Indrani, Indrāṇī, Imdrani: 25 definitions


Indrani means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Indrāṇī (इन्द्राणी):—Name of one of the mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ॐ इन्द्राण्यै नमः
oṃ indrāṇyai namaḥ.

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Indrāṇī (इन्द्राणी) is the name of a Mātṛkā (‘mother’) and is identified with the sacred site of Caritra, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—According to the Kubjikā Tantras, the eight major Kaula sacred sites each have a house occupied by a woman of low caste who is identified with a Mother (Mātṛkā).—[...] Caritra is identified with (a) the class of washer woman (rajakī) [or liquor seller (dhvajinī)], (b) the Mātṛkā or ‘mother’ named Indrāṇī, and (c) with the location of ‘sound’.

Source: Sreenivasarao's blog: Saptamatrka (part 4)

Indrani refers to one of the seven mother-like goddesses (Matrika).—The Matrikas emerge as shaktis from out of the bodies of the gods: Indrani from Indra. The order of the Saptamatrka usually begins with Brahmi symbolizing creation. Then, Vaishnavi, Maheshvari, Kaumari and Varahi. Then, Indrani is the sovereignty intolerant of opposition and disorder. Aindri is also known as Indrani, Mahendri, Shakri and Vajri.

The Bhavanopanishad (9) recognizes Matrikas as eight types of un-favourable dispositions, such as: desire, anger, greed, delusion, pride, jealousy, demerit and merit. Tantra-raja-tantra (36; 15-16) expands on that and identifies Indrani with jealousy and envy (matsarya).

According to Khadgamala (vamachara) tradition of Sri Vidya, the eight Matrkas are located along the wall (four at the doors and four at the corners) guarding the city (Tripura) on all eight directions: Aindri on the North-east.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Indraṇī (इन्द्रणी) is another name for  Nīlanirguṇḍī, the blue variety of Sinduvāra, a medicinal plant identified with Vitex negundo Linn. (or ‘chaste tree’) from the Lamiaceae or “mint” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.153-154 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Indraṇī and Nīlanirguṇḍī, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Indrāṇī (इन्द्राणी, “name for Indra’s wife”) is a variant spelling for Indrāṇikā, which is a synonym for Sinduvāra, which is a Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant (either Vitex Negundo or Vitex trifolia). It is a technical term used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. This synonym was identified by Amarasiṃha in his Amarakośa (a Sanskrit botanical thesaurus from the 4th century).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Indrāṇī (इन्द्राणी).—Wife of Indra (Śacī). Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu thus: Viṣṇu—Brahmā—Kaśyapa—Pulomā—Śacī (Indrāṇī). Pulomā was an asura born to Kaśyapa by his wife Danu. Indra married Śacī, the daughter of Pulomā, and hence Śacī is called Indrāṇī also. She is called Paulomī also as she was the daughter of Pulomā. Indrāṇī and Śūrapadma. An Asura called Śūrapadma once coveted Indrāṇī. He deputed his men to fetch Śacī somehow or other to him. Hearing about this, Indra, keeping Indrāṇī with him, went to and stayed in the Chīyāli temple in Koṅkaṇadeśa, and afterwards Indra went to Mount Kailāsa after asking Śāstā to guard Indrāṇī. During Indra’s absence Ajāmukhī, sister of Śūrapadma met Indrāṇī and induced her to become Śūrapadma’s wife. Indrāṇī refused. Ultimately Indra returned and took Indrāṇī back to Devaloka. Indrāṇī and Nahuṣa. See under Agastya. Indrāṇī and Pāñcālī. Mahābhārata says that Pāñcālī was a partial incarnation of Indrāṇī. (See under Pāñcālī). A part of Śacī was born in the family of Drupada as Draupadī, viz. Pāñcālī. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 67).

Indrāṇī once went to the assembly of Brahmā and worshipped him. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 11, Verse 42).

When once Satyabhāmā came to Devaloka with Śrī Kṛṣṇa, Indrāṇī conducted her to Aditi, mother of the Devas. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 36).

Śacī also was present at the birth of Subrahmaṇya. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 46, Verse 13).

Indrāṇī and Arjuna. (See under Arjuna). (See full article at Story of Indrāṇī from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Indrāṇī (इन्द्राणी).—Sat with Indra in his sabhā.1 Punished Nahuṣa for his overweening pride.2 Was the mother of Jayanta and two other sons.3 Welcomed Kṛṣṇa and Satyabhāmā to Amarāvati. Satyabhāmā aggrieved against her and thought her proud of her riches and of her Lord's prowess.4 A śakti.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 7. 6.
  • 2) Ib. IX. 18. 3; VI. 13. 16.
  • 3) Ib. VI. 18. 7.
  • 4) Ib. X. 59. 38; [65 (V) 5], [28]; [67 (V) 19].
  • 5) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 84, 111.

1b) The temple of—in Vidarbha. This was visited by Rukmiṇī on the day prior to her marriage for worship. Indrāṇī and Indra were kuladevatas of Vidarbhas.1 Image of.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 53. 49 [1 & 2], and 50.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 13. 52; 260. 70; 261. 31.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Indrani is the wife of Indra, as mentioned in the Kaṭalāṭukkāṭai, which is a chapter of the Cilappatikāram: an ancient epic authored by Ilango Adigal representing an important piece of Tamil literature.—Accordingly, while describing the Kaṭayam (one of the eleven dances): Lady Indrani (wife of Indra) danced this dance in the form of a farmer standing in the green fields at the northern gate of the city Chou (Bāna’s city).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Indrāṇī (इन्द्राणी) (seed-syllable: i) refers to one of the eight Mother-goddesses (Mātṛs) of the pantheon of Mantra-deities, according to the Brahmayāmala-tantra (or Picumata), an early 7th century Śaiva text consisting of twelve-thousand verses.—Patterning the processes of inner and outer ritual is the Brahmayāmala’s pantheon of mantra-deities, whose core comprises the Four Goddesses or Guhyakās, Four Consorts or Handmaidens, and their lord, Kapālīśabhairava. Secondary members of the pantheon are a sextet of Yoginīs and an octad of Mother-goddesses [e.g., Indrāṇī].

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Google Books: An Esoteric Exposition of the Bardo Thodol Part A

Indrāṇī (इन्द्राणी):—One of the six Īśvarī performing the rites of pacification.—The counterpart of this pair is Kaumārī..

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Indrāṇī (इन्द्राणी) is the wife of Sukeśa (son of king Taḍitkeśa from Laṅkā), according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.1 [origin of the rākṣasavaṃśa and vānaravaṃśa] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly:—“[...] Taḍitkeśa bestowed his kingdom on his son, Sukeśa, became a mendicant, and went to the final abode. [...] In the city Pātālalaṅkā sons were borne to Sukeśa by Indrāṇī—Mālin, Sumālin, and Mālyavat. Two long-armed sons, named Ādityarajas and Ṛkṣarajas, were borne to Kiṣkindhi by Śrīmālā. [...]”.

2) Indrāṇī (इन्द्राणी) is the name of a vidyā subdued by Kumbhakarṇa, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.1.—Accordingly, “[...] Rāvaṇa, knowing the highest good, not considering it worthless, remained motionless like a high mountain, absorbed in preeminent meditation. ‘Well done! Well done!’ was the cry of gods in the sky, and the Yakṣa-servants departed quickly, terrified. [...] Five vidyās, Saṃvṛddhi, Jṛmbhaṇī, Sarvāhāriṇī, Vyomagāminī, Indrāṇī, were subdued by Kumbhakarṇa. Four vidyās, Siddhārthā, Śatrudamanī, Nirvyāghātā, Khagāminī, were subdued by the younger brother of Kumbhakarṇa. [...]”.

