Suryaloka, Sūryaloka, Sūryāloka, Surya-aloka, Surya-loka: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Suryaloka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Suryaloka in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Yoga Vasishtha Maharamayana

Sūryāloka (सूर्यालोक) refers to the “beams of the rising sun”, according to the Yogavasistha 5.36.—Accordingly, “[...] the succession of pain and pleasure, ceases to be felt by one who feels thee within himself; as the shades of darkness, the twinkling of stars, and the coldness of frost, cease to exist in the bright sunlight. It is by a glance of thy eye, that the feelings of pain and pleasure rise in the mind; as it is by the beams of the rising sun [viz., sūryāloka], that the sky is tinged with its variegated hues”.

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sūryaloka (सूर्यलोक) refers to the “sphere of the sun”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 5.13. Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] listen to the meritorious benefits of that man who makes arrangement for the Sacred Text book in the temple of Śiva, Viṣṇu, the Sun or any one else. The man derives the benefit of rājasūyas and aśvamedhas. Piercing through the sun’s sphere [viz., Sūryaloka] he goes to to the Brahmaloka. After remaining there for hundreds of kalpas he becomes a king on the earth. He enjoys the pleasures without pinpricks. No hesitation need be entertained in this regard”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sūryaloka (सूर्यलोक).—For a bath in Sangameśvaram.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 111. 3-4, 10-11. Matsya-purāṇa 191. 78.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Suryaloka in Shaktism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam

Sūryaloka (सूर्यलोक) refers to the “(region of the) Sun”, according to Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam 7.28 (“On the Dīkṣā vidhi or on the rules of Initiation”).—Accordingly, “[...] when oblations of clarified butter are offered to the Fire, those get transferred to the Sun (Sūryaloka) and get transformed as rains. So when the Homa ceremonies disappeared, there was the scarcity of rain. The earth became quite dry and not a drop of water was found anywhere. The wells, tanks, pools, rivers all were dried up. And this state of “no rains” lasted one hundred years. Countless people, hundreds and thousands of cows, buffaloes and other beasts went to the jaws of death. The dead bodies of persons remained in heaps in every house; persons would not be found to perform their burning ceremonies. When such calamities were seen, the calm and quiet body of the Brāhmaṇs, in their earnestness to worship the Supreme Goddess, went to the Himālayās”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Suryaloka in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Sūryāloka (सूर्यालोक) refers to the “rays of the sun”, according to the seventeenth story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 91. Accordingly, as the Vetāla said to king Trivikramasena:—“... servants are bound to preserve their masters even by the sacrifice of their lives. But kings are inflated with arrogance, uncontrollable as elephants, and when bent on enjoyment they snap as under the chain of the moral law. [...] And the royal umbrella keeps off from them the rays of truth, as well as the rays of the sun [viz., sūryāloka]; and their eyes, smitten by the gale of prosperity, do not see the right path. [...]”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning sūryāloka, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Suryaloka in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Sūryāloka (सूर्यालोक) refers to the “light of the sun”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XI.—Accordingly, “when the light of the sun (sūryāloka) and the wind (vāyu) stir up the dust (rajas), there is a mirage; in the desert (kāntāra), it appears as if there were gazelles (ghoṭakamṛga) and, on seeing them, not knowing, we assume the presence of water (vāri). It is the same for the characteristics of male and female (strīpuruṣa): when the sun of the fetters (saṃyojana) and the afflictions (kleśa) has heated up the dust of the formations (saṃskāra) and the wind of bad thoughts swirls in the desert of transmigration (saṃsāra), the person without wisdom asserts the characteristics of male and female (strīpuruṣa). This is a mirage”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Suryaloka in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sūryalōka (सूर्यलोक).—m (S) The region of the sun. See sūryamaṇḍala.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Suryaloka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sūryāloka (सूर्यालोक).—sunshine.

Derivable forms: sūryālokaḥ (सूर्यालोकः).

Sūryāloka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sūrya and āloka (आलोक).

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Sūryaloka (सूर्यलोक).—the heaven of the sun.

Derivable forms: sūryalokaḥ (सूर्यलोकः).

Sūryaloka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sūrya and loka (लोक).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sūryaloka (सूर्यलोक) or Sūryyaloka.—m.

(-kaḥ) The heaven of the sun.

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Sūryāloka (सूर्यालोक) or Sūryyāloka.—m.

(-kaḥ) Sun-shine. E. sūrya the sun, and āloka light.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sūryāloka (सूर्यालोक).—m. sunshine.

Sūryāloka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sūrya and āloka (आलोक).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sūryaloka (सूर्यलोक):—[=sūrya-loka] [from sūrya > sūr] m. the sun-world (a region or space supposed to exist round the sun, constituting a heaven of which the sun is regent), [Inscriptions; Kāśī khaṇḍa, from the skanda-purāṇa]

2) Sūryāloka (सूर्यालोक):—[from sūrya > sūr] m. sunshine, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sūryāloka (सूर्यालोक):—[sūryā+loka] (kaḥ) 1. m. Sunshine.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Sūryaloka (सूर्यलोक):—m. die Welt der Sonne [Journ. of the Am. Or. S.7,45,4.] [Weber’s Verzeichniss 146,a (9).] [KĀŚĪKH. im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Sūryāloka (सूर्यालोक):—(sūrya + ā) m. Sonnenschein [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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