Arnava, Arṇava: 16 definitions



Arnava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Arnav.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Arṇava (अर्णव).—(Arbuda, Wilson); a sacred place. (?)*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa VI. 8. 29.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Arṇava (अर्णव) refers to one of the eight kinds of daṇḍaka according to Kavikarṇapūra (C. 16th century) in his Vṛttamālā 61. Kavikarṇapūra was an exponent on Sanskrit metrics belongs to Kāmarūpa (modern Assam). Accordingly, “If there exist nine ra-s after two na-s, then it is Arṇava”.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Arṇava.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘four’. Note: arṇava is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

arṇava (अर्णव).—m S The ocean: also a sea.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

arṇava (अर्णव).—m The ocean, a sea.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Arṇava (अर्णव).—a. Being agitated, foaming, restless (Ved.); full of water (Sāy.); ततः समुद्रो अर्णवः (tataḥ samudro arṇavaḥ) Sandhyā; यात्येव यमुना पूर्णं समुद्रमुदकार्णवम् (yātyeva yamunā pūrṇaṃ samudramudakārṇavam) Rām.2.15.19.

-vaḥ [arṇāṃsi santi yasmin, arṇas-va salopaḥ P.V.2.19 Vārt.]

1) A stream, flood, wave.

2) The (foaming) sea, ocean; पराहतः शैल इवार्णवाम्बुभिः (parāhataḥ śaila ivārṇavāmbubhiḥ) Ki.14.1. (fig. also), Bhāg.4. 22.4; शोक° (śoka°) ocean of grief; so चिन्ता° (cintā°); जन° (jana°) ocean of men; संसारार्णवलङ्घनम् (saṃsārārṇavalaṅghanam) Bh.3.1. &c. also नृणामेको गम्यस्त्वमसि पयसामर्णव इवशिवमहिम्रस्तोत्र (nṛṇāmeko gamyastvamasi payasāmarṇava ivaśivamahimrastotra) of पुष्पदन्ताचार्य (puṣpadantācārya).

3) The ocean of air.

4) Name of a metre.

5) Name of the sun or Indra (as givers of water).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ārṇava (आर्णव).—adj. (perhaps = Pali aṇṇava as epithet of saraṃ, see Critical Pali Dictionary), of the ocean: °vaṃ saraḥ MPS 7.9; Udānavarga xvii.7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arṇava (अर्णव).—m.

(-vaḥ) The ocean. E. arṇas water, va affix, and sa is dropped: the ṇa in this and similar words is optionally doubled, as arṇṇava, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arṇava (अर्णव).— (from arṇa, ved. by aff. va for vant), m. The ocean, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 9, 38.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arṇava (अर्णव).—[adjective] waving, undulating, rising. [masculine] ([neuter]) = seq.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Arṇava (अर्णव) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[dharma] Oppert. Ii, 5160. See Kṛtyatattvārṇava, Smṛtimahārṇava.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Arṇava (अर्णव):—[from arṇa] mfn. agitated, foaming, restless, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Atharva-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a wave, flood, [Ṛg-veda]

3) [v.s. ...] the foaming sea, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

4) [v.s. ...] the ocean of air (sometimes personified as a demon with the epithet mahān or ta nayitnus), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

5) [v.s. ...] mn. (as, rarely am [Mahābhārata xiii, 7362]) the sea

6) [v.s. ...] (hence) the number, ‘four’ [Sūryasiddhānta]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of two metres (cf. arṇa, m.), Name of [work] on jurisprudence.

8) Ārṇava (आर्णव):—mfn. come from the sea, [Naiṣadha-carita]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arṇava (अर्णव):—(vaḥ) 1. m. The ocean.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Arṇava (अर्णव):—

--- OR ---

Arṇava (अर्णव):—

1) a) hierher vielleicht samudramudakārṇavam [Spr. 3426.] udakārṇavamityatrodakapadamadhikam Schol. —

2) b) bhavārṇava [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 22, 40.] neutr.: yena cchinnaṃ tattamaḥ (so die ed. Bomb.) pārtha ghoraṃ yattattiṣṭhatyarṇavaṃ tarjayānam [Mahābhārata 13, 7362.] Als Bez. der Zahl vier [Weber’s Indische Studien 8, 396.] Vgl. mahārṇava . — c) ein Metrum von 96 Silben [Weber’s Indische Studien 8, 107.] ein best. Daṇḍaka-Metrum [408. fgg.] — d) [Oxforder Handschriften 291,b, No. 707]; vgl. kṛtyatattvārṇava .

--- OR ---

Arṇava (अर्णव):—

2) b) als Bez. der Zahl vier (vgl. Nachträge) [Sūryasiddhānta 1, 29. 2, 21.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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