Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 8.4

निवृत्य चैवाभिमुखस्तपोवनं भृशं जिहेषे करुणं मुहुर्मुहुः ।
क्षुधान्वितो ऽप्यध्वनि शष्पमम्बु वा यथा पुरा नाभिननन्द नाददे ॥ ४ ॥

nivṛtya caivābhimukhastapovanaṃ bhṛśaṃ jiheṣe karuṇaṃ muhurmuhuḥ |
kṣudhānvito 'pyadhvani śaṣpamambu vā yathā purā nābhinananda nādade || 4 ||

And turning round towards that ascetic-grove, he neighed repeatedly with a mournful sound; and though pressed with hunger, he welcomed not nor tasted any grass or water on the road, as before.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.4). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Abhimukha, Tapovana, Bhrisham, Bhrisha, Sha, Karunam, Karuna, Kshudhanvita, Api, Apya, Adhvan, Adhvani, Shashpa, Ambu, Var, Yatha, Pura, Nabh, Nabhi, Nananda, Nada,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 8.4). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “nivṛtya caivābhimukhastapovanaṃ bhṛśaṃ jiheṣe karuṇaṃ muhurmuhuḥ
  • nivṛtya -
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aivā -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • abhimukhas -
  • abhimukha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tapovanam -
  • tapovana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tapovanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • bhṛśam -
  • bhṛśam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    bhṛśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhṛśa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bhṛśā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • jihe -
  • (verb class 3)
    [present middle first single]
  • ṣe -
  • ṣa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ṣa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    ṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • karuṇam -
  • karuṇam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    karuṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    karuṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    karuṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Cannot analyse muhurmuhuḥ
  • Line 2: “kṣudhānvito 'pyadhvani śaṣpamambu yathā purā nābhinananda nādade
  • kṣudhānvito' -
  • kṣudhānvita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • apya -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    apya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • adhvani -
  • adhvani (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    adhvani (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    adhvani (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    adhvan (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • śaṣpam -
  • śaṣpa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ambu -
  • ambu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ambu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ambu (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • vā* -
  • vār (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    vār (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    va (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • purā* -
  • pura (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    purā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • nābhi -
  • nābhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    nābhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    nābhī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    nābhī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    nābhī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    nābh (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • nananda -
  • nananda (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nananda (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nand (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
  • nāda -
  • nāda (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • de -
  • da (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    da (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 8.4

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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