Atriguna, Atriguṇa: 1 definition

Introduction:

Atriguna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Samkhya (school of philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Prakrti and purusa in Samkhyakarika an analytical review

Atriguṇa (अत्रिगुण) refers to “not constituted of the three guṇas”.—Anything having parts is called saṃghāta in the Sāṃkhya literature. A saṃghāta, by nature, is triguṇātmaka, i.e., constituted of three guṇas: sattva, rajas and tamas. The three guṇas sattva, rajas and tamas are respectively of the nature of pleasure (sukha), pain (duḥkha) and indifference (moha). So, the element, which is able to realize pleasure, pain and indifference must be different from these three guṇas, and this element is puruṣa.

context information

Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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