Ashta, Asta, Astā, Aṣṭa: 15 definitions



Ashta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Aṣṭa can be transliterated into English as Asta or Ashta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Asht.

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In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Asta (अस्त).—The setting of a heavenly body. Note: Asta is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Aṣṭa.—cf. aṣṭa-bhoga, probably ‘all kinds of enjoyment’ (and not merely ‘eight’ kinds) ensuring tejaḥ-svāmya or owner- ship endowed with complete authority. Cf. aṣṭādaśa, etc. Note: aṣṭa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aṣṭa (अष्ट).—a (S) Eight.

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asta (अस्त).—m n (S) Setting (of a heavenly body). 2 Immersion or obscuration of a planet (as of Venus or Mercury, or of a comet). 3 fig. Ruin; fall into infamy or obscurity. 4 fig. Consumption or exhaustion: also emptiness, absence, lack.

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āṣṭa (आष्ट) [or आस, āsa].—m A tree, Hibiscus populneoides. 2 f The name of another tree.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aṣṭa (अष्ट).—a Eight.

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asta (अस्त).—m n Setting (of a heavenly body) Fig. Ruin. Consumption, lack.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Asta (अस्त).—[asyante sūryakiraṇā yatra as-ādhāre kta]

1) Setting, western mountain (behind which the Sun is supposed to set); यश्चैष विन्ध्यास्तमहेन्द्रकल्पो (yaścaiṣa vindhyāstamahendrakalpo)... अधिरोढुमस्तगि- रिमभ्यपतत् (adhiroḍhumastagi- rimabhyapatat) Śi.9.1; विडम्बयत्यस्तनिमग्नसूर्यम् (viḍambayatyastanimagnasūryam) R.16.11; यात्येक्रतोऽस्तशिखरं पतिरोषधीनाम् (yātyekrato'staśikharaṃ patiroṣadhīnām) Ś.4.2.

2) Sunset.

3) Setting in general; (fig.) fall, decline; see below.

4) Conjunction of a planet with the Sun; शुक्रास्त, बुधास्त (śukrāsta, budhāsta) &c.

-stam 1 Home, abode, residence (Ved.); तमग्निमस्ते वसवो न्यृण्वन् (tamagnimaste vasavo nyṛṇvan) Rv.7.1.2,1.34.1.

2) Death, end. आकाशं प्रत्यस्तं यन्ति (ākāśaṃ pratyastaṃ yanti) Ch. Up.1.9.1.

3) The seventh house (in astr.; lagnātsaptamaṃ sthānam).

-stam ind. At home, home; अस्तं गम्, -या-इ-प्राप् (astaṃ gam, -yā-i-prāp) (a) To set, decline in the western horizon; गतोऽस्तमर्कः (gato'stamarkaḥ) the Sun has set; (fig.) it is time to do the duties to be performed at sunset; e. g. for a cowherd to drive home his cattle, for a religious person to begin his prayers, for a thief to begin his nightly work &c.; कथमिहैव युवयोरस्तमितः सूर्यः (kathamihaiva yuvayorastamitaḥ sūryaḥ) V.3. and Sar. S. 1. (b) To cease, vanish, be removed, disappear, be at an end; विषयिणः कस्यापदोऽ स्तं गताः (viṣayiṇaḥ kasyāpado' staṃ gatāḥ) Pt. 1.146. धृतिरस्तमिता (dhṛtirastamitā) R.8.66; दण्डेनास्तमितत्विषा (daṇḍenāstamitatviṣā) Ku.2.23; अस्तिमितैषा कथा (astimitaiṣā kathā) K.156 at an end, over; 198,24. (c) to die; अथ चास्तमिता त्वमात्मना (atha cāstamitā tvamātmanā) R.8.51,12.11.

Derivable forms: astaḥ (अस्तः).

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Asta (अस्त).—p. p.

1) Thrown, cast, given up, left; असमये यत्त्वयास्तोऽभिमानः (asamaye yattvayāsto'bhimānaḥ) Ve.6.

2) Finished.

3) Despatched.

-stā Ved. A missile, an arrow.

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Astā (अस्ता).—ind. Ved. at hand, near.

See also (synonyms): astanike.

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Asta (अस्त).—&c, see under अस् (as).

