Aryaka, Āryaka, Āryakā: 10 definitions

Introduction

Aryaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Āryaka (आर्यक).—A famous serpent. (Śloka 7, Chapter 35, Ādi Parva, Mahābhārata) Āryaka is associated with Bhīmasena in the following story. Once Duryodhana gave snake poison in his food to Bhīmasena. Unaware Bhīma took his food as usual and went to bathe in the river. After some time Bhīma became unconscious due to the effect of the poison and fell flat in the river.

Immediately Duryodhana bound him by ropes and put him in more deep waters. Bhīma reaching the bottom was bitten by all the snakes there. This fortunately served as an antidote and the poison in Bhīma’s body was neutralized and Bhīma became his old self again and killed all the serpents. Those serpents who escaped went and brought their chief, Vāsuki. At that time it was Āryaka who advised Vāsuki to give him 'rasapāna'. (Ślokas 64-68, Chapter 127, Ādi Parva, Mahābhārata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Āryaka (आर्यक).—The father of Dharmasetu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 26.

1b) A Kādraveya nāga.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 33.

1c) Caste equal to Brāhmaṇa in Plakṣadvīpa.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 17.

2) Āryakā (आर्यका).—A river in Krauñca-dvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 21.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Āryaka (आर्यक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.35.7, V.103.11) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Āryaka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Āryaka.—Prakrit ajjaka, ayyaka (EI 20, 28; CII 3; IA 15), the grandfather; father's father. Cf. prārya, āryikā. Cf. Prakrit ajjaka (EI 24), an ascetic. Note: āryaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Āryakā.—cf. Prakrit ajjakā (EI 24), Sanskrit āryikā; a female ascetic of the Jain order. Note: āryakā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Āryaka (आर्यक).—[ārya-svārthe-kan]

1) An honourable or respectable man.

2) A grandfather; बलेन गुप्तो भरतो महात्मा सहार्यकस्यात्मसमैरमात्यैः (balena gupto bharato mahātmā sahāryakasyātmasamairamātyaiḥ) Rām.2.7.3.

3) Name of a cowherd who became a king; cf. Mk.7.

-kram A ceremony performed to the Manes or the vessel used in sacrifices to the Manes.

Derivable forms: āryakaḥ (आर्यकः).

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Āryakā (आर्यका).—

1) A respectable woman.

2) Name of a Nakṣatra.

3) Name of a river; Bhāg.

See also (synonyms): āryikā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Aryaka (अर्यक).—m. (= ayyaka, q.v.; semi-MIndic for Sanskrit āryaka), grandfather: Mv iii.265.9 (Senart em. āry°).

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Āryaka (आर्यक).—n. of a cakravartin: SP 160.14 mahārājñā cakravartināryakeṇa mahākośena. Burnouf and Kern take this word as an adj. and Cakravartin as the king's name, which I think unlikely.

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Āryakā (आर्यका).—(= Pali ayyakā), grandmother: MSV ii.70.2 f.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āryaka (आर्यक) or Āryyaka.—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A grandfather. 2. Any respectable man. n.

(-kaṃ) The vessel, &c. used in sacrifices made to the manes. f. (āryakā or āryikā) A respectable woman. E. ārya respectable, &c. and vun aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āryaka (आर्यक).—[ārya + ka], m. 1. A grandfather, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 61, 15. 2. A proper name, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 35, 22; Mahābhārata 1, 1552.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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