Akhu, Ākhu: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Akhu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Ākhu (आखु) is a Sanskrit word referring to a “rat”. According to the Manusmṛti XII.62, one is reborn as a rat when commiting the sin of stealing grain. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti.

Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts

Ākhu (आखु) refers to the animal “Soft furred field rat” (Millardia meltada).—The Smṛtis mention several domestic as well as wild animals that are enumerated in context of specifying expiation for killing them, the flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the Manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites, the law of transmigration due to various sins committed as well as in the context of specifying gifts to be given on various occasions. These animals [viz., Ākhu] are chiefly mentioned in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [Chap.6], Gautamasmṛti [17.2 and 15.1], Śātātapasmṛti [II.45-54], Uśānasmṛti [IX.7-9; IX.12-13], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.170-171; I.175; I.258- 260], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.3;51.6;51.26;51.33;80.3-14], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.15-17], Prajāpatismṛti [Śrāddhatyājyavastuvarṇanam. 138-143], 9 Kāśyapasmṛti [Section on Prāyaścittavarṇanam], Vṛddha Hārītasmṛti [6.253-255] and Kātyāyanasmṛti [27.11].

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ākhu : (m.) a rat; mouse.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ākhu, (Vedic ākhu, fr. ā + khan, lit. the digger in, i. e. a mole; but given as rat or mouse by Halāyudha) a mouse or rat Pgdp 10. (Page 94)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ākhu (आखु).—m S A rat or mouse.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ākhu (आखु).—[ākhanatītyākhuḥ, ākhan kuḥ ḍicca Uṇ.1.33]

1) A mouse, rat, mole; आखुं चिदेव देव सोम (ākhuṃ cideva deva soma) Rv.9.67.3. अत्तुं वाञ्छति शाम्भवो गणपतेराखुं क्षुधार्तः फणी (attuṃ vāñchati śāmbhavo gaṇapaterākhuṃ kṣudhārtaḥ phaṇī) Pt.1.159.

2) A thief.

3) A hog. cf. पोत्रिमूषिखयोराखुः (potrimūṣikhayorākhuḥ) Nm.

4) A spade.

5) A miser.; विभवे सति नैवात्ति न ददाति जुहोति न । तमाहुराखुम् (vibhave sati naivātti na dadāti juhoti na | tamāhurākhum).

6) The grass Lipeocercis Serrata (devatāḍa).

Derivable forms: ākhuḥ (आखुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ākhu (आखु).—m.

(-khuḥ) 1. A rat, a mouse. 2. A hog. 3. A thief. 4. A sort of tree: see devatāḍa. E. āṅ, khan to dig, and ku Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ākhu (आखु).—i. e. ā-khan + u, m. A rat, a mouse.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ākhu (आखु).—[masculine] mole, mouse.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ākhu (आखु):—[=ā-khu] [from ā-kha] a m. a mole, [Ṛg-veda ix, 67, 30; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a mouse, rat

3) [v.s. ...] a hog, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a thief, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] the grass Lipeocercis Serrata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] f. a she-mole or she-mouse, [Pāṇini 4-1, 44 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

7) [=ā-khu] b See ā-kha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ākhu (आखु):—[ā-khu] (khuḥ) 2. m. A rat or mouse.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Ākhu (आखु):—(wie eben) [Die Uṇādi-Affixe 1, 33.] m.

1) Maus, Ratze ( [Amarakoṣa 2, 5, 12.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1300]); Maulwurf [Ṛgveda 9, 67, 30.] (s. u. alāyya). [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 3, 57. 24, 26. 28.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 6, 50, 1.] [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 5, 5, 14, 1.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 2, 1, 1, 7. 6, 2, 10.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 126. 11, 159. 12, 62.] [Mahābhārata 1, 1816.] [Pañcatantra I, 175. 426. II, 1.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 24, 132.] —

2) Name eines Grases, Lipeocercis serrata Trin., [Ratnamālā im Śabdakalpadruma] [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 25.] — Nach [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 4, 4] bedeutet das Wort noch

3) Dieb und

4) Schwein; nach [Wilson’s Wörterbuch] noch

5) Gräber und

6) Spaten.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Ākhu (आखु):—m. (*f. ebenso [Pāṇini. 4,1,44,Sch.]) —

1) Maulwurf.

2) Maus [180,14.] —

3) *Schwein.

4) *Dieb.

5) *Lipeocercis serrata Trin.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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