Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

एतत् तु शल्यं प्रतियत्य पश्यतो ह्य् अध्यवसिता यत्र प्रजाः प्रसक्ताः ।
अहं करोमीति न तस्य हिंस्यात् परः करोतीति न तस्य हिंस्यात् ॥ ८ ॥

etat tu śalyaṃ pratiyatya paśyato hy adhyavasitā yatra prajāḥ prasaktāḥ |
ahaṃ karomīti na tasya hiṃsyāt paraḥ karotīti na tasya hiṃsyāt || 8 ||

The English translation of Verse 27.8 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (27.8). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Etad, Shalya, Prati, Yatya, Adhyavasita, Yatra, Praja, Prajas, Prasakta, Aha, Asmad, Iti, Tad, Himsya, Parah, Para, Karoti,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 27.8). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “etat tu śalyaṃ pratiyatya paśyato hy adhyavasitā yatra prajāḥ prasaktāḥ
  • etat -
  • etad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • śalyam -
  • śalya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śalya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śalyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    śal -> śalya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √śal class 10 verb]
    śal -> śalya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √śal class 10 verb], [accusative single from √śal class 10 verb]
  • prati -
  • prati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    prati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pratī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • yatya -
  • yatya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yatya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yat -> yatya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √yat]
    yat -> yatya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √yat class 10 verb]
    yat -> yatya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √yat class 10 verb]
  • paśyato* -
  • Cannot analyse hy*ad
  • adhyavasitā* -
  • adhyavasita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    adhyavasitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • yatra -
  • yatra (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yatra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yatra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • prajāḥ -
  • praja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    prajā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    prajas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • prasaktāḥ -
  • prasakta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    prasaktā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “ahaṃ karomīti na tasya hiṃsyāt paraḥ karotīti na tasya hiṃsyāt
  • aham -
  • aha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • karomī -
  • kṛ (verb class 8)
    [present active first single]
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tasya -
  • tas -> tasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tas]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    tas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • hiṃsyāt -
  • hiṃsya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    hiṃsya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    hiṃs -> hiṃsya (participle, masculine)
    [ablative single from √hiṃs class 1 verb], [ablative single from √hiṃs class 7 verb]
    hiṃs -> hiṃsya (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √hiṃs class 1 verb], [ablative single from √hiṃs class 7 verb]
    hiṃs (verb class 7)
    [optative active third single]
  • paraḥ -
  • paraḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    para (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • karotī -
  • karoti (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    karoti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    karoti (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [present active third single]
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tasya -
  • tas -> tasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tas]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    tas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • hiṃsyāt -
  • hiṃsya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    hiṃsya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    hiṃs -> hiṃsya (participle, masculine)
    [ablative single from √hiṃs class 1 verb], [ablative single from √hiṃs class 7 verb]
    hiṃs -> hiṃsya (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √hiṃs class 1 verb], [ablative single from √hiṃs class 7 verb]
    hiṃs (verb class 7)
    [optative active third single]
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