Indrani, Indrāṇī: 16 definitions
Indrani means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Indrāṇī (इन्द्राणी):—Name of one of the mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.
Her mantra is as follows:
Source: Sreenivasarao's blog: Saptamatrka (part 4)
ॐ इन्द्राण्यै नमः
oṃ indrāṇyai namaḥ.
Indrani refers to one of the seven mother-like goddesses (Matrika).—The Matrikas emerge as shaktis from out of the bodies of the gods: Indrani from Indra. The order of the Saptamatrka usually begins with Brahmi symbolizing creation. Then, Vaishnavi, Maheshvari, Kaumari and Varahi. Then, Indrani is the sovereignty intolerant of opposition and disorder. Aindri is also known as Indrani, Mahendri, Shakri and Vajri.
The Bhavanopanishad (9) recognizes Matrikas as eight types of un-favourable dispositions, such as: desire, anger, greed, delusion, pride, jealousy, demerit and merit. Tantra-raja-tantra (36; 15-16) expands on that and identifies Indrani with jealousy and envy (matsarya).
According to Khadgamala (vamachara) tradition of Sri Vidya, the eight Matrkas are located along the wall (four at the doors and four at the corners) guarding the city (Tripura) on all eight directions: Aindri on the North-east.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Indrāṇī (इन्द्राणी, “name for Indra’s wife”) is a variant spelling for Indrāṇikā, which is a synonym for Sinduvāra, which is a Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant (either Vitex Negundo or Vitex trifolia). It is a technical term used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. This synonym was identified by Amarasiṃha in his Amarakośa (a Sanskrit botanical thesaurus from the 4th century).Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Indraṇī (इन्द्रणी) is another name for Nīlanirguṇḍī, the blue variety of Sinduvāra, a medicinal plant identified with Vitex negundo Linn. (or ‘chaste tree’) from the Lamiaceae or “mint” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.153-154 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Indraṇī and Nīlanirguṇḍī, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Indrāṇī (इन्द्राणी).—Wife of Indra (Śacī). Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu thus: Viṣṇu—Brahmā—Kaśyapa—Pulomā—Śacī (Indrāṇī). Pulomā was an asura born to Kaśyapa by his wife Danu. Indra married Śacī, the daughter of Pulomā, and hence Śacī is called Indrāṇī also. She is called Paulomī also as she was the daughter of Pulomā. Indrāṇī and Śūrapadma. An Asura called Śūrapadma once coveted Indrāṇī. He deputed his men to fetch Śacī somehow or other to him. Hearing about this, Indra, keeping Indrāṇī with him, went to and stayed in the Chīyāli temple in Koṅkaṇadeśa, and afterwards Indra went to Mount Kailāsa after asking Śāstā to guard Indrāṇī. During Indra’s absence Ajāmukhī, sister of Śūrapadma met Indrāṇī and induced her to become Śūrapadma’s wife. Indrāṇī refused. Ultimately Indra returned and took Indrāṇī back to Devaloka. Indrāṇī and Nahuṣa. See under Agastya. Indrāṇī and Pāñcālī. Mahābhārata says that Pāñcālī was a partial incarnation of Indrāṇī. (See under Pāñcālī). A part of Śacī was born in the family of Drupada as Draupadī, viz. Pāñcālī. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 67).
Indrāṇī once went to the assembly of Brahmā and worshipped him. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 11, Verse 42).
When once Satyabhāmā came to Devaloka with Śrī Kṛṣṇa, Indrāṇī conducted her to Aditi, mother of the Devas. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 36).
Śacī also was present at the birth of Subrahmaṇya. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 46, Verse 13).
Indrāṇī and Arjuna. (See under Arjuna). (See full article at Story of Indrāṇī from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Indrāṇī (इन्द्राणी).—Sat with Indra in his sabhā.1 Punished Nahuṣa for his overweening pride.2 Was the mother of Jayanta and two other sons.3 Welcomed Kṛṣṇa and Satyabhāmā to Amarāvati. Satyabhāmā aggrieved against her and thought her proud of her riches and of her Lord's prowess.4 A śakti.5
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 7. 6.
- 2) Ib. IX. 18. 3; VI. 13. 16.
- 3) Ib. VI. 18. 7.
- 4) Ib. X. 59. 38; [65 (V) 5], ; [67 (V) 19].
- 5) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 84, 111.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)
Indrani is the wife of Indra, as mentioned in the Kaṭalāṭukkāṭai, which is a chapter of the Cilappatikāram: an ancient epic authored by Ilango Adigal representing an important piece of Tamil literature.—Accordingly, while describing the Kaṭayam (one of the eleven dances): Lady Indrani (wife of Indra) danced this dance in the form of a farmer standing in the green fields at the northern gate of the city Chou (Bāna’s city).
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Google Books: An Esoteric Exposition of the Bardo Thodol Part A
Indrāṇī (इन्द्राणी):—One of the six Īśvarī performing the rites of pacification.—The counterpart of this pair is Kaumārī..
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
indrāṇī (इंद्राणी).—f (S) The wife of Indra. Pr. indra phiratō iṃ0 phirata nāhīṃ. 2 A shrub, Vitex negundo.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Indrāṇī (इन्द्राणी).—[indrasya patnī ānuk ṅīp P.IV.1.49.]
1) The wife of Indra; आजगाम सहेन्द्राण्या शक्रः सुरगणैर्वृतः (ājagāma sahendrāṇyā śakraḥ suragaṇairvṛtaḥ) Mb.3. 14.13.
2) Name of Durgā, considered as one of the eight mothers or divine energies.
3) A kind of coitus.
4) Large cardamoms.
5) Name of a tree (nīlasiṃduvāra); also the plant निर्गुंडी (nirguṃḍī).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Indrāṇī (इन्द्राणी).—f. (-ṇī) 1. The wife of Indra. 2. A plant, (Vitex negumdo:) see the preceding. E. indra, ṅīṣ affix, and ānuk augment.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Indrāṇī (इन्द्राणी).—i. e. indra + ī, f. The wife of Indra, Mahābhārata 1, 7351.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Indrāṇī (इन्द्राणी).—[feminine] [Name] of Indra's wife.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Indrāṇī (इन्द्राणी):—[from indra] f. the wife of Indra, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Mahābhārata] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā, [Harivaṃśa], (reckoned as one of the eight mothers [mātṛkā] or divine energies)
3) [v.s. ...] the pupil of the left eye (cf. indra), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]
4) [v.s. ...] a kind of coitus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) [v.s. ...] the plant Vitex Negundo, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) [v.s. ...] a species of Colocynth, [Nirukta, by Yāska]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+29): Saci, Indrashakti, Aindri, Saptamatri, Mahendri, Indranigauripuja, Indranikarman, Vajri, Indranitantra, Indranishaka, Indranisaman, Shakri, Pancendra, Pulomaja, Dashendra, Mahendrani, Ashtamatrika, Indranya, Paulomi, Ratridevi.
Search found 25 books and stories containing Indrani, Indrāṇī; (plurals include: Indranis, Indrāṇīs). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Sankhayana-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Early Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
Chapter XIV - Story of indrani < [Book VII - Nirvana prakarana part 2 (nirvana prakarana)]
Paraskara-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 2: Śānti’s parents (king Viśvasena and queen Acirā) < [Chapter V - Twelfth incarnation as Śānti]
Part 6: Story of Vanamālā < [Chapter V - The kidnapping of Sītā]
Part 1: Rāvaṇa’s expedition of Conquest (introduction) < [Chapter II - Rāvaṇa’s expedition of Conquest]