Ashta, Asta, Astā, Aṣṭa, Aṣṭan, Ashtan: 29 definitions

Introduction:

Ashta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Aṣṭa and Aṣṭan can be transliterated into English as Asta or Ashta or Astan or Ashtan, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Asht.

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In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Asta (अस्त) refers to “sunset”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 3), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If, at rising, the sun should be crossed by the fall of an aerolite, or thunderbolt, or by lightning, the reigning prince will die and a foreign prince will succeed. If, for several days, there should appear a halo [i.e., pariveṣin] round the sun both at rising and setting or if the sun should, at such periods, be of blood color [i.e., raktosta], the reigning sovereign will be dethroned and a foreign prince will succeed.

2) Aṣṭa (अष्ट) refers to “eight” types of Ketus (i.e., luminous bodies such as comets and meteors), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11).—Accordingly, “The comets that resemble clusters of stars are named Gaṇakā Ketus; they are 8 [i.e., aṣṭa] in number and are the sons of Prajāpati. Those that are oblongular in shape, are 204 in number and are the sons of Brahmā. The comets that resemble clusters of bamboo canes and that are as bright as the moon are named Kaṅkā Ketus; they are the sons of Varuṇa and are 32 in number. When they appear mankind will suffer miseries”.

3) Asta (अस्त) or Astagiri refers to a mountain belonging to “Apara or Aparadeśa (western divisions)” classified under the constellations of Jyeṣṭhā, Mūla and Pūrvāṣāḍha, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Jyeṣṭhā, Mūla and Pūrvāṣāḍha represent the western divisions consisting of [i.e., Asta] [...]”.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Asta (अस्त).—The setting of a heavenly body. Note: Asta is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Ashta in the Marathi language is the name of a plant identified with Ficus rumphii Bl. from the Moraceae (Mulberry) family having the following synonyms: Ficus cordifolia, Ficus populnea. For the possible medicinal usage of ashta, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Ashta [आष्ट] in the Marathi language is the name of a plant identified with Thespesia populnea Thespesia populnea (L.) Sol. ex Corrêa from the Malvaceae (Mallow) family having the following synonyms: Hibiscus populneus, Abelmoschus acuminatus, Hibiscus blumei.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Aṣṭa (अष्ट) or Aṣṭavarṣā refers to a “maiden of eight years old”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.11.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated: “O Nārada, the daughter of the mountain, honoured in the three worlds, was brought up in the palace of Himācala. When she was eight years old [i.e., aṣṭa-varṣā], Śiva distressed by Śatī’s separation came to know of her birth. Keeping her wonderful memory within his heart He rejoiced much. In the meantime, following the conventions of the world, Śiva wished to perform penance in order to concentrate his mind properly. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Aṣṭa (अष्ट) or Aṣṭaśakti refers to the “eight (powers) (of the love-god Kāmadeva)” and is used to describe the Goddesses of the eight powers of Kāmadeva, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] I worship those compassionately-disposed goddesses of red-complexion, the eight powers of the bodiless [love-god Kāmadeva] (aṣṭaanaṅgaśaktīr aṣṭau tāḥ), who have arisen like shadows of the goddess [Nityā Sundarī] and are very difficult to conquer. I venerate those fourteen goddesses, with Sarvasaṃkṣobhaṇī at the fore, to whom [all] fourteen worlds bow. They carry a bow and arrows made of sugarcane. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Aṣṭan (अष्टन्) refers to the “eight (petals of a lotus)”, according to verse 4.497ff of the Brahmayāmala-tantra (or Picumata), an early 7th century Śaiva text consisting of twelve-thousand verses.—Accordingly, “[...] A series of nine lotuses is visualized situated at points in the body called granthis (knots or joints). These are located at the crown of the head, the forehead, throat, navel, knees, mouth, heart, genitals, and feet, following the order of their sequence in nyāsa. he eight-petalled lotuses (aṣṭan-patra) situated therein are loci for installation of the principal nine deities: Kapālīśabhairava, who is installed in the crown lotus, and two sets of four goddesses, the Devīs and the Dūtīs. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Aṣṭa.—cf. aṣṭa-bhoga, probably ‘all kinds of enjoyment’ (and not merely ‘eight’ kinds) ensuring tejaḥ-svāmya or owner- ship endowed with complete authority. Cf. aṣṭādaśa, etc. Note: aṣṭa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aṣṭa (अष्ट).—a (S) Eight.

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asta (अस्त).—m n (S) Setting (of a heavenly body). 2 Immersion or obscuration of a planet (as of Venus or Mercury, or of a comet). 3 fig. Ruin; fall into infamy or obscurity. 4 fig. Consumption or exhaustion: also emptiness, absence, lack.

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āṣṭa (आष्ट) [or आस, āsa].—m A tree, Hibiscus populneoides. 2 f The name of another tree.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aṣṭa (अष्ट).—a Eight.

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asta (अस्त).—m n Setting (of a heavenly body) Fig. Ruin. Consumption, lack.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṣṭan (अष्टन्).—num. a. [aśa-vyāptau kanin tuṭ ca Uṇ.1.154.] (nom., acc. aṣṭa-ṣṭau) Eight. It often occurs in comp. as अष्टा (aṣṭā) with numerals and some other nouns; as अष्टादशन्, अष्टाविंशतिः, अष्टापद (aṣṭādaśan, aṣṭāviṃśatiḥ, aṣṭāpada) &c. [cf. L. octo; Gr. okto; Zend astani Pers. hasht.].

 

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Asta (अस्त).—1. [neuter] home (also ka [neuter]); [accusative] [with] ī, gam, yā etc. go home, go down, set (of the sun); come to an end, die. As [masculine] the mountain behind which the sun and moon are supposed to set (cf. udaya), also = astamaya.

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Asta (अस्त).—2. [adjective] thrown, cast off (mostly °—).

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Astā (अस्ता).—[feminine] dart, bolt, arrow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Asta (अस्त):—(ka) astayati 10. a. To set, to be obscured, to be eclipsed.

2) (staḥ) 1. m. The western mountain. n. Death. a. Thrown; set.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṣṭan (अष्टन्):—(ṣṭā) a. Eight.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aṣṭan (अष्टन्):—aṣṭau ([Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda] etc.) or aṣṭā ([Ṛg-veda viii, 2, 41]) or aṣṭa ([Ṛg-veda x, 27, 15; Atharva-veda] etc.) [plural] eight (other forms are: [genitive case] aṣṭānām, [Manu-smṛti] etc.; [instrumental case] aṣṭabhis, [Ṛg-veda ii, 18, 4; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.; [locative case] aṣṭāsu, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa etc.]);

2) [Latin] octo; [Greek] ὀκτώ. [Gothic] ahtau; [modern] [German] acht; [English] eight; [Lithuanian] asztůni; [Slavonic or Slavonian] osmj.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Asta (अस्त).—[asyante sūryakiraṇā yatra as-ādhāre kta]

1) Setting, western mountain (behind which the Sun is supposed to set); यश्चैष विन्ध्यास्तमहेन्द्रकल्पो (yaścaiṣa vindhyāstamahendrakalpo)... अधिरोढुमस्तगि- रिमभ्यपतत् (adhiroḍhumastagi- rimabhyapatat) Śi.9.1; विडम्बयत्यस्तनिमग्नसूर्यम् (viḍambayatyastanimagnasūryam) R.16.11; यात्येक्रतोऽस्तशिखरं पतिरोषधीनाम् (yātyekrato'staśikharaṃ patiroṣadhīnām) Ś.4.2.

2) Sunset.

3) Setting in general; (fig.) fall, decline; see below.

4) Conjunction of a planet with the Sun; शुक्रास्त, बुधास्त (śukrāsta, budhāsta) &c.

-stam 1 Home, abode, residence (Ved.); तमग्निमस्ते वसवो न्यृण्वन् (tamagnimaste vasavo nyṛṇvan) Rv.7.1.2,1.34.1.

2) Death, end. आकाशं प्रत्यस्तं यन्ति (ākāśaṃ pratyastaṃ yanti) Ch. Up.1.9.1.

3) The seventh house (in astr.; lagnātsaptamaṃ sthānam).

-stam ind. At home, home; अस्तं गम्, -या-इ-प्राप् (astaṃ gam, -yā-i-prāp) (a) To set, decline in the western horizon; गतोऽस्तमर्कः (gato'stamarkaḥ) the Sun has set; (fig.) it is time to do the duties to be performed at sunset; e. g. for a cowherd to drive home his cattle, for a religious person to begin his prayers, for a thief to begin his nightly work &c.; कथमिहैव युवयोरस्तमितः सूर्यः (kathamihaiva yuvayorastamitaḥ sūryaḥ) V.3. and Sar. S. 1. (b) To cease, vanish, be removed, disappear, be at an end; विषयिणः कस्यापदोऽ स्तं गताः (viṣayiṇaḥ kasyāpado' staṃ gatāḥ) Pt. 1.146. धृतिरस्तमिता (dhṛtirastamitā) R.8.66; दण्डेनास्तमितत्विषा (daṇḍenāstamitatviṣā) Ku.2.23; अस्तिमितैषा कथा (astimitaiṣā kathā) K.156 at an end, over; 198,24. (c) to die; अथ चास्तमिता त्वमात्मना (atha cāstamitā tvamātmanā) R.8.51,12.11.

Derivable forms: astaḥ (अस्तः).

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Asta (अस्त).—p. p.

1) Thrown, cast, given up, left; असमये यत्त्वयास्तोऽभिमानः (asamaye yattvayāsto'bhimānaḥ) Ve.6.

2) Finished.

3) Despatched.

-stā Ved. A missile, an arrow.

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Astā (अस्ता).—ind. Ved. at hand, near.

See also (synonyms): astanike.

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Asta (अस्त).—&c, see under अस् (as).

See also (synonyms): astu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aṣṭa (अष्ट):—1. aṣṭa mfn. (√akṣ; cf. nir-√akṣ) ‘marked, branded’, only in [compound] with -karṇa

2) 2. aṣṭa [from] √1. . See a-samaṣṭa-k.

3) [from aṣṭan] 3 (in [compound] for aṣṭan).

4) Aṣṭā (अष्टा):—[from aṣṭan] (in [compound] for aṣṭan)

5) Aṣṭa (अष्ट):—[from aṣṭan] 4. aṣṭa aṣṭa or aṣṭā with the final a,ā blended in [compound]

6) Asta (अस्त):—1. asta mfn. (perf. [Passive voice] p. √2. as), thrown, cast, [Raghuvaṃśa xii, 91]

7) (an- [negative]), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa iii]

8) (only in [compound]) thrown off, left off, set aside, given up (as grief, anger, a vow, etc.), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

9) Astā (अस्ता):—[from asta] a f. a missile, an arrow, [Atharva-veda]

10) Asta (अस्त):—2. asta n. home, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

11) m. setting (as of the sun or of luminaries), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Sūryasiddhānta]

12) ‘end, death’ See asta-samaya below

13) the western mountain (behind which the sun is supposed to set), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

14) (in [astronomy]) the seventh lunar mansion, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka]

15) m. astam-√i, astaṃ-√gam (also [Causal] See astaṃ-gamita below), or √prāp ([Kathāsaritsāgara]), to go to one’s eternal home, cease, vanish, perish, die, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv; Mahābhārata] etc.

16) [astaṃ-√nī] ([-nayati]), to lead to setting, cause to set, [Mahābhārata iii, i 7330]

17) Astā (अस्ता):—[from asta] b ind. [varia lectio] for astam, [Sāma-veda]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṣṭan (अष्टन्).—[adjective] eight.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṣṭā (अष्टा).—a substitute of aṣṭan in the former part of many comp. words, especially before numerals, e. g. aṣṭā -daśan, Eighteen.

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Asta (अस्त).—[as + ta] 1., I. n. Home. Ii. m. 1. Sun-set, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 187; [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 5. The acc. sing. astam, combined like a prefix, with i, gam, yā, implies, To set, [Daśakumāracarita] 184, 1. 2. The western mountain, behind which the sun is supposed to set, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 37, 4. Iv. n. Death, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 13, 74; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 126.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṣṭan (अष्टन्).—i. e. aś + tan (cf. aśīti; the vb. is doubtful), card. num., adj. Eight, [Hiḍimbavadha] 2, 9.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Asta (अस्त).—Sautra root. 10th cl. (astayati) To obscure or eclipse.

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Asta (अस्त).—mfn.

(-staḥ-stā-staṃ) 1. Thrown, cast. 2. Sent, dispatched. 3. Set, obscured. 4. Removed, set aside. m.

(-staḥ) 1. The western mountain, behind which the sun is supposed to set. 2. Sun-set. n.

(-staṃ) Death, end. E. asta to obscure or eclipse, ac affix, or asa to throw, &c. and kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṣṭan (अष्टन्).—mfn. plu. only (aṣṭa or aṣṭau) Eight. E. asū to pervade, kanin Unadi affix, and tud inserted.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Aṣṭa (अष्ट).—ppp. of aśnoti (Vedic -aṣṭa in cpds.), obtained: Lalitavistara 390.9 (verse) aṣṭam arthaṃ. A word-play is clearly intended; see Aṣṭaṃga. (Calcutta (see LV.) reads iṣṭam, without support of any of Lefm.'s mss.)

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Aṣṭā (अष्टा) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Aṭṭhā, Attha, Atthā, Atthāa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ashta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Aṣṭa (अष्ट) [Also spelled asht]:—(a) eight; (nm) the number eight.

2) Asta (अस्त) [Also spelled ast]:—(a) set (as the sun); sunk; ~[prāya] almost set or sunk; dying; —[honā] to set or sink; to disappear or vanish.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aṣṭa (ಅಷ್ಟ):—[adjective] totalling one more than seven; eight.

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Aṣṭa (ಅಷ್ಟ):—[noun] the cardinal number eight; 8.

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Asta (ಅಸ್ತ):—

1) [adjective] thrown (away, up); cast away.

2) [adjective] sent; despatched.

3) [adjective] prevented; warded off.

4) [adjective] gone; passed; past; set (as the sun, moon or a star in the west).

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Asta (ಅಸ್ತ):—

1) [noun] the western mountain behind which the sun is believed to set in the evening.

2) [noun] the conclusion; the end; death.

3) [noun] the instance of suṇs setting in the west.

4) [noun] (astrol.) the seventh house in the zodiac table.

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Āsta (ಆಸ್ತ):—[noun] = ಆಸ್ತೆ [aste]1.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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