Historical Elements in the Matsya Purana

by Chaitali Kadia | 2021 | 91,183 words

This page relates ‘Lineages of Vishvamitra’ of the study on the historical elements of the Matsya-purana: one of the eighteen Mahapuranas which are Sanskrit texts that have preserved the cultural heritage, philosophy, religion, geography, etc of ancient India. This Matsyapurana was originally written in 20,000 verses and deals with topics such as architecture, ancient history, polity, religion and philosophy.

Atri’s son was Soma. In Soma’s dynasty Viśvāmitra was born. Vaisvāmitra (Madhucchandā). Devarat, Vaikṛti, Gālava, Vataṇḍa, Śalanka, Abhaya, Āyatāyana, Śyāmāyana, Yājñvalkya, Jābāla, Saindhavāyana, Vābhravya, Karīṣa, Sanśrutya, Sanśruta, Ulūpa, Oupahāva, Payoda, Janapadapa, Kharabāca, Halayama, Sādhita and Vāstukauśika–among those born in the linearge of all these sages, Viśvāmitra, Devarat and Mahayaśaṣvi Uddāla–these three sages are considered as Pravara . There was no inter-marriage between them. Devaśravā, Sujateya, Saumuka, Kārukāyaṇa, Vaideharāta and Kusika–among all these Maharṣi’s lineages, Devasravā, Devarata and Viśvāmitra–these three were considered as Pravara . Mutual marriage was prohibited among these descendants. Dhananjaya, Kapardeya, Parikūla and Pāṇini–among his lineages, Viśvāmitra, Dhananjaya and Mādhucehandasa–these three were considered to be superior. The descendants of these thre sages also did not have mutual marriages.

Kāmalāyanija, Aśmarathya and Vañjuli were considered to be the three pravara of the sages Viśvāmitra, Aśmarathya and Vañjuli. Mutual marriage was also prohibited in these. Viśvāmitra Lohita, Aṣṭaka and Pūraṇa–they were all considered in Viśvāmitra and Pūraṇa Pravara . Mutual marriage was prohibited in these. Pūraṇa, Lohita and Aṣṭaka were in the Viśvāmitra, Lohita and Aṣṭaka Pravara . In these the Aṣṭaka dynasty did not intermarry with the Lohita dynasty. Udumbara, Saiṣiriti, Trākṣāyani, Śātyāyaṇi, Karīrāśi, Śalankāyan, Lāvaki and Mauñjayani–these sages were in the Pravara of Khilikhili, Vidya and Viśvāmitra. The descendants of these sages also did not have mutual marriage.[1]

Footnotes and references:


Matsya Purāṇa, Ch.–198 Chapter

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