Inda, Iṃda, Imda: 5 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Inda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)

Iṃda (इंद) in Prakrit (= Indra in Sanskrit) is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—1) cf. Jauṇa., 2) cf. Śakra.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Inda - Given in the Atanatiya Sutta as the name of the ninety one sons of Dhatarattha, king of the Gandhabbas. They are represented as being of great strength and followers of the Buddha (D.iii.197).

The name is also given as that of the ninety one sons of Virulha, king of the Kumbhandas (D.iii.198); of Virupakkha, king of the Nagas (p.199); and of Kuvera, king of the Yakkhas (p.202). Further on in the same sutta, Inda is mentioned with Soma, Varuna and others as a Yakkha, to whom appeal should be made by disciples of the Buddha when needing protection (p.204).

In the Maha Samaya Sutta (D.ii.257f), also, Inda is mentioned as the name of the Sons of the Regent Gods of the Four Quarters.

2. Inda

The Pali equivalent of the Vedic Indra. He is referred to only very seldom in the Nikayas. In one such passage (D.i.244-5) he is mentioned with Soma, Varuna, Isana, Pajapati, Brahma, Mahiddi and Yama, as a god whom brahmins invoke and pray to, for union with Brahma after death. In another place, he is described as being seated in the company of Pajapati and other gods in the Assembly Hall, named Sudhamma. Two of his companions, having listened to the admonition of Gopaka, became disciples of the Buddha and, as a result, far surpassed in glory Inda and his other companion devas. In the same context, Vasava, ruler of the gods, identified with Sakka, is addressed by Gopaka as Indra. (Ibid., ii.274; in M.i.140; J.v.411 and vi.568, he is mentioned with Brahma and Pajapati; in J.iv.568, 571 is a list in which Inda appears with Brahma, Pajapati, Soma, Yama and Vessavana).

By the time of the compilation of the Nikayas, the hold of the Vedic god Indra on the mind of the people seems to have become greatly weakened and Indra has been merged in Sakka, although, strictly speaking, Indra and Sakka are quite different conceptions. (See Sakka).

In the later literature, however, particularly in the Jatakatthakatha, Indras name occurs frequently, but always as identified or identifiable with Sakka. In one place at least (J.v.115) the scholiast says, Sakko ti Indo.

In the Ayakuta Jataka (J.iii.146), for example, Indra is called king of the gods (devaraja) in one verse, and in the next he is identified with Maghava, husband of Suja, and described as devanam indo. Indra is most revered of the gods (Sn.vs.316). He is free from old age and death, and is, therefore, the happiest type of king (Sn.vs.515), a condition that could be attained by sacrifice (Sn.vs.517). Alone he conquered the Asuras (J.iv.347; he is therefore called Asurinda and Asuradhipa ; see Asura). He is spoken of, as the lord of victors (jayatam pati) (J.v.322), and he is the embodiment of the greatest valour (Mhv.xxx.10).

Sometimes he visits the earth in disguise (J.v.33).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume 4 (1896-97)

Inda II or Indra II, son of Kakka I, is the name of an ancient king from the Rāṣṭrakūṭa dynasty, as mentioned in the “Kaḍaba plates of Prabhūtavarṣa” (9th century A.D.). These copper-plates (mentioning Inda) were found at Kaḍaba, situated in the Tumkūr district of the Mysore State. It records that the king Prabhūtavarṣa, (i.e. Govinda III.) presented the village of Jālamaṅgala to the Jaina muni Arkakīrti, on behalf of the temple of Jinendra at Śilāgrāma. It is dated to the 24th May A.D. 812.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

inda : (m.) lord; king; the Vedic go Indra; the king of devas.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Inda, (Vedic indra, most likely to same root as indu moon, viz. *Idg. *eid to shine, cp. Lat. īdūs middle of month (after the full moon), Oir. ēsce moon. Jacobi in K. Z. XXXI. 316 sq. connects Indra with Lat. neriosus strong & Nero).—1. The Vedic god Indra D. I, 244; II, 261, 274; Sn. 310, 316, 679, 1024; Nd1 177.—2. lord, chief, king. Sakko devānaṃ indo D. I, 216, 217; II, 221, 275; S. I, 219. Vep’citti asurindo S. I, 221 ff. manussinda, S. I, 69, manujinda, Sn. 553, narinda, Sn. 863, all of the Buddha, “chief of men” ; cp. Vism. 491. (Europeans have found a strange difficulty in understanding the real relation of Sakka to Indra. The few references to Indra in the Nikāyas should be classed with the other fragments of Vedic mythology to be found in them. Sakka belongs only to the Buddhist mythology then being built up. He is not only quite different from Indra, but is the direct contrary of that blustering, drunken, god of war. See the passages collected in Dial. II. 294‹-› 298. The idiom sa-Indā devā, D. II, 261, 274; A. V, 325, means “the gods about Indra, Indra’s retinue” , this being a Vedic story. But Devā Tāvatiṃsā sahindakā means the T. gods together with their leader (D. II, 208—212; S. III, 90; cp. Vv 301) this being a Buddhist story).

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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