Jayin, Jayi, Jāyin, Jayī: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Jayin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Jayin (जयिन्) refers to “triumphant (planets)”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 17) (“On planetary conjunctions—grahayuddha”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The Sun when in mid-heaven is known as an Ākranda planet; when in the east he is known as a Paura planet and when in the west he is known as a Yāyin planet. Mercury, Jupiter and Saturn are always known as Paura planets. The Moon is always known as an Ākranda planet. Ketu, Mars, Rahu and Venus are known as Yāyin planets. The planet that suffers defeat in conjunction will cause suffering to the objects it represents; but if triumphant (jayin), the objects will prosper”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Jayin (जयिन्) refers to “being victorious (in battle)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.8 (“The battle between the gods and Asuras”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] In the same manner, O dear, the guardians of the quarters, though powerful, were defeated in battle by the Asuras, great experts in warfare. The other gods too were fought and defeated by the Asuras. Unable to bear their ferocity they took to flight. The victorious (jayin) Asuras, their effort having been successful, roared like lions and raised shouts of jubilation. [...]”

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Jayin (जयिन्) refers to the “conqueror (of the three worlds)” and is used to describe Yama, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Yama’s noose, which cannot be resisted even by the chiefs of gods, demons, men and the lord of snakes, in half a moment binds the world of living souls. Yama is clearly the one and only chief conqueror of the three worlds (jagattraya-jayin) [and] by the mere wish of whom do the 30 gods die”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

jayi : (aor. of jayati) conquered; surpassed. || jāyi (aor. of jāyati), arose.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

Jayī (जयी).—a (S) Victorious, triumphant, successful.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

Jayī (जयी).—a Successful, victorious.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jāyin (जायिन्).—a. (- f.) [जि-णिनि (ji-ṇini)] Conquering, subduing. -m. The burden of a song (in music).

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Jayin (जयिन्).—a. [ji śīlārthe ini]

1) Conquering, vanquishing; विरूपाक्षस्य जयिनीस्ताः स्तुवे वामलोचनाः (virūpākṣasya jayinīstāḥ stuve vāmalocanāḥ) Vb.1.2.

2) Successful, winning a law-suit, Y.2.79.

3) Fascinating, captivating, subduing the heart; जगति जयिनस्ते ते भावा नवेन्दु- कलादयः (jagati jayinaste te bhāvā navendu- kalādayaḥ) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.36. -m. A victor, a conqueror; पौरस्त्यानेव- माक्रामंस्तांस्ताञ्जनपदाञ्जयी (paurastyāneva- mākrāmaṃstāṃstāñjanapadāñjayī) R.4.34.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jayin (जयिन्).—mfn. (-yī-yinī-yi) Victorious. E. jaya victory, śīlārthe ini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jayin (जयिन्).—i. e. ji + in, adj. and sbst. 1. Conquering, a conqueror, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 31, 38. 2. Victorious, Mahābhārata 9, 1676. 3. The winning party in a law-suit, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 79.

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Jāyin (जायिन्).—[-jāyin], i. e. ji + in, adj. Conquering, Mahābhārata 3, 1383.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jayin (जयिन्).—[adjective] conquering, winning, a conqueror ([genetive] or —°); granting victory.

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Jāyin (जायिन्).—[adjective] conquering, fighting (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jayin (जयिन्):—[from jaya] mfn. ([Pāṇini 3-2, 157]) conquering, conqueror (chiefly ifc.), [Mahābhārata 3459; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] victorious (in battle, [Mahābhārata; Raghuvaṃśa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]; in a lawsuit, [Yājñavalkya ii]; in planetary opposition, [Sūryasiddhānta vii, 21ff.]; in playing at dice, [Kathāsaritsāgara cxxi]; in sport, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa x])

3) [v.s. ...] ifc. removing, [Bālarāmāyaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] = ya-kṛt, [Pañcatantra]

5) Jāyin (जायिन्):—mfn. (√ji) ifc. conquering, subduing, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv; Mahābhārata iii]

6) m. Name of a Dhruvaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jayin (जयिन्):—[(yī-yinī-yi) a.] Victorious.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Jayin (जयिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Jai, Jaiṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jayin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Jayī (जयी):—(a) winner, victorious; (nm) a conqueror.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jāyi (ಜಾಯಿ):—

1) [noun] the creeper Jasminum grandiflorum (= j. officinale) of Oleaceae family.

2) [noun] its white, fragrant flower.

3) [noun] the medium-sized, evergreen tree Myristica fragrans of Myristiaceae family.

4) [noun] its hard, aromatic seed, which is used as a spice and whose covering yields the spice mace; nutmeg.

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Jāyi (ಜಾಯಿ):—

1) [noun] a long, almost cylindrical, percussion instrument that has leather membrane on both sides, which is very popular in Karnāṭaka system of music.

2) [noun] (mus.) a mode of beating time.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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