Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

न ते कामा यानि चित्राणि लोके संकल्प रागः पुरुषस्य कामः ।
तिष्ठन्ति चित्राणि तथैव लोके अथात्र धीरा विनयन्ति च्छन्दम् ॥ ७ ॥

na te kāmā yāni citrāṇi loke saṃkalpa rāgaḥ puruṣasya kāmaḥ |
tiṣṭhanti citrāṇi tathaiva loke athātra dhīrā vinayanti cchandam || 7 ||

The English translation of Verse 2.7 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.7). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tad, Yushmad, Kama, Yani, Yat, Citra, Loka, Sankalpa, Raga, Purusha, Tishthat, Tishthanti, Tatha, Atha, Atra, Dhira, Vina, Ccha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 2.7). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “na te kāmā yāni citrāṇi loke saṃkalpa rāgaḥ puruṣasya kāmaḥ
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • kāmā* -
  • kāma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kāmā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • yāni -
  • yānī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
    (verb class 2)
    [imperative active first single]
  • citrāṇi -
  • citra (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • loke -
  • loka (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    lok (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • saṅkalpa -
  • saṅkalpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    saṅkalpa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rāgaḥ -
  • rāga (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • puruṣasya -
  • puruṣa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    puruṣa (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • kāmaḥ -
  • kāma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “tiṣṭhanti citrāṇi tathaiva loke athātra dhīrā vinayanti cchandam
  • tiṣṭhanti -
  • tiṣṭhantī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    tiṣṭhantī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    tiṣṭhantī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    sthā -> tiṣṭhat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √sthā class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √sthā class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √sthā class 1 verb]
    sthā -> tiṣṭhantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √sthā class 1 verb]
    sthā (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • citrāṇi -
  • citra (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • tathai -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tatha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • loke -
  • loka (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    lok (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • athā -
  • athā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    atha (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • atra -
  • atra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    atra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    atra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dhīrā* -
  • dhīra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    dhīrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vina -
  • vina (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vina (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yanti -
  • yanti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √i class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √i class 2 verb], [accusative plural from √i class 2 verb]
    i (verb class 2)
    [present active third plural]
  • cchan -
  • ccha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ccha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • dam -
  • da (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    da (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
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