Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

ये तरन्त्य् आर्णवं नित्यं कोलं बद्ध्वा जनाः शुभम् ।
न ते तरन्ति सरितां तीर्णा मेधाविनो जनाः ॥ ७ ॥

ye taranty ārṇavaṃ nityaṃ kolaṃ baddhvā janāḥ śubham |
na te taranti saritāṃ tīrṇā medhāvino janāḥ || 7 ||

The English translation of Verse 17.7 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (17.7). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yah, Yat, Arnava, Nityam, Nitya, Kola, Jana, Shubha, Shubh, Tad, Yushmad, Taranti, Tarat, Sarit, Sarita, Tirna, Medhavin, Medhavi,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 17.7). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ye taranty ārṇavaṃ nityaṃ kolaṃ baddhvā janāḥ śubham
  • ye -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Cannot analyse taranty*ār
  • ārṇavam -
  • ārṇava (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ārṇava (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ārṇavā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    (verb class 5)
    [imperfect active first single]
  • nityam -
  • nityam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    nitya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nitya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nityā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • kolam -
  • kola (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kola (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kolā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • baddhvā -
  • bandh -> baddhvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √bandh]
    bandh -> baddhvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √bandh]
    bandh -> baddhvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √bandh]
  • janāḥ -
  • jana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    janā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • śubham -
  • śubha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śubha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śubhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    śubh (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “na te taranti saritāṃ tīrṇā medhāvino janāḥ
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • taranti -
  • tarantī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    tṝ -> tarat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √tṝ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √tṝ class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √tṝ class 1 verb]
    tṝ -> tarantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √tṝ class 1 verb]
    tṝ (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • saritām -
  • sarit (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
    saritā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • tīrṇā* -
  • tīrṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    tīrṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tṝ -> tīrṇa (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √tṝ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √tṝ class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √tṝ class 3 verb], [vocative plural from √tṝ class 3 verb], [nominative plural from √tṝ class 5 verb], [vocative plural from √tṝ class 5 verb], [nominative plural from √tṝ class 6 verb], [vocative plural from √tṝ class 6 verb]
    tṝ -> tīrṇā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √tṝ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √tṝ class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √tṝ class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √tṝ class 3 verb], [vocative plural from √tṝ class 3 verb], [accusative plural from √tṝ class 3 verb], [nominative plural from √tṝ class 5 verb], [vocative plural from √tṝ class 5 verb], [accusative plural from √tṝ class 5 verb], [nominative plural from √tṝ class 6 verb], [vocative plural from √tṝ class 6 verb], [accusative plural from √tṝ class 6 verb]
  • medhāvino* -
  • medhāvin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    medhāvin (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    medhāvī (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • janāḥ -
  • jana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    janā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
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