika (q.v.) monks, Mvy 9475; = Pali Assaji, one of the chabbaggiya monks; with Punarvasuka disciplined for immoral conduct, MSV iii.15.21 ff.; compare Aśvaki(n) = Aśvajit as one of the bhadravargīya monks; Aśvaka was later incarnate as a nāga, MSV i.xviii.5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Aśvaka (अश्वक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Horse-like, acting like a horse, &c. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A bad horse, a hack. 2. A stray horse, one whose owner is not known. 3. Any horse. E. aśva and kan added in different senses.

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Asvaka (अस्वक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Not one’s own, belonging to another. E. a neg. svaka own.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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