Karisha, aka: Karīṣa, Karīsa, Karisa, Kārīṣa; 9 Definition(s)


Karisha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Karīṣa and Kārīṣa can be transliterated into English as Karisa or Karisha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Karīṣa (करीष) refers to “dry cowdung”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.250)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Karisha in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kārīṣa (कारीष).—A son of Viśvāmitra. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 55).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1) Karīṣa (करीष).—Trayārṣeya.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 198. 4.

2) Kārīṣa (कारीष).—Of Kauśika gotra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 66. 71.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Karīṣa (करीष, “excrement ”) (Pali, Karīsa) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., karīṣa]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

Karīṣa.—(IA 9), name of a land measure. Note: karīṣa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Karisha in Pali glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

karīsa : (nt.) dung; excrement; a square measure of land (which may be nearly an acre).

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Karīsa, 2 (nt.) (cp. Sk. karīṣa, to chṛṇatti to vomit, cp. Lat.—cerda in mūscerda, sūcerda) refuse, filth, excrement, dung D. II, 293; J. I, 5; Vism. 259, 358 (in detail); PvA. 87, 258; KhA 59; mutta° urine and fæces A. I, 139; Sn. 835.

—magga the anus J. IV, 327;—vāca (nt.) a cesspool J. III, 263 (=gūthakūpa);—vāyin, f. °inī diffusing an odour of excrement PvA. 87. (Page 196)

2) Karīsa, 1 (nt.) a square measure of land, being that space on which a karīsa of seed can be sown (Tamil karīsa), see Rhys Davids, Ancient Coins and Measures of Ceylon, p. 18; J. I, 94, 212; IV, 233, 276; VvA. 64. (Page 196)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karīṣa (करीष).—[kṝ-īṣan Uṇ.4.26] Dry cow-dung; Ms.8.25.

Derivable forms: karīṣaḥ (करीषः), karīṣam (करीषम्).

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Kārīṣa (कारीष).—[karīṣāṇāṃ samūhaḥ aṇ] A heap of dried cowdung; -a. Poduced from dried cow-dung; कारीषोग्निरध्यापयति (kārīṣogniradhyāpayati) Mbh. on P.III.1.26.

Derivable forms: kārīṣam (कारीषम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karīṣa (करीष).—mn.

(-ṣaḥ-ṣaṃ) Dry cowdung. E. kṝ to throw, send, &c. and īṣan Unadi aff.

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Kārīṣa (कारीष).—n.

(-ṣaṃ) A great quantity of dried cow-dung. E. karīṣa, and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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