Arnava, Arṇava: 24 definitions
Arnava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Arnav.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Arṇava (अर्णव).—(Arbuda, Wilson); a sacred place. (?)*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa VI. 8. 29.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Arṇava (अर्णव) refers to one of the eight kinds of daṇḍaka according to Kavikarṇapūra (C. 16th century) in his Vṛttamālā 61. Kavikarṇapūra was an exponent on Sanskrit metrics belongs to Kāmarūpa (modern Assam). Accordingly, “If there exist nine ra-s after two na-s, then it is Arṇava”.
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Vedanta (school of philosophy)Source: Google Books: Studies on the Moksopaya
Arṇava (अर्णव) refers to the “ocean”, according to the 10th century Mokṣopāya or Mokṣopāyaśāstra 6.182.13-17.—Accordingly, “With regard to each of [the three:] perceiver (draṣṭṛ), perception (darśana) and perceived objects (dṛśya), the state of mere knowledge is the essence; therefore there is not in the least a difference from it (i.e. knowledge), like a flower in space (is not different from space). (13) What is of the same kind becomes one. Therefore mutual perception [of things] determines their unity. (14) If wood, stones and other [material objects] did not have knowledge as their nature, then there would be a permanent non-perception of these, which would even be nonexistent. (15) When the whole beauty of perceptible objects has but one form of mere knowledge, then, whether it is different or identical, it becomes known through knowledge. (16) This whole [group of] perceptible objects in the world has expanded [as] mere knowledge, just as wind is mere movement and the ocean [i.e., arṇava] mere water [i.e., jala-mātra]. (17)”.
Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Arṇava (अर्णव) refers to the “ocean” (of the six planes), according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “(Jālandhara) is in the southern corner of (Kailāśa). It shines (like) the moon and has the moon’s radiant lustre. Its form is that of the city of the Half Moon. It has deep lakes and rivers full of waves. It contains the ocean of the six planes [i.e., ṣaṭpada-arṇava-saṃkula], and is fearsome (with the many great) waves that wash against its shores. That city of the Supreme Lord is on top of the lord of the principles. It is adorned with snow (white) moonstones and varied enclosing walls, archways, and palaces (aṭṭāla). It possesses many qualities and wonders. [...]”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
Arṇava (अर्णव) refers to the “ocean”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “We shall now proceed to give a brief description of (the qualifications of) a jyotiṣaka. [...] The predictions of one, who knows astronomy well, who is able to calculate the exact Lagna with such helps as the shadow, water and astronomical instruments and who is well-versed in horoscopy will never fail. Viṣṇugupta says—‘Flying with the speed of the wind, one might find it possible to cross to the ocean’s [i.e., arṇava] opposite shore; but a non-Ṛṣi can never, even mentally, reach the opposite shore of the vast ocean of Jvotiṣa-śāstra’.”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra
Arṇava (अर्णव) refers to an “ocean” (e.g., of blood), according to the Svacchanda-tantra.—Accordingly, [verse 4.13-16, while describing auspicious dreams]—“After [the dreamer] has seen these [images listed above], he is successful. Likewise, [success comes to those who] obtain the Earth and a [battle] wound. Victory in battle and crossing the battle field, which is an ocean of blood (kṣataja-arṇava) and blazes like a place of the departed [are auspicious]. [Someone who] commands heroes and persons who rule [with] victory [are fortunate signs]. [...]”.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes
Arṇava (अर्णव) refers to the “(six) oceans”, according to colophon 11 of the Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly, “This ends the great king of Yoginītantras named ‘Glorious Ocean of Ḍākas’, the king of Tantras, [which is] the same as the so-called ‘the First of the Six Oceans’ (ṣaḍ-arṇava), [namely] the first, the ‘Ocean of Ḍākas’, residing on the ‘Ocean of Yoga’, ‘[Ocean of] Gnosis’, ‘[Ocean of] Restraint’, ‘[Ocean of] Actions’, and ‘[Ocean of] Truth’”.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections
Arṇava (अर्णव) refers to a “(great) ocean” (of excellent virtues), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “This self itself is clearly a great ocean of excellent virtues (guṇaratna-mahā-arṇava). It is all-knowing, all-pervading, having all forms, supreme [and] pure”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Arṇava.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘four’. Note: arṇava is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
arṇava (अर्णव).—m S The ocean: also a sea.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
arṇava (अर्णव).—m The ocean, a sea.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Arṇava (अर्णव).—a. Being agitated, foaming, restless (Ved.); full of water (Sāy.); ततः समुद्रो अर्णवः (tataḥ samudro arṇavaḥ) Sandhyā; यात्येव यमुना पूर्णं समुद्रमुदकार्णवम् (yātyeva yamunā pūrṇaṃ samudramudakārṇavam) Rām.2.15.19.
-vaḥ [arṇāṃsi santi yasmin, arṇas-va salopaḥ P.V.2.19 Vārt.]
1) A stream, flood, wave.
2) The (foaming) sea, ocean; पराहतः शैल इवार्णवाम्बुभिः (parāhataḥ śaila ivārṇavāmbubhiḥ) Kirātārjunīya 14.1. (fig. also), Bhāgavata 4. 22.4; शोक° (śoka°) ocean of grief; so चिन्ता° (cintā°); जन° (jana°) ocean of men; संसारार्णवलङ्घनम् (saṃsārārṇavalaṅghanam) Bhartṛhari 3.1. &c. also नृणामेको गम्यस्त्वमसि पयसामर्णव इवशिवमहिम्रस्तोत्र (nṛṇāmeko gamyastvamasi payasāmarṇava ivaśivamahimrastotra) of पुष्पदन्ताचार्य (puṣpadantācārya).
3) The ocean of air.
4) Name of a metre.
5) Name of the sun or Indra (as givers of water).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Ārṇava (आर्णव).—adj. (perhaps = Pali aṇṇava as epithet of saraṃ, see Critical Pali Dictionary), of the ocean: °vaṃ saraḥ MPS 7.9; Udānavarga xvii.7.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-vaḥ) The ocean. E. arṇas water, va affix, and sa is dropped: the ṇa in this and similar words is optionally doubled, as arṇṇava, &c.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Arṇava (अर्णव).— (from arṇa, ved. by aff. va for vant), m. The ocean, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 9, 38.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Arṇava (अर्णव).—[adjective] waving, undulating, rising. [masculine] ([neuter]) = seq.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Arṇava (अर्णव) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[dharma] Oppert. Ii, 5160. See Kṛtyatattvārṇava, Smṛtimahārṇava.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Arṇava (अर्णव):—[from arṇa] mfn. agitated, foaming, restless, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Atharva-veda]
2) [v.s. ...] m. a wave, flood, [Ṛg-veda]
3) [v.s. ...] the foaming sea, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]
4) [v.s. ...] the ocean of air (sometimes personified as a demon with the epithet mahān or ta nayitnus), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]
5) [v.s. ...] mn. (as, rarely am [Mahābhārata xiii, 7362]) the sea
6) [v.s. ...] (hence) the number, ‘four’ [Sūryasiddhānta]
7) [v.s. ...] Name of two metres (cf. arṇa, m.), Name of [work] on jurisprudence.
8) Ārṇava (आर्णव):—mfn. come from the sea, [Naiṣadha-carita]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Arṇava (अर्णव):—(vaḥ) 1. m. The ocean.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Arṇava (अर्णव) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Aṇṇava.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Arṇava (अर्णव) [Also spelled arnav]:—(nm) a sea, an ocean.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] the vast body of water covering about two-thirds of the surface of the globe or any one of its principal divisions, the Antarctic, Atlantic, Arctic, Indian and Pacific Oceans.
2) [noun] (pros.) a meter, in which each of the four feet, has two ನಗಣ [nagana]s (each having 3 short syllables 'uuu') and nine ರಗಣ [ragana]s (each having two long and one short syllables ('-u-').
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Arnava (ಅರ್ನವ):—[noun] the vast body of water covering about two-thirds of the surface of the globe or any one of its principal divisions, the Antarctic, Atlantic, Arctic, Indian and Pacific Oceans.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+2): Arnavabhava, Arnavadvipa, Arnavaja, Arnavajata, Arnavamadhya, Arnavamala, Arnavamandira, Arnavanemi, Arnavanta, Arnavapati, Arnavapeta, Arnavapota, Arnavasa, Arnavasaridashrita, Arnavashakkari, Arnavataraka, Arnavaugha, Arnavavarnana, Arnavavarta, Arnavayana.
Ends with (+165): Adbhutarnava, Amritarnava, Anandarnava, Anupakautukarnava, Aparokshanubhutisudharnava, Aunadikapadarnava, Avyayarnava, Bhaktijayarnava, Bhaktirasarnava, Bhaktisudharnava, Bharatarnava, Bhasharnava, Bhavarnava, Bili punarnava, Candrakshirarnava, Caturarnava, Chandornava, Chhandornava, Cikitsamaharnava, Cikitsarnava.
Full-text (+28): Arnavayana, Aṇṇava, Arnavaja, Arnavamandira, Arnavapota, Maharnava, Jalarnava, Arnavanta, Janarnava, Arnavamala, Arnavapati, Arnavavarnana, Arnavashakkari, Arnavabhava, Arnavanemi, Arnavasaridashrita, Arnavapeta, Arnavodbhava, Arnavasa, Tripurarnava.
Search found 15 books and stories containing Arnava, Arṇava, Ārṇava; (plurals include: Arnavas, Arṇavas, Ārṇavas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 8.40.5 < [Sukta 40]
Rig Veda 3.53.9 < [Sukta 53]
Rig Veda 10.190.1 < [Sukta 190]
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 2.15.5 < [Chapter 15 - Description of Śrī Rādhā-Kṛṣṇa’s Falling in Love]
Verse 6.21.30 < [Chapter 21 - In the Description of the Third Fort, the Glories of Piṇḍāraka-tīrtha]
Verse 1.5.17 < [Chapter 5 - The Lord’s Appearance]
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Hari-bhakti-kalpa-latikā (by Sarasvati Thkura)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 2.1.159 < [Chapter 1 - Vairāgya (renunciation)]
Verse 2.1.194-195 < [Chapter 1 - Vairāgya (renunciation)]
Verse 2.2.178 < [Chapter 2 - Jñāna (knowledge)]
The Agni Purana (by N. Gangadharan)