Dhaman, Dhāman: 12 definitions


Dhaman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Dhāman (धामन्) refers to “temple, chapel § 4.2.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dhāman (धामन्) refers to “abode” (viz., of Śiva), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.20. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] with these, his wife and his attendants Śiva reached his abode (dhāman) in the beauteous surroundings of the Himālayas with very great delight. After reaching his abode Śiva honoured the Devas and the great sages and then bade farewell to them with respect. Taking leave of Śiva eulogising and bowing to Him, Viṣṇu, as also the Gods and sages with joyful beaming faces returned to their respective abodes (dhāman)”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Dhāman (धामन्) denotes in the Rigveda and later ‘dwelling’ and ‘house’, or sometimes its inmates. The word is also found in the sense of ‘ordinance’, ‘ law’, expressing much the same as Dharman, especially in conjunction with Ṛta, ‘eternal order’. Hillebrandt sees in one passage the sense of Nakṣatra.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhāman (धामन्).—n. [dhā-manin]

1) A dwelling-place, abode, residence, house; तुरासाहं पुरोधाय धाम स्वायंभुवं ययुः (turāsāhaṃ purodhāya dhāma svāyaṃbhuvaṃ yayuḥ) Ku.2. 1,44; पुण्यं यायास्त्रिभुवनगुरोर्धाम चण्डीश्वरस्य (puṇyaṃ yāyāstribhuvanagurordhāma caṇḍīśvarasya) Me.33; Bg.8.21; Bh.1.35; पतत्यधो धाम विसारि सर्वतः किमेतदित्याकुलमीक्षितं जनैः (patatyadho dhāma visāri sarvataḥ kimetadityākulamīkṣitaṃ janaiḥ) Śi.1.2.

2) A place, site, resort; श्रियो धाम (śriyo dhāma); भूतैः स्वधामभिः पश्येदप्रविष्टं प्रविष्टवत् (bhūtaiḥ svadhāmabhiḥ paśyedapraviṣṭaṃ praviṣṭavat) Bhāg.7.12.15.

3) The inmates of a house, members of a family.

4) A ray of light; धाम्ना- तिशाययति धाम सहस्रधाम्नः (dhāmnā- tiśāyayati dhāma sahasradhāmnaḥ) Mu.3.17; Śi.9.53.

5) Light, lustre, splender; Mu.3.17; Ki.2.2,55,59;1.6; Amaru.86; R.6.6;18.22

6) Majestic lustre, majesty, glory, dignity; गां गतस्य तव धाम वैष्णवं कोपितो ह्यसि मया दिदृक्षुणा (gāṃ gatasya tava dhāma vaiṣṇavaṃ kopito hyasi mayā didṛkṣuṇā) R.11.85.

7) Power, strength, energy (pratāpa); सहते न जनोऽप्यधःक्रियां किमु लोकाधिकधाम राजकम् (sahate na jano'pyadhaḥkriyāṃ kimu lokādhikadhāma rājakam) Ki.2.47.

8) Birth.

9) The body.

1) A troop, host.

11) State, condition; Prab.1.3.

12) A class.

13) Ved. Law, rule.

14) Ved. Property, wealth.

15) A fetter.

16) Fashion, mode, manner, form, appearance; स बिभ्रत्पौरुषं धाम भ्राजमानो यथा रविः (sa bibhratpauruṣaṃ dhāma bhrājamāno yathā raviḥ) Bhāg.1.2.17.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhāman (धामन्).—n.

(-maḥ) 1. The body. 2. A house, a dwelling. 3. Dignity, consequence, eminence. 4. Spirit, pride, especially martial pride, heroism. 5. Light, splendour, radiance. 6. A ray of light. 7. A place, a spot, a country. 8. Birth. E. dhā to coutain, (life, a tenant, &c.) and manin aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhāman (धामन्).—[dhā + man], n. 1. An abode, Mahābhārata 1, 3602. 2. State, [Prabodhacandrodaya, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 17, 15. 3. A host, Chr. 292, 11, and 293, 6 = [Rigveda.] i. 85, 11; 87, 6. 4. Dignity, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 11, 85. 5. Light, splendour, [Prabodhacandrodaya, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 26, 8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhāman (धामन्).—[neuter] seat, home, residence, realm (of the gods); wont or favourite place, thing, or person; inmates, family, troop, host (also [plural]); law, rule; custom, rite, manner; strength, power, majesty, splendour (also [plural]); [Name] of a Ṛṣi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dhāman (धामन्):—[from dhā] n. dwelling-place, house, abode, domain, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. ([especially] seat of the gods cf. madhyamaṃ dhāma viṣṇoḥ, [Śakuntalā [Pi. iv, 5]]; site of the sacred fire and the Soma, [Ṛg-veda] etc.; with priyam, favourite residence, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa])

2) [v.s. ...] favourite thing or person, delight, pleasure, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Atharva-veda; Brāhmaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] the inmates of a house or members of a family, class, troop, band, host (also [plural]), [Ṛg-veda] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] law, rule, established order ([especially] of Mitra-Varuṇa), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

5) [v.s. ...] state, condition, [Prabodha-candrodaya i, 30]

6) [v.s. ...] manner, mode, tone, form, appearance ([especially] in sacrifice, song etc.), [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

7) [v.s. ...] effect, power, strength, majesty, glory, splendour, light, [Ṛg-veda] etc., [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Purāṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] [according to] to some in [Ṛg-veda] also = muhūrta, ‘an hour’.

9) [v.s. ...] m. Name of one of the 7 Ṛṣis of the 4th Manv-antara ([varia lectio] dhātṛ), [Harivaṃśa]

10) [v.s. ...] cf. [Greek] θημον in εὐ-θήμων; θαμά, θωμός etc.; [Latin] fam-ulus; [Anglo-Saxon] dôm; [Gothic] domas; [German] tuom and [suffix] -tum.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhāman (धामन्):—(ma) 5. n. The body; a house; dignity; pride; heroism; ray of light; place; birth.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dhāman (धामन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Dhāma.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dhaman in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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