3) Indrāṇī (इन्द्राणी) is the wife of king Mahīdhara from Vijayapura, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.5 [The kidnapping of Sītā].—Accordingly: “Jānakī, Rāma, and Lakṣmaṇa, traveling day by day, having left the forest, reached Vijayapura at twilight. In a garden outside to the northwest they stopped under a very large banyan tree near the palace. The king in this city was named Mahīdhara, his wife was named Indrāṇī, and their daughter Vanamālā. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Indrani in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Vitex negundo L. from the Verbenaceae (Verbena) family. For the possible medicinal usage of indrani, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Indrani in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Justicia gendarussa Burm. fil. from the Acanthaceae (Acanthus) family having the following synonyms: Gendarussa vulgaris, Adhatoda subserrata, Justicia salicina.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Indrani in India is the name of a plant defined with Amomum subulatum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Cardamomum subulatum (Roxb.) Kuntze (among others).

2) Indrani is also identified with Justicia gendarussa It has the synonym Justicia gendarusa Blanco (etc.).

3) Indrani is also identified with Vitex negundo It has the synonym Vitex nogondo L. ap. Bojer (etc.).

4) Indrani is also identified with Vitex trifolia It has the synonym Vitex integerrima Mill. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Abh. Math.-Phys. Cl. Königl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. (1846)
· Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae (1982)
· Notulae Systematicae. (1947)
· Taxon (1980)
· Revised Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon (1983)
· Memoirs of the Science Society of China (1932)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Indrani, for example chemical composition, diet and recipes, health benefits, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

indrāṇī (इंद्राणी).—f (S) The wife of Indra. Pr. indra phiratō iṃ0 phirata nāhīṃ. 2 A shrub, Vitex negundo.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Indrāṇī (इन्द्राणी).—[indrasya patnī ānuk ṅīp P.IV.1.49.]

1) The wife of Indra; आजगाम सहेन्द्राण्या शक्रः सुरगणैर्वृतः (ājagāma sahendrāṇyā śakraḥ suragaṇairvṛtaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3. 14.13.

2) Name of Durgā, considered as one of the eight mothers or divine energies.

3) A kind of coitus.

4) Large cardamoms.

5) Name of a tree (nīlasiṃduvāra); also the plant निर्गुंडी (nirguṃḍī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Indrāṇī (इन्द्राणी).—f. (-ṇī) 1. The wife of Indra. 2. A plant, (Vitex negumdo:) see the preceding. E. indra, ṅīṣ affix, and ānuk augment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Indrāṇī (इन्द्राणी).—i. e. indra + ī, f. The wife of Indra, Mahābhārata 1, 7351.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Indrāṇī (इन्द्राणी).—[feminine] [Name] of Indra's wife.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Indrāṇī (इन्द्राणी):—[from indra] f. the wife of Indra, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā, [Harivaṃśa], (reckoned as one of the eight mothers [mātṛkā] or divine energies)

3) [v.s. ...] the pupil of the left eye (cf. indra), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] a kind of coitus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] the plant Vitex Negundo, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a species of Colocynth, [Nirukta, by Yāska]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Indrāṇī (इन्द्राणी):—(ṇī) 3. f. Idem. Indra’s wife.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Indrāṇī (इन्द्राणी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Iṃdāṇī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Indrani in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Indrani in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Indrani in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf) Lord Indra's spouse..—indrani (इंद्राणी) is alternatively transliterated as Iṃdrāṇī.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Iṃdrāṇi (ಇಂದ್ರಾಣಿ):—

1) [noun] (myth.) Śaci, wife of Indra, and one of the seven mother goddesses.

2) [noun] (myth.) Sarasvati, Goddess of knowledge.

3) [noun] (myth.) Durgā, the Goddess of power and Mother of the Universe.

4) [noun] (myth.) Rati, wife of Love-God.

5) [noun] (pl.) the five sense-organs in human body.

6) [noun] brightness; radiance; lustre; brilliance.

7) [noun] the plant Vitex negundo of Verbenaceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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