Mahavastu [sanskrit verses and english]

by Émile Senart | 1882 | 56,574 words

This is the Sanskrit Mahavastu: a lengthy work on Buddhist teachings and narratives belonging to the school of early Buddhism (Mahasanghika). This edition only includes those metrical verses occuring in the various stories and Jatakas, as well as the corresponding English translation by J. J. Jones.

Verse 8.18

आधर्षिता च वधबन्धनताडनेभ्यो रौद्रैर् नरैर् अशुभकर्मम् अतिप्रवणैः ।
तान् एव दृष्ट्व परमार्दवमैत्रचित्ता श्लक्ष्णाभि वाग्भिर् अनघाः समुदाचरन्ति ॥ १८ ॥

ādharṣitā ca vadhabandhanatāḍanebhyo raudrair narair aśubhakarmam atipravaṇaiḥ |
tān eva dṛṣṭva paramārdavamaitracittā ślakṣṇābhi vāgbhir anaghāḥ samudācaranti || 18 ||

Though they are sentenced to be flogged, bound and scourged by violent men whose minds are bent on foul deeds, they regard these men with hearts full of meekness and friendliness, and, innocent though they are, speak to them with gentle words. (18)

English translation by J. J. Jones (1949) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.18). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Adharshita, Vadhabandha, Nat, Nata, Idam, Raudra, Nara, Ashubhakarma, Ati, Pravana, Eva, Parama, Vama, Etri, Acitta, Shlakshna, Abhi, Vac, Anagha, Samud, Samuda, Acarat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahavastu Verse 8.18). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ādharṣitā ca vadhabandhanatāḍanebhyo raudrair narair aśubhakarmam atipravaṇaiḥ
  • ādharṣitā -
  • ādharṣitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vadhabandha -
  • vadhabandha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • natā -
  • nata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nat (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    nat (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    natā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    nam -> nata (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √nam class 1 verb]
    nam -> nata (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √nam class 1 verb]
    nam -> natā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √nam class 1 verb]
  • āḍan -
  • aḍ (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third plural]
  • ebhyo* -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
    e (noun, masculine)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
  • raudrair -
  • raudra (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    raudra (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • narair -
  • nara (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    nara (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • aśubhakarmam -
  • aśubhakarma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    aśubhakarma (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    aśubhakarman (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    aśubhakarman (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
  • ati -
  • ati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    ati (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • pravaṇaiḥ -
  • pravaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • Line 2: “tān eva dṛṣṭva paramārdavamaitracittā ślakṣṇābhi vāgbhir anaghāḥ samudācaranti
  • tān -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Cannot analyse dṛṣṭva*pa
  • paramā -
  • parama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    parama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    paramā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • arda -
  • ard (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
    ard (verb class 6)
    [imperative active second single]
  • vamai -
  • vama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vam (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • etra -
  • etṛ (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    etṛ (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • acittā -
  • acittā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ślakṣṇā -
  • ślakṣṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ślakṣṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ślakṣṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • abhi -
  • abhi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    abhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    abhī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • vāgbhir -
  • vāc (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • anaghāḥ -
  • anagha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    anaghā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • samudā -
  • samud (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    samud (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    samudā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • acaranti -
  • acarat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
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