Shubh, Śubh: 5 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Shubh means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śubh can be transliterated into English as Subh or Shubh, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śubh (शुभ्).—I. 1 (śobhate)

1) To shine, be splendid, look beautiful or handsome; सुष्ठु शोभसे एतेन विनयमाहात्म्येन (suṣṭhu śobhase etena vinayamāhātmyena) U.1; R.8.6.

2) To appear to advantage; सुखं हि दुःखान्यनुभूय शोभते (sukhaṃ hi duḥkhānyanubhūya śobhate) Mk.1.1.

3) To suit, become, befit (with gen.); रामभद्र इत्येवोपचारः शोभते तातपरिजनस्य (rāmabhadra ityevopacāraḥ śobhate tātaparijanasya) U.1.

4) To be gay or happy.

5) To be victorious. -II. 6 P. (śubhati) To shine; L. D. B. -Caus. (śobhayati-te) To decorate, adorn, grace. -With परि, वि (pari, vi) to shine, look splendid.

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Śubh (शुभ्).—f. Ved.

1) Beauty, splendour.

2) Radiance, lustre.

3) Happiness.

4) Victory.

5) An ornament.

6) An auspicious offering.

7) Water.

8) A brilliant chariot.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śubh (शुभ्).—r. 1st cl. (śobhate) 1. To look beautiful. 2. To appear to advantage. 3. To shine. r. 6th cl. (śumbhati) 1. To hurt or injure, to kill. 2. To look beautiful. 3. To shine.

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Ṣubh (षुभ्).—r. 1st cl. (sobhati) r. 6th cl. (subhati) 1. To speak. 2. To shine. 3. To hurt or kill.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śubh (शुभ्).— (probably for original śvabh, cf. śudh; see also śumbh, s. v. 2. śubh), i. 1, [Ātmanepada.], i. 6, [Parasmaipada.] 1. To shine, Chr. 40. 9. 2. To be splendid, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 47, 17. 3. To be beautiful, Mahābhārata 4, 49. 4. To be gay or happy, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 226. 5. † To hurt, to kill Ved. infin. śubhe, Chr. 290, 4 = [Rigveda.] i. 64, 4. [Causal.] śobhaya, To cause to shine, to adorn, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 96, 31. Ved. [Causal.] śubhaya, Chr. 291, 3 = [Rigveda.] i. 85, 3. śobhita, Trimmed, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 27.

— With the prep. upa upa, To shine, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 85. [Causal.] To adorn, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 5, 16; [Pañcatantra] 159, 20.

— With vi vi, To shine, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 71.

— With sam sam, [Causal.] To adorn, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 6, 23.

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Śubh (शुभ्).—śumbh ŚUmbh, subh Subh, sumbh Sumbh, i. 1, [Parasmaipada.] 1. To speak, to shine. 2. To kill, to hurt.

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Subh (सुभ्).—sec 2. śubh.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śubh (शुभ्).—1. śumbh, śumbhate glide along, move onward.

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Śubh (शुभ्).—2. [feminine] gliding along, onward progress or course.

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Śubh (शुभ्).—3. śumbh, śobhate (ti); śumbhati, śumbhate (the nasalized forms more frequent in the Veda, the strong forms in l.l.) A. adorn, embellish, prepare, make ready; [Middle] adorn one’s self, or make one’s self ready, look beautiful, make a show, shine, glitter ([with] iva & yathā also look like, appear or seem to be). With na be unpleasant, look ugly. [Causative] śobhayati (cf. also 2 śubhay) adorn, embellish, cause to shine.

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Śubh (शुभ्).—4. [feminine] beauty, ornament, splendour.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śubh (शुभ्):—1. śubh (or 1. śumbh) [class] 1. [Ātmanepada] or [class] 6. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xviii, 11; xxviii, 33]) śobhate, śumbhati or śumbhati ([Epic] also śobhati, and [Vedic or Veda] śumbhate; 3. sg. śobhe, [Ṛg-veda]; [perfect tense] śuśobha, śuśubhe, [Mahābhārata] etc.; śuśumbha [grammar]; [Aorist], aśubhat, aśobhiṣṭa, aśumbhīt, [ib.]; p. śumbhāna, śubhāna, [Ṛg-veda]; [future] śobhitā or śumbhitā [grammar]; śobhiṣyati, [Mahābhārata]; śumbhiṣyati [grammar]; [infinitive mood] śubhe, śobhāse, [Ṛg-veda]; śobhitum [grammar]),

—to beautify, embellish, adorn, beautify one’s self. ([Ātmanepada]) look beautiful or handsome, shine, be bright or splendid;—(with iva or yathā, ‘to shine or look like’; with na, ‘to look bad, have a bad appearance, appear to disadvantage’), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.;

—to prepare, make fit or ready, ([Ātmanepada]) prepare one’s self, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda];

— (śumbhate [according to] to some)

—to flash or flit id est. glide rapidly past or along, [Ṛg-veda] (cf. śubhāna, śumbhamāna, and pra-√śumbh);

— (śumbhati) wrongly for śundhati (to be connected with √śudh, to purify), [Atharva-veda vi, 155, 3; xii, 2, 40 etc.];

— (śumbhati) to harm, injure, [Dhātupāṭha xi, 42] (in this sense rather to be regarded as a second √śumbh cf. √2. śumbh, ni-śumbh) :—[Passive voice] [Aorist] aśobhi-tarām, [Inscriptions] :—[Causal] śobhayati ([Aorist] aśūśubhat ; cf. śobhita),

—to cause to shine beautify, ornament, decorate, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.;

— (śubhayati, te) to ornament, decorate, ([Ātmanepada]) decorate one’s self, [Ṛg-veda; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa];

— (only [present participle] śubhayat), to fly rapidly along, [Ṛg-veda] :

—[Desiderative] śuśobhiṣate ([according to] to [grammar] also ti, and śuśubhiṣati, te), to wish to prepare or make ready, [Nirukta, by Yāska viii, 10] :

—[Intensive] śośubhyate ([grammar] also śośobdhi), to shine brightly or in tensely, be very splendid or beautiful, [Mahābhārata]

2) 2. śubh f. ([dative case] śubhe as [infinitive mood]) splendour, beauty, ornament, decoration, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa]

3) flashing or flitting past, gliding along, rapid course or flight, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā]

4) readiness (?), [Ṛg-veda]

5) Subh (सुभ्):—[class] 9. 6. [Parasmaipada] subhnāti, sumbhati, ([probably]) to smother (only [imperfect tense] asubhnan, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]; and [present participle] sumbhan, [Kāṭhaka]);—[class] 1. 6. [Parasmaipada] sobhati, subhati [varia lectio] for √śubh, [Dhātupāṭha xi, 42.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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