Tirna, Tīrṇa: 11 definitions


Tirna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Tīrṇa (तीर्ण) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., tīrṇa) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Tīrṇa (तीर्ण) refers to “crossing (the ocean)” (of one’s ambition), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.48 (“Description of Marriage of Śiva and Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “On hearing the words of his friends, Himavat urged by Brahmā gave his daughter to Śiva. ‘O lord Śiva, I am giving this girl, my daughter to you as your wife. O lord of all, be pleased to accept her’. Himavat gave his daughter Pārvatī, the mother of the three worlds, to Śiva the great, repeating the mantra ‘tasmai rudrāya mahate’. Placing the hand of Pārvatī in the hand of Śiva the mountain rejoiced much mentally. He had the satisfaction of crossing (tīrṇa-kāma) the ocean of his ambition. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tīrṇa (तीर्ण).—See under तॄ (tṝ).

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Tīrṇa (तीर्ण).—p. p. [tṝ-kta]

1) Crossed, passed over.

2) Spread, expanded.

3) Surpassed, excelled.

4) Gone down to bathe, bathed.

5) Defeated, conquered, overeome; see तॄ (tṝ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tīrṇa (तीर्ण).—mfn.

(-rṇaḥ-rṇā-rṇaṃ) 1. Crossed, passed over. 2. Spread, expanded. 3. Surpassed, excelled. E. tṝ to pass, affix kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tīrṇa (तीर्ण):—[from tīra] mfn. one who has crossed, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] (with [accusative], [v, 15, 23])

2) [v.s. ...] one who has gone over ([accusative]), [Raghuvaṃśa xiv, 6; Meghadūta 19]

3) [v.s. ...] one who has got through (grammar, vyākaraṇaṃ), [Bādarāyaṇa’s Brahma-sūtra iii, 2, 32 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

4) [v.s. ...] one who has escaped (with [ablative]), [Harivaṃśa 4066]

5) [v.s. ...] crossed, [Rāmāyaṇa vi; Śakuntalā vii, 33; Prabodha-candrodaya v etc.] (a [negative], ‘endless’ [Ṛg-veda viii, 79, 6])

6) [v.s. ...] spread, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] surpassed, [Horace H. Wilson]

8) [v.s. ...] fulfilled (a promise), [Rāmāyaṇa]

9) Tīrṇā (तीर्णा):—[from tīrṇa > tīra] f. a metre of 4 x 4 long syllables.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tīrṇa (तीर्ण):—[(rṇaḥ-rṇā-rṇaṃ) a.] Crossed; expanded.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Tīrṇa (तीर्ण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Tiṇṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tirna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Tirna in Hindi refers in English to:—(v) to float..—tirna (तिरना) is alternatively transliterated as Tiranā.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Tīrṇa (ತೀರ್ಣ):—

1) [adjective] passed or crossed over.

2) [adjective] flown or floated over.

3) [adjective] spread (over).

4) [adjective] stepped beyond; transgressed.

5) [adjective] accomplished; fulfilled.

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Tīrṇa (ತೀರ್ಣ):—[noun] that which is decided, adjudged, resolved.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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