Acitta: 11 definitions


Acitta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Achitta.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Acitta (अचित्त) refers to “non-thought”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then, the Lord went on to speak these verses: ‘[...] (63) Strive for awakening (bodhi) freed from false view (darśana), and for essential nature (svabhāva) which is like an illusion (māya) and mirage (marīci). Strive to attain non-thought (acitta), even though the thought does not exist in reality, and to teach unchanging dharmas.. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Jaina Yoga

Acitta (अचित्त) refers to “inanimate objects” (e.g., gold, silver), and represents classification of things that can be stolen (steya, caurya), according to Umāsvāti’s Śrāvaka-prajñapti 265 and Haribhadra’s commentary on the Āvaśyaka-sūtra p. 822b. It is related to the Asteya-vrata (vow of not stealing).

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living

Acitta (अचित्त, “non living beings”) refers to a category of yoni (nuclei), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.32.—The place of birth of a living being is called nucleus (nuclei is the plural). The nucleus is like a container. There are nine nuclei (yoni), eg., acitta. What is the meaning of living and non living nuclei? Living nucleus means nucleus which has life in it and non living nuclei are the nuclei which is just matter and does not have life in it.

The living nucleus (sacitta) is of the living beings with common body (sādhāraṇa); the non living nuclei (acitta) is for two to four sensed living beings with maimed senses and the mixed nuclei is for living beings born out of the womb /uterus.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Acitta (अचित्त).—a.

1) Inconceivable.

2) [nāsti cittaṃ yasya] Destitute of intellect, senseless, stupid.

3) Unnoticed, unexpected, not thought of.

4) Without consciousness, inanimate, nonsentient. P.IV.2.47.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Acitta (अचित्त).—[adjective] unconceived, inconceivable.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Acitta (अचित्त):—[=a-citta] [from a-cit] mfn. unnoticed, unexpected

2) [v.s. ...] not an object of thought

3) [v.s. ...] inconceivable, [Ṛg-veda]

4) [v.s. ...] destitute of intellect or sense.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Acitta (अचित्त):—m. f. n.

(-ttaḥ-ttā-ttam) I. [tatpurusha compound]

1) Not thought, inconceivable.

2) Unperceived, not expected. E. a neg. and citta (thought). Ii. [bahuvrihi compound] Without intellect, insensible, inanimate. E. a priv. and citta (intellect).

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Acitta (अचित्त) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Acitta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Acitta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Acitta (अचित्त) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Acitta.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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