See also (synonyms): astu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Aṣṭa (अष्ट).—ppp. of aśnoti (Vedic -aṣṭa in cpds.), obtained: Lalitavistara 390.9 (verse) aṣṭam arthaṃ. A word-play is clearly intended; see Aṣṭaṃga. (Calcutta (see LV.) reads iṣṭam, without support of any of Lefm.'s mss.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Asta (अस्त).—Sautra root. 10th cl. (astayati) To obscure or eclipse.

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Asta (अस्त).—mfn.

(-staḥ-stā-staṃ) 1. Thrown, cast. 2. Sent, dispatched. 3. Set, obscured. 4. Removed, set aside. m.

(-staḥ) 1. The western mountain, behind which the sun is supposed to set. 2. Sun-set. n.

(-staṃ) Death, end. E. asta to obscure or eclipse, ac affix, or asa to throw, &c. and kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṣṭā (अष्टा).—a substitute of aṣṭan in the former part of many comp. words, especially before numerals, e. g. aṣṭā -daśan, Eighteen.

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Asta (अस्त).—[as + ta] 1., I. n. Home. Ii. m. 1. Sun-set, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 187; [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 5. The acc. sing. astam, combined like a prefix, with i, gam, yā, implies, To set, [Daśakumāracarita] 184, 1. 2. The western mountain, behind which the sun is supposed to set, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 37, 4. Iv. n. Death, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 13, 74; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 126.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Asta (अस्त).—1. [neuter] home (also ka [neuter]); [accusative] [with] ī, gam, yā etc. go home, go down, set (of the sun); come to an end, die. As [masculine] the mountain behind which the sun and moon are supposed to set (cf. udaya), also = astamaya.

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Asta (अस्त).—2. [adjective] thrown, cast off (mostly °—).

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Astā (अस्ता).—[feminine] dart, bolt, arrow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aṣṭa (अष्ट):—1. aṣṭa mfn. (√akṣ; cf. nir-√akṣ) ‘marked, branded’, only in [compound] with -karṇa

2) 2. aṣṭa [from] √1. . See a-samaṣṭa-k.

3) [from aṣṭan] 3 (in [compound] for aṣṭan).

4) Aṣṭā (अष्टा):—[from aṣṭan] (in [compound] for aṣṭan)

5) Aṣṭa (अष्ट):—[from aṣṭan] 4. aṣṭa aṣṭa or aṣṭā with the final a,ā blended in [compound]

6) Asta (अस्त):—1. asta mfn. (perf. [Passive voice] p. √2. as), thrown, cast, [Raghuvaṃśa xii, 91]

7) (an- [negative]), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa iii]

8) (only in [compound]) thrown off, left off, set aside, given up (as grief, anger, a vow, etc.), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

9) Astā (अस्ता):—[from asta] a f. a missile, an arrow, [Atharva-veda]

10) Asta (अस्त):—2. asta n. home, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

11) m. setting (as of the sun or of luminaries), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Sūryasiddhānta]

12) ‘end, death’ See asta-samaya below

13) the western mountain (behind which the sun is supposed to set), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

14) (in [astronomy]) the seventh lunar mansion, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka]

15) m. astam-√i, astaṃ-√gam (also [Causal] See astaṃ-gamita below), or √prāp ([Kathāsaritsāgara]), to go to one’s eternal home, cease, vanish, perish, die, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv; Mahābhārata] etc.

16) [astaṃ-√nī] ([-nayati]), to lead to setting, cause to set, [Mahābhārata iii, i 7330]

17) Astā (अस्ता):—[from asta] b ind. [varia lectio] for astam, [Sāma-veda]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Asta (अस्त):—(ka) astayati 10. a. To set, to be obscured, to be eclipsed.

2) (staḥ) 1. m. The western mountain. n. Death. a. Thrown; set.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Aṣṭā (अष्टा) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Aṭṭhā, Attha, Atthā, Atthāa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ashta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Aṣṭa (अष्ट) [Also spelled asht]:—(a) eight; (nm) the number eight.

2) Asta (अस्त) [Also spelled ast]:—(a) set (as the sun); sunk; ~[prāya] almost set or sunk; dying; —[honā] to set or sink; to disappear or vanish.

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