Abda, Ābda: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Abda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Abd.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Abda (अब्द):—Another name for Mustā (Cyperus rotundus), a species of medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda. The literal translation of Abda is “giving water”, but in a different context, it can refer to “a year” or “a cloud”.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Abda (अब्द) is another name for “Mustā” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning abda] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Abda (अब्द) refers to a “year”, according to the Guhyasūtra chapter 3.—Accordingly, “[...] One should recite the navātman one lakh times … for siddhi: one who [thus] observes such an excellent observance for a year (abda) or just six months attains lowest, middling or best siddhi. But if, while observing such a vrata, someone recites five lakh times, then [that mantra] succeeds [for him] (siddhyate), and all mantras succeed for him and he attains the fruits he desires. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abda (अब्द).—a. [apo dadāti, dā-ka; said in Uṇ 4.98 to be from aba; abatītyabdaḥ] Giving water.

-bdaḥ 1 A cloud.

2) A year (in this sense n. also) व्योम्नोऽब्दं भूतशाबल्यं भुवः पङ्कमपां मलम् (vyomno'bdaṃ bhūtaśābalyaṃ bhuvaḥ paṅkamapāṃ malam) Bhāgavata 1.24.34. अब्दमेकं चरेद्भक्तः (abdamekaṃ caredbhaktaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.17.74.

3) Name of a grass (mustā).

4) Name of a mountain. cf... अब्दो मेघे च दर्पणे । प्रभवादौ पर्वते च (abdo meghe ca darpaṇe | prabhavādau parvate ca) ...Nm.

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Ābda (आब्द).—n. (-bdī f.) [अब्द-अण् (abda-aṇ)] Belonging to, or produced from, a cloud.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abda (अब्द).—m.

(-bdaḥ) 1. A cloud. 2. A year. 3. A fragrant grass, (Cyperus rotundus.) 4. The name of a mountain. E. ap water, pa changed to ba, and da what gives; or aba to preserve, &c. and dan Unadi affix; hence the word is also written abda.

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Abda (अब्द).—m.

(-bdaḥ) 1. A cloud. 2. A year. E. ava to preserve, dan Unadi affix, see abda.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abda (अब्द).—i. e. ap-da (vb. ) m. 1. A cloud. 2. A year, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 291.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abda (अब्द).—[masculine] year (lit. giving water; cf. varṣa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abda (अब्द):—[=ab-da] [from ab-ja] mfn. giving water, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a year

3) [v.s. ...] a cloud, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya]

4) [v.s. ...] the grass Cyperus Rotundus

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a mountain, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Abdā (अब्दा):—[=ab-dā] [from ab-da > ab-ja] f. See abdayā below.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abda (अब्द):—[tatpurusha compound] 1. m. f. n.

(-bdaḥ-bdā-bdam) Giving water, giv-ing rain; the fem. instrum. abdayā is used in the Ṛgv. verse: marutaḥ…abdayā cinmuhurā hrādunīvṛtaḥ &c. in the sense of an adverb, viz. ‘in giving rain’, which in this passage becomes equivalent to a nom. plur. referring to marutaḥ, hence Sāyaṇa: = udakānāṃ dātāraḥ . śaso yājādeśaḥ.—For this vaidik use of the fem. instr. in an adverbial sense (i. e. in the sense of the acc. neuter) compare also sādhuyā = sādhu (Kāś. to Pāṇ. Vii. 1. 39.) and the use of the fem. acc. in -ām, esp. in -tarām and -tamām instead of -taram or -tamam, e. g. prataram or pratarām, kiṃtaram or kiṃtamām &c. (comp. Pāṇ. V. 4. 11. and 12). 2. m.

(-bdaḥ) 1) A cloud; e. g. in the Bhaṭṭik.: tataḥ kṣapāṭaiḥ pṛthupiṅgalākṣaiḥ khaṃ prāvṛṣeṇyairiva cānaśebdaiḥ.

2) A year; (comp. Śaṅkara on the Vedānta S. Iv. 3. 2.: vāyumabdādaviśeṣaviśeṣābhyām).

3) The name of a mountain.

4) The name of a grass (Cyperus rotundus); see mustaka; according to the Nighantaprakāśa, Cyperus pertenuis; see bhadramustaka or nāgaramustaka. E. ap and da, with the udātta on the first syllable; the Uṇṇādi S. however propose to derive the word from av ‘to protect’, uṇ. aff. dan, when the word would sound abda; and Nṛsiṃha's Swaramanjari pretends that it comes from ad ‘to eat’, with d changed to b, uṇ. aff. dan. [The Calc. and Petersb. edd. of Hemachandra's Abhidhānach. have (2. 73. or v. 159.) the incorrect reading abdam, as if the word were a neuter; an excellent Ms. of this portion, belonging to the R. A. S. has the correct form abdaḥ and the comm. of Vallabhagaṇi says nothing of the word being m. or n.].

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abda (अब्द):—(bdaḥ) 1. m. A cloud; a year.

2) (bdaḥ) 1. m. A cloud; a year.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Abda (अब्द) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Adda.

[Sanskrit to German]

Abda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Abda (अब्द) [Also spelled abd]:—(nm) an year; ~[kośa] a year book.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Abda (ಅಬ್ದ):—[noun] doubt a) a wavering of opinion or belief; lack of conviction; uncertainty; b) lack of trust or confidence.

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Abda (ಅಬ್ದ):—

1) [noun] that which gives water; the cloud.

2) [noun] a period of (usu.) 12 months; a year.

3) [noun] the plant Cyperus rotandus, the grass of which yields an essential oil.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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