Abda, Ābda: 12 definitions



Abda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Abd.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Abda (अब्द):—Another name for Mustā (Cyperus rotundus), a species of medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda. The literal translation of Abda is “giving water”, but in a different context, it can refer to “a year” or “a cloud”.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Abda (अब्द) is another name for “Mustā” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning abda] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abda (अब्द).—a. [apo dadāti, dā-ka; said in Uṇ 4.98 to be from aba; abatītyabdaḥ] Giving water.

-bdaḥ 1 A cloud.

2) A year (in this sense n. also) व्योम्नोऽब्दं भूतशाबल्यं भुवः पङ्कमपां मलम् (vyomno'bdaṃ bhūtaśābalyaṃ bhuvaḥ paṅkamapāṃ malam) Bhāg.1.24.34. अब्दमेकं चरेद्भक्तः (abdamekaṃ caredbhaktaḥ) Mb. 13.17.74.

3) Name of a grass (mustā).

4) Name of a mountain. cf... अब्दो मेघे च दर्पणे । प्रभवादौ पर्वते च (abdo meghe ca darpaṇe | prabhavādau parvate ca) ...Nm.

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Ābda (आब्द).—n. (-bdī f.) [अब्द-अण् (abda-aṇ)] Belonging to, or produced from, a cloud.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abda (अब्द).—m.

(-bdaḥ) 1. A cloud. 2. A year. 3. A fragrant grass, (Cyperus rotundus.) 4. The name of a mountain. E. ap water, pa changed to ba, and da what gives; or aba to preserve, &c. and dan Unadi affix; hence the word is also written abda.

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Abda (अब्द).—m.

(-bdaḥ) 1. A cloud. 2. A year. E. ava to preserve, dan Unadi affix, see abda.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abda (अब्द).—i. e. ap-da (vb. ) m. 1. A cloud. 2. A year, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 291.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abda (अब्द).—[masculine] year (lit. giving water; cf. varṣa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abda (अब्द):—[=ab-da] [from ab-ja] mfn. giving water, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a year

3) [v.s. ...] a cloud, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya]

4) [v.s. ...] the grass Cyperus Rotundus

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a mountain, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Abdā (अब्दा):—[=ab-dā] [from ab-da > ab-ja] f. See abdayā below.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abda (अब्द):—[tatpurusha compound] 1. m. f. n.

(-bdaḥ-bdā-bdam) Giving water, giv-ing rain; the fem. instrum. abdayā is used in the Ṛgv. verse: marutaḥ…abdayā cinmuhurā hrādunīvṛtaḥ &c. in the sense of an adverb, viz. ‘in giving rain’, which in this passage becomes equivalent to a nom. plur. referring to marutaḥ, hence Sāyaṇa: = udakānāṃ dātāraḥ . śaso yājādeśaḥ.—For this vaidik use of the fem. instr. in an adverbial sense (i. e. in the sense of the acc. neuter) compare also sādhuyā = sādhu (Kāś. to Pāṇ. Vii. 1. 39.) and the use of the fem. acc. in -ām, esp. in -tarām and -tamām instead of -taram or -tamam, e. g. prataram or pratarām, kiṃtaram or kiṃtamām &c. (comp. Pāṇ. V. 4. 11. and 12). 2. m.

(-bdaḥ) 1) A cloud; e. g. in the Bhaṭṭik.: tataḥ kṣapāṭaiḥ pṛthupiṅgalākṣaiḥ khaṃ prāvṛṣeṇyairiva cānaśebdaiḥ.

2) A year; (comp. Śaṅkara on the Vedānta S. Iv. 3. 2.: vāyumabdādaviśeṣaviśeṣābhyām).

3) The name of a mountain.

4) The name of a grass (Cyperus rotundus); see mustaka; according to the Nighantaprakāśa, Cyperus pertenuis; see bhadramustaka or nāgaramustaka. E. ap and da, with the udātta on the first syllable; the Uṇṇādi S. however propose to derive the word from av ‘to protect’, uṇ. aff. dan, when the word would sound abda; and Nṛsiṃha's Swaramanjari pretends that it comes from ad ‘to eat’, with d changed to b, uṇ. aff. dan. [The Calc. and Petersb. edd. of Hemachandra's Abhidhānach. have (2. 73. or v. 159.) the incorrect reading abdam, as if the word were a neuter; an excellent Ms. of this portion, belonging to the R. A. S. has the correct form abdaḥ and the comm. of Vallabhagaṇi says nothing of the word being m. or n.].

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abda (अब्द):—(bdaḥ) 1. m. A cloud; a year.

2) (bdaḥ) 1. m. A cloud; a year.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Abda (अब्द):—(2. ap + da) m.

1) Wolke [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 16, 91.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 4, 223.] [Medinīkoṣa d. 2.] —

2) Jahr [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 3, 20. 3, 4, 16, 91.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 159] [?(Nalopākhyāna, nach den Scholiast: Manu’s Gesetzbuch Nalopākhyāna). Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha Medinīkoṣa] sa.ūrabdo.ayavobhiḥ [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 12, 74.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 168. 8, 30. 9, 81. 11, 27. u.s.w.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 14.] [Indralokāgamana 3, 5.] [Brahmapurāṇa] in [Lassen’s Anthologie 57, 10.] abdalakṣaṇam [Weber’s Verzeichniss 258, 9.] Nimmt am Ende eines adj. comp. ka an: triṃśadabdakaḥ [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1220.] Vgl. varṣa . —

3) ein Riedgras, Cyperus hexastychyus communis Nees, [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Suśruta 2, 503, 21.] —

4) Nomen proprium eines Berges [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] — Wird auch avda geschrieben und von av abgeleitet [Die Uṇādi-Affixe 4, 100.]

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Abda (अब्द):—

2) caturabdā adj. f. [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 69.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Abda (अब्द):—m.

1) Jahr. Am Ende eines adj. Comp. f. ā. —

2) *Wolke [Bhaṭṭikāvya 2,30.] —

3) Cyperus_hexastachyus Nees.

4) *Nomen proprium eines Berges.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Abda (अब्द) [Also spelled abd]:—(nm) an year; ~[kośa] a year book.

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