Susthira, Su-sthira: 12 definitions


Susthira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Susthira in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Susthira (सुस्थिर) refers to “sitting (steady)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.22 (“Description of Pārvatī’s penance”).—Accordingly, after Menā spoke to Pārvatī: “[...] In the summer she kept a perpetually blazing fire all round and remaining within continued muttering the mantra. In the rainy season she continuously remained sitting [i.e., susthira-āsana] on the bare ground on the rock and got herself drenched by the downpour of rain. During the winter, with great devotion she remained in water throughout. During snowfall and in the nights too she performed her penance observing fast”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Susthira in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Susthira (सुस्थिर) refers to “very steady”, according to the the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] In an isolated, solitary, clean and very beautiful place, [the Yogin] sits comfortably on a level seat and is supported a little from behind. His whole body is placed comfortably and he [remains] very steady (susthira-ātman) and very still. Having fixed his gaze [on an empty space] the measure of a straight arm’s length [in front], he should practice [thus]. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Susthira in India is the name of a plant defined with Cissampelos pareira in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Menispermum orbiculatum Thunb. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Flora Japonica (Thunberg) (1784)
· Plukenet, Leonard, 1642–1706,
· Hortus Bengalensis, or ‘a Catalogue of the Plants Growing in the Hounourable East India Company's Botanical Garden at Calcutta’ (1814)
· Systema Vegetabilium, ed. 14 (1784)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Regni Vegetabilis Systema Naturae (1817)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Susthira, for example extract dosage, side effects, pregnancy safety, health benefits, diet and recipes, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Susthira (सुस्थिर).—a.

1) stable.

2) resolute, cool.

Susthira is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and sthira (स्थिर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Susthira (सुस्थिर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Firm, steady, stable. 2. Resolute. 3. Cool. E. su well, sthira steady.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Susthira (सुस्थिर).—[adjective] well-established, firm, constant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Susthira (सुस्थिर):—[=su-sthira] [from su > su-saṃyata] mf(ā)n. very firm or steady, stable, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] resolute, cool, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) Susthirā (सुस्थिरा):—[=su-sthirā] [from su-sthira > su > su-saṃyata] f. a [particular] vein or artery, [Pañcarātra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Susthira (सुस्थिर):—[su-sthira] (raḥ-rā-raṃ) a. Firm, steady.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Susthira (सुस्थिर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sutthira.

[Sanskrit to German]

Susthira in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Susthira in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Susthira (सुस्थिर):—(a) well-poised, steady, stable; firm; well-established; hence ~[] (nf).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Susthira (ಸುಸ್ಥಿರ):—[adjective] being very much stable.

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Susthira (ಸುಸ್ಥಿರ):—[noun] he who is permanent; a man who is free from death, decay, etc.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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