Karisha, Karīṣa, Karīsa, Karisa, Kārīṣa: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Karisha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Karīṣa and Kārīṣa can be transliterated into English as Karisa or Karisha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Karīṣa (करीष) refers to “dry cowdung”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.250)

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kārīṣa (कारीष).—A son of Viśvāmitra. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 55).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Karīṣa (करीष).—Trayārṣeya.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 198. 4.

2) Kārīṣa (कारीष).—Of Kauśika gotra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 66. 71.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Karīṣa (करीष, “excrement ”) (Pali, Karīsa) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., karīṣa]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Karīṣa.—(IA 9), name of a land measure. Note: karīṣa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Karisha in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

karīsa : (nt.) dung; excrement; a square measure of land (which may be nearly an acre).

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Karīsa, 2 (nt.) (cp. Sk. karīṣa, to chṛṇatti to vomit, cp. Lat.—cerda in mūscerda, sūcerda) refuse, filth, excrement, dung D. II, 293; J. I, 5; Vism. 259, 358 (in detail); PvA. 87, 258; KhA 59; mutta° urine and fæces A. I, 139; Sn. 835.

—magga the anus J. IV, 327;—vāca (nt.) a cesspool J. III, 263 (=gūthakūpa);—vāyin, f. °inī diffusing an odour of excrement PvA. 87. (Page 196)

2) Karīsa, 1 (nt.) a square measure of land, being that space on which a karīsa of seed can be sown (Tamil karīsa), see Rhys Davids, Ancient Coins and Measures of Ceylon, p. 18; J. I, 94, 212; IV, 233, 276; VvA. 64. (Page 196)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karīṣa (करीष).—[kṝ-īṣan Uṇādi-sūtra 4.26] Dry cow-dung; Manusmṛti 8.25.

Derivable forms: karīṣaḥ (करीषः), karīṣam (करीषम्).

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Kārīṣa (कारीष).—[karīṣāṇāṃ samūhaḥ aṇ] A heap of dried cowdung; -a. Poduced from dried cow-dung; कारीषोग्निरध्यापयति (kārīṣogniradhyāpayati) Mahābhārata on P.III.1.26.

Derivable forms: kārīṣam (कारीषम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karīṣa (करीष).—mn.

(-ṣaḥ-ṣaṃ) Dry cowdung. E. kṝ to throw, send, &c. and īṣan Unadi aff.

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Kārīṣa (कारीष).—n.

(-ṣaṃ) A great quantity of dried cow-dung. E. karīṣa, and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karīṣa (करीष).—i. e. kṛ10 + īṣa, m. and n. 1. Dry dung, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 100, 7; 3, 3, 2. 2. Dry cow-dung, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 250.

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Kārīṣa (कारीष).—i. e. karīṣa + a, I. adj. Sprung up from dung, [Suśruta] 1, 224, 11. Ii. n. A great quantity of dung, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 4355.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karīṣa (करीष).—[neuter] rubbish, dung, [especially] dry cow-dung.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Karīṣa (करीष):—mn. (√1. kṝ, [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 26]), rubbish, refuse

2) dung, dry cow-dung, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa ii; Manu-smṛti viii, 250; Rāmāyaṇa etc.]

3) Name of a mountain.

4) Kārīṣa (कारीष):—mfn. ([from] kar), produced from or coming from dung, [Suśruta]

5) n. a heap of dung, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) ([Harivaṃśa 4355] misprinted for kar.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Karīṣa (करीष):—[(ṣaḥ-ṣaṃ)] 1. m. n. Dry cowdung.

2) Kārīṣa (कारीष):—(ṣaṃ) 1. n. A great quantity of dried cow-dung.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Karīṣa (करीष) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Karīsa, Kārīsa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Karisha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Karisa (करिस) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Karṣa.

2) Karīsa (करीस) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Karīṣa.

3) Kārīsa (कारीस) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kārīṣa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kariṣa (ಕರಿಷ):—[noun] = ಕರಿಸ [karisa].

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Karisa (ಕರಿಸ):—[noun] the red fluid, containing various suspended cells, circulating in the arteries and veins of the higher animals; blood.

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Karīṣa (ಕರೀಷ):—[noun] dry cow-dung.

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Kārīṣa (ಕಾರೀಷ):—[noun] a heap of dried cow-dung.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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