Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 1.139.7

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ओ षू णो॑ अग्ने शृणुहि॒ त्वमी॑ळि॒तो दे॒वेभ्यो॑ ब्रवसि य॒ज्ञिये॑भ्यो॒ राज॑भ्यो य॒ज्ञिये॑भ्यः । यद्ध॒ त्यामङ्गि॑रोभ्यो धे॒नुं दे॑वा॒ अद॑त्तन । वि तां दु॑ह्रे अर्य॒मा क॒र्तरी॒ सचाँ॑ ए॒ष तां वे॑द मे॒ सचा॑ ॥
ओ षू णो अग्ने शृणुहि त्वमीळितो देवेभ्यो ब्रवसि यज्ञियेभ्यो राजभ्यो यज्ञियेभ्यः । यद्ध त्यामङ्गिरोभ्यो धेनुं देवा अदत्तन । वि तां दुह्रे अर्यमा कर्तरी सचाँ एष तां वेद मे सचा ॥
o ṣū ṇo agne śṛṇuhi tvam īḻito devebhyo bravasi yajñiyebhyo rājabhyo yajñiyebhyaḥ | yad dha tyām aṅgirobhyo dhenuṃ devā adattana | vi tāṃ duhre aryamā kartarī sacām̐ eṣa tāṃ veda me sacā ||

English translation:

Agni, listen attentively when you are praised by us, and repeat (those praises) to the gods who are entitled to worship; to the royal (deities) entitled to worship; on which accoun tthe gods gave to the Aṅgirasas the cow which Aryaman milked for (you), the maker (of all), together with the gods; that cow (the nature of which you have said), he, along with me, comprehends.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

The cow which Aryaman milked: The legend is tha Aṅgirasas, having propitiated the gods, solicited the gift of a cow; the gods them the cow of plural nty, but they were unable to milk her, and applied to Aryaman, who drew from the cow milk convertible to butter for oblations to fire. eṣa tām veda me sacā = he knows her along with me; this is explained: aryamāham api jānāmi, either I, Aryamā, or I and Aryamā know her

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): parucchepo daivodāsiḥ [parucchepa daivodāsi];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): agniḥ ;
Chandas (meter): aṣṭiḥ ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ओ इति॑ । सु । नः॒ । अ॒ग्ने॒ । शृ॒णु॒हि॒ । त्वम् । ई॒ळि॒तः । दे॒वेभ्यः॑ । ब्र॒व॒सि॒ । य॒ज्ञिये॑भ्यः । राज॑ऽभ्यः । य॒ज्ञिये॑भ्यः । यत् । ह॒ । त्याम् । अङ्गि॑रःऽभ्यः । धे॒नुम् । दे॒वाः॒ । अद॑त्तन । वि । ताम् । दु॒ह्रे॒ । अ॒र्य॒मा । क॒र्तरि॑ । सचा॑ । ए॒षः । ताम् । वे॒द॒ । मे॒ । सचा॑ ॥
ओ इति । सु । नः । अग्ने । शृणुहि । त्वम् । ईळितः । देवेभ्यः । ब्रवसि । यज्ञियेभ्यः । राजभ्यः । यज्ञियेभ्यः । यत् । ह । त्याम् । अङ्गिरःभ्यः । धेनुम् । देवाः । अदत्तन । वि । ताम् । दुह्रे । अर्यमा । कर्तरि । सचा । एषः । ताम् । वेद । मे । सचा ॥
o iti | su | ṇaḥ | agne | śṛṇuhi | tvam | īḷitaḥ | devebhyaḥ | bravasi | yajñiyebhyaḥ | rāja-bhyaḥ | yajñiyebhyaḥ | yat | ha | tyām | aṅgiras-bhyaḥ | dhenum | devāḥ | adattana | vi | tām | duhre | aryamā | kartari | sacā | eṣaḥ | tām | veda | meca | sacā

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 1.139.7 English analysis of grammar]

o < ā

[adverb]

“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

o < u

[adverb]

“ukāra; besides; now; indeed; u.”

ṣū < su

[adverb]

“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

ṇo < naḥ < mad

[noun], accusative, plural

“I; mine.”

agne < agni

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“fire; Agni; sacrificial fire; digestion; cautery; Plumbago zeylanica; fire; vahni; agni [word]; agnikarman; gold; three; jāraṇa; pyre; fireplace; heating.”

śṛṇuhi < śru

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“listen; come to know; hear; hear; listen; study; heed; learn.”

tvam < tvad

[noun], nominative, singular

“you.”

īᄆito < īḍitaḥ < īḍ

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“praise; invite; raise.”

devebhyo < devebhyaḥ < deva

[noun], dative, plural, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

bravasi < brū

[verb], singular, Present conjunctive (subjunctive)

“say; tell; describe; speak; state; answer; call; explain; address; proclaim; talk; talk; choose.”

yajñiyebhyo < yajñiyebhyaḥ < yajñiya

[noun], dative, plural, masculine

“sacrificial; divine; devoted.”

rājabhyo < rājabhyaḥ < rājan

[noun], dative, plural, masculine

“king; Kshatriya; rājan [word]; best; rājāvarta; Yakṣa.”

yajñiyebhyaḥ < yajñiya

[noun], dative, plural, masculine

“sacrificial; divine; devoted.”

yaddha < yat

[adverb]

“once [when]; because; that; if; how.”

yaddha < ha

[adverb]

“indeed; ha [word].”

tyām < tya

[noun], accusative, singular, feminine

“that.”

aṅgirobhyo < aṅgirobhyaḥ < aṅgiras

[noun], dative, plural, masculine

“Aṅgiras; Aṅgiras; Brahman; Atharva-Veda; aṅgiras [word]; Aṅgiras.”

dhenuṃ < dhenum < dhenu

[noun], accusative, singular, feminine

“cow; dhenu [word]; milk.”

devā < devāḥ < deva

[noun], vocative, plural, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

adattana <

[verb], plural, Imperfect

“give; add; perform; put; administer; fill into; give; ignite; put on; offer; use; fuel; pour; grant; feed; teach; construct; insert; drip; wrap; pay; hand over; lend; inflict; concentrate; sacrifice; splint; poultice; create.”

vi

[adverb]

“apart; away; away.”

tāṃ < tām < tad

[noun], accusative, singular, feminine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

duhre < duh

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“milk.”

aryamā < aryaman

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Aryaman; aryaman [word]; sun.”

kartarī < kartari < kartṛ

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

“agens; actor; creator; active voice; kartṛ [word]; reflexivity; writer; subject.”

sacāṃ < sacā

[adverb]

“jointly.”

eṣa < etad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); etad [word].”

tāṃ < tām < tad

[noun], accusative, singular, feminine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

veda < vid

[verb], singular, Perfect indicative

“know; diagnose; perceive; know; accord; notice; deem; mind; learn; specify; watch; recognize; detect; call.”

me < mad

[noun], genitive, singular

“I; mine.”

sacā

[adverb]

“jointly.”

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