Aryaka, aka: Āryaka, Āryakā; 4 Definition(s)


Aryaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


[Aryaka in Purana glossaries]

Āryaka (आर्यक).—A famous serpent. (Śloka 7, Chapter 35, Ādi Parva, Mahābhārata) Āryaka is associated with Bhīmasena in the following story. Once Duryodhana gave snake poison in his food to Bhīmasena. Unaware Bhīma took his food as usual and went to bathe in the river. After some time Bhīma became unconscious due to the effect of the poison and fell flat in the river.

Immediately Duryodhana bound him by ropes and put him in more deep waters. Bhīma reaching the bottom was bitten by all the snakes there. This fortunately served as an antidote and the poison in Bhīma’s body was neutralized and Bhīma became his old self again and killed all the serpents. Those serpents who escaped went and brought their chief, Vāsuki. At that time it was Āryaka who advised Vāsuki to give him 'rasapāna'. (Ślokas 64-68, Chapter 127, Ādi Parva, Mahābhārata).

(Source): Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Āryaka (आर्यक).—The father of Dharmasetu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 26.

1b) A Kādraveya nāga.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 33.

1c) Caste equal to Brāhmaṇa in Plakṣadvīpa.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 17.

2) Āryakā (आर्यका).—A river in Krauñca-dvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 21.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Aryaka in Itihasa glossaries]

Āryaka (आर्यक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.35.7, V.103.11) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Āryaka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Aryaka in Sanskrit glossaries]

Āryaka (आर्यक).—[ārya-svārthe-kan]

1) An honourable or respectable man.

2) A grandfather; बलेन गुप्तो भरतो महात्मा सहार्यकस्यात्मसमैरमात्यैः (balena gupto bharato mahātmā sahāryakasyātmasamairamātyaiḥ) Rām.2.7.3.

3) Name of a cowherd who became a king; cf. Mk.7.

-kram A ceremony performed to the Manes or the vessel used in sacrifices to the Manes.

Derivable forms: āryakaḥ (आर्यकः).

--- OR ---

Āryakā (आर्यका).—

1) A respectable woman.

2) Name of a Nakṣatra.

3) Name of a river; Bhāg.

See also (synonyms): āryikā.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 7 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

1) Sumukha (सुमुख).—A nāga, son of Kaśyapa Prajāpati by his wife Kadrū. Sumukha was the grandso...
Plakṣadvīpa (प्लक्षद्वीप) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyam...
Vaidhṛta (वैधृत).—An astronomical phenomenon when the sum of the (true) longitudes of the Sun a...
Cikura (चिकुर).—Son of Āryaka, the serpent king. Cikura had a son called Sumukha. Once Garuḍa a...
Guṇakeśī (गुणकेशी).—Daughter of Mātali, charioteer of Indra. She was more beautiful and well-be...
Dharmasetu (धर्मसेतु).—an epithet of Śiva. Derivable forms: dharmasetuḥ (धर्मसेतुः).Dharmasetu ...
Āryikā (आर्यिका).—1) A respectable woman.2) Name of a Nakṣatra.3) Name of a river; Bhāg.See als...

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