Shra, Śra, Śrā: 6 definitions

Introduction

Shra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śra and Śrā can be transliterated into English as Sra or Shra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Śrā.—(IE 8-1), abbreviation of Śrāvaṇa. Note: śrā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śra (श्र).—4 P. (śrāmyati, śrānta)

1) To exert oneself, take pains, toil, labour.

2) To perform austerities, mortify the body (by act of penance); कियच्चिरं श्राम्यसि गौरि (kiyacciraṃ śrāmyasi gauri) Ku.5.5.

3) To be wearied or fatigued, be exhausted; रतिश्रान्ता शेते रजनिरमणी गाढमुरसि (ratiśrāntā śete rajaniramaṇī gāḍhamurasi) K. P.1; Śi.14.38; Bk.14.11.

4) To be afflicted or distressed; यो वृन्दानि त्वरयति पथि श्राम्यतां प्रोषितानाम् (yo vṛndāni tvarayati pathi śrāmyatāṃ proṣitānām) Me.11. -Caus. (śra-śrā- mayati-te) To cause to be fatigued &c.

2) To overcome, conquer, subdue.

Derivable forms: śram (श्रम्).

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Śrā (श्रा).—2 P. (śrāti, śrāṇa or śrāta; -Caus. śrapayati-te)

1) To cook, boil, dress, mature, ripen.

2) To sweat or cause to sweat, heat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śrā (श्रा).—r. 2nd cl. (śrāti) 1. To boil, to cook, to mature, to ripen, &c. 2. To sweat. Causal from, (śrapayati te) To render mature or ripe by cooking, &c. (śrāpayati) To heat, to cause to sweat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śrā (श्रा).—[participle] śrāta & śṛta (q.v.), [Causative] śrapayati (te) roast, boil, cook i.[grammar] — Cf. āśṛta, praśta ([additions]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śrā (श्रा):—or śrai (cf.śrī) [class] 1. or [class] 4. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxii, 21]) śrāyati ([according to] to [xxiv, 45] also [class] 2. [Parasmaipada] śrāti; [perfect tense] śaśrau; [Aorist] aśrāsīt; Prec. śrāyāt or śreyāt [infinitive mood] śrātum [grammar]),

—to cook, boil, seethe, mature, ripen (only in [Dhātupāṭha]; [according to] to [Vopadeva] also ‘to sweat’) :—[Passive voice] śrāyate ([Aorist] aśrāyi) [grammar]:—[Causal] śrapayati, te ([Aorist] aśiśrapat; [Passive voice] śrapyate),

—to cause to cook or boil, roast, bake, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc. ;

—to make hot, heat, bake (earthenware), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Vaitāna-sūtra];

—to cause to sweat, [Vopadeva] ([for śrāpaya See p. 1098, col. 1]) :—[Desiderative] śiśrāsati [grammar]:—[Intensive] śāśrāyati, śāśrāti, śāśreti, [ib.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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