Akrishta, Ākṛṣṭa, Akṛṣṭa: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Akrishta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Ākṛṣṭa and Akṛṣṭa can be transliterated into English as Akrsta or Akrishta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Akrasht.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra

Ākṛṣṭa (आकृष्ट) or Ākṛṣṭi or Ākarṣaṇa refers to “attracting others” and represents a ritual that is accomplished by performing mantrasādhana (preparatory procedures) through japaprakāra, reciting a mantra in a specific manner, according to the Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 1.48, “ One should recite a mantra using the thumb and ring finger for the best rituals; using the thumb and middle finger for the ākṛṣṭa (syn. ākarṣaṇa, attracting others) ritual”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Ākṛṣṭa (आकृष्ट):—Collection / procurement of raw materials

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Ākṛṣṭa (आकृष्ट) means “attracted”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] I salute the conscious nature present on all the planes (of existence), the venerable goddess Kulālī. Mounted on millions of wheels, (her) plane (of being) is well prepared and (her) movement is attracted by the foundation (of all that exists) [i.e., ādhāra-ākṛṣṭa-cārā]. Supreme, she has elevated every soul and removes (all that is) born of illusion. With the mass of the rays (of her divine light), full of the essence of nectar, she nourishes creation. [...] ”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Ākṛṣṭa (आकृष्ट) refers to “violent pulling” (of trees), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 12), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Hear now the effects of the heliacal rising of Canopus (Agastya), a star sacred to Agastya who suppressed the Vindhya mountains whose soaring heights obstructed the course of the Sun; [...] whose summits appeared to score the starry vault; whose rocks were full of buzzing bees scared by the violent pulling of flower trees [i.e., ākṛṣṭa-phulla-druma] by wild elephants and were also the abodes of hyenas, of bears, of tigers and of monkeys; through which lay the secret course of the Ravi which appeared to embrace its bosom with the affection of a mistress; and in whose forests dwelt the Devas and also Brāhmaṇa recluses, some subsisting on water, some on roots, some on the air and some altogether without food”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Akrishta in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Akṛṣṭa (अकृष्ट) refers to “untilled soil”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.15 (“The penance and reign of Tārakāsura”).—Accordingly, after Tāraka requested boons from Brahmā: “[...] That great demon [i.e., Tāraka] was crowned the king of the three worlds with the permission of Śukra, the preceptor of the demons. [...] Wherever a fine article was espied by the demon, he seized it immediately. The three worlds became void of all valuable things. O sage, the oceans the offered him their gems on account of fear. The entire earth became exuberant in productivity without being tilled [i.e., akṛṣṭa-pacyā] and yielded what his subjects desired. [...]”.

2) Ākṛṣṭa (आकृष्ट) refers to a “fully drawn bow” (ready to discharge the arrow), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.19 (“Kāma’s destruction by Śiva”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Naradā: “After thinking like this, the great Yogin, the goal of the good, surveyed all round, his suspicion having been aroused. He saw Kāma stationed on His left side with his bow fully drawn and ready to discharge the arrow [i.e., ākṛṣṭa-bāṇaka]. Kāma was haughty and so was very senseless. O Nārada, on seeing Kāma in that attitude, instantaneously anger was aroused in lord Śiva, the supreme soul. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ākṛṣṭa (आकृष्ट).—p S Pulled, drawn, dragged, attracted.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ākṛṣṭa (आकृष्ट).—p Attracted, pulled.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Akṛṣṭa (अकृष्ट).—a. [na. ta.] Not tilled; not drawn.

--- OR ---

Ākṛṣṭa (आकृष्ट).—a. Attracted, pulled; नाकृष्टं न च टाङ्कितं न नमितं नोत्थापितं स्थानतः (nākṛṣṭaṃ na ca ṭāṅkitaṃ na namitaṃ notthāpitaṃ sthānataḥ) Mahān.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ākṛṣṭa (आकृष्ट).—mfn.

(-ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) 1. Pulled, drawn. 2. Attracted. E. āṅ before kṛṣ to drag, kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akṛṣṭa (अकृष्ट).—[adjective] untilled; [neuter] untilled soil.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Akṛṣṭa (अकृष्ट):—[=a-kṛṣṭa] mfn. unploughed, untilled

2) [v.s. ...] not prolonged or drawled (in pronunciation), [Saṃhitā-upaniṣad-brāhmaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] not drawn

4) [v.s. ...] n. unploughed land, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] Name of a kind of Ṛṣis, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

6) Ākṛṣṭa (आकृष्ट):—[=ā-kṛṣṭa] [from ā-kṛṣ] mfn. drawn, pulled, attracted.

7) [v.s. ...] m. a magical diagram scratched on the ground (?), ibidem

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akṛṣṭa (अकृष्ट):—[tatpurusha compound] m. f. n.

(-ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭam) 1) Undrawn.

2) Untilled, uncultivated. E. a neg. and kṛṣṭa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ākṛṣṭa (आकृष्ट):—[ā-kṛṣṭa] (ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) 1. a. Attracted.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Akṛṣṭa (अकृष्ट) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Akiṭṭha, Akkiṭṭha, Āiḍḍhaya, Āgarisiya, Āyaḍḍhaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Akrishta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Akrishta in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ākṛṣṭa (आकृष्ट) [Also spelled akrasht]:—(a) see [ākarṣita].

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Akṛṣṭa (ಅಕೃಷ್ಟ):—[adjective] not tilled; uncultivated.

--- OR ---

Ākṛṣṭa (ಆಕೃಷ್ಟ):—

1) [adjective] drawn towards; attracted.

2) [adjective] enticed; fascinated.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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