Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 7.8

लेखर्षभस्येव वपुर्द्वितीयं धामेव लोकस्य चराचरस्य ।
स द्योतयामास वनं हि कृत्स्नं यदृच्छया सूर्य इवावतीर्णः ॥ ८ ॥

lekharṣabhasyeva vapurdvitīyaṃ dhāmeva lokasya carācarasya |
sa dyotayāmāsa vanaṃ hi kṛtsnaṃ yadṛcchayā sūrya ivāvatīrṇaḥ || 8 ||

Like a second form of the lord of the gods, like the personified glory of the universe, he lighted up the entire wood like the sun come down of his own accord.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.8). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Lekharshabha, Iva, Vapu, Vapus, Dvitiyam, Dvitiya, Dhama, Dhaman, Loka, Caracara, Dyota, Amasa, Vana, Kritsna, Yadriccha, Suri, Surya, Avatirna,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 7.8). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “lekharṣabhasyeva vapurdvitīyaṃ dhāmeva lokasya carācarasya
  • lekharṣabhasye -
  • lekharṣabha (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • vapur -
  • vapus (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    vapus (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vapu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    vapu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dvitīyam -
  • dvitīyam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    dvitīya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dvitīya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dvitīyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • dhāme -
  • dhāma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    dhāma (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    dhāman (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    dhāman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    dhāmā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    dhā (verb class 2)
    [imperative active first plural]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • lokasya -
  • loka (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • carācarasya -
  • carācara (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    carācara (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • Line 2: “sa dyotayāmāsa vanaṃ hi kṛtsnaṃ yadṛcchayā sūrya ivāvatīrṇaḥ
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dyotayā -
  • dyotā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • amāsa -
  • amāsa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    amāsa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vanam -
  • vana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • kṛtsnam -
  • kṛtsna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kṛtsna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kṛtsnā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • yadṛcchayā -
  • yadṛcchā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • sūrya* -
  • sūrī (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    sūrya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    sūr -> sūrya (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √sūr class 4 verb], [nominative single from √sūr class 10 verb]
  • ivā -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • avatīrṇaḥ -
  • avatīrṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 7.8

Cover of edition (2003)

The Buddha-Carita By Asvaghosa or Acts of Buddha
by E. B. Cowell (2003)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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