Ashvajit, Asvajit, Ashva-jit, Aśvajit: 8 definitions


Ashvajit means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Aśvajit can be transliterated into English as Asvajit or Ashvajit, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Ashvajit in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Aśvajit (अश्वजित्).—Son of Jayadratha.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 49.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Aśvajit (अश्वजित्) (Pāli: Assaji) is the name of a Bhikṣu according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XVI). Accordingly, “The two Brahmacarin masters (Śāriputra and Maudgalyāyana), hearing that a Buddha had appeared in the world, went to Rājagṛha together to welcome the news. At this time, a Bhikṣu named A chouo che (Aśvajit), [one of the first five disciples], wearing his robes (cīvara) and carrying his begging bowl (pātra), entered the city to beg for his food”.

Note: This Bhikṣu is named Aśvajit (in Pāli, Assaji) in most of the Chinese and Pāli sources, whereas the Mahāvastu (III) calls him Upasena. He was one of the five Pañcavargīyabhikṣu, who were the first to embrace the Buddhadharma (Vinaya I).

Source: Bulletin of the French School of the Far East (volume 5)

Aśvajit (अश्वजित्) [?] is the name of a Goddess appointed as one of the Divine protector deities of Aśva, according to chapter 17 of the Candragarbha: the 55th section of the Mahāsaṃnipāta-sūtra, a large compilation of Sūtras (texts) in Mahāyāna Buddhism partly available in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese.—In the Candragarbhasūtra, the Bhagavat invites all classes of Gods and Deities to protect the Law [dharma?] and the faithful in their respective kingdoms of Jambudvīpa [e.g., the Goddesses Aśvajit in Aśva], resembling the time of the past Buddhas.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aśvajit (अश्वजित्).—a. gaining horses by conquest. Ṛgveda 2.21.1; पवस्व गोजिदश्वजित् (pavasva gojidaśvajit) Ṛgveda 9.59.1.

Aśvajit is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms aśva and jit (जित्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Aśvajit (अश्वजित्) or Aśvaki or Aśvakin.—q.v., in Mahāvastu only: Mahāvastu iii.328.20 (°kī, nom.); °kī also iii.139.5; °ki (m.c., nom.) 13; °kinā (instr.) 8; °kisya (gen.) iii.337.5; 339.1.

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Aśvajit (अश्वजित्).—(= Pali Assaji, one of the pañcavaggiyā bhikkhū; compare Aśvaki[n]), name of one of the five monks (see bhadravargīya, with variants): Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 1.10; Lalitavistara 1.7; Mahāvyutpatti 1037; Divyāvadāna 268.6; Sukhāvatīvyūha 2.3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aśvajit (अश्वजित्):—[=aśva-jit] [from aśva] mfn. gaining horses by conquest, [Ṛg-veda ii, 21, 1; ix, 59, 1; Atharva-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] m. (t) Name of a Buddhist Bhikṣu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ashvajit in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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