Panchatantra [sanskrit]

by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha | 2016 | 13,828 words | ISBN-13: 9788193077962

The Sanskrit edition of the Panchatantra referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Vishnu Sharma and possibly dating as early as 1200 BCE, the Panchatantra (or Pancatantra) represents a collection of short stories teaching basic ethical values and moral conduct that was commonly practiced in ancient Indian. Alternative titles: Śrīviṣṇuśarman Pañcatantra (श्रीविष्णुशर्मन् पञ्चतन्त्र, Śrī-viṣṇuśarman pancatantra, श्री-विष्णुशर्मन्, Sri-visnusarman)

Verse 0.3

अजात-मृत-मूर्खेभ्यो मृताजातौ सुतौ वरम् ।
यतस् तौ स्वल्प-दुःखाय यावज्-जीवं जडो दहेत् ॥ ३ ॥

ajāta-mṛta-mūrkhebhyo mṛtājātau sutau varam |
yatas tau svalpa-duḥkhāya yāvaj-jīvaṃ jaḍo dahet || 3 ||

The English translation of Panchatantra Verse 0.3 is contained in the book The Complete Pancatantra: Sanskrit Text with English Translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha (2016)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (0.3). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ajata, Mrita, Murkha, Ajati, Sut, Suta, Suti, Varam, Vara, Yatah, Yat, Yata, Svalpa, Duhkha, Jiva, Jada,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Panchatantra Verse 0.3). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ajāta-mṛta-mūrkhebhyo mṛtājātau sutau varam
  • ajāta -
  • ajāta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ajāta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mṛta -
  • mṛta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    mṛta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    mṛ -> mṛta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √mṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √mṛ class 6 verb]
    mṛ -> mṛta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √mṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √mṛ class 6 verb]
  • mūrkhebhyo* -
  • mūrkha (noun, masculine)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
    mūrkha (noun, neuter)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
  • mṛtā -
  • mṛta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    mṛta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    mṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    mṛ -> mṛta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √mṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √mṛ class 6 verb]
    mṛ -> mṛta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √mṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √mṛ class 6 verb]
    mṛ -> mṛtā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √mṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √mṛ class 6 verb]
  • ajātau -
  • ajāta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ajāti (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • sutau -
  • sut (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    suta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    suti (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    su -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative dual from √su class 5 verb], [vocative dual from √su class 5 verb], [accusative dual from √su class 5 verb]
    -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative dual from √ class 6 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 6 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 6 verb]
    -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative dual from √ class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 2 verb]
  • varam -
  • varam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    vara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    varā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “yatas tau svalpa-duḥkhāya yāvaj-jīvaṃ jaḍo dahet
  • yatas -
  • yataḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    yata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    i -> yat (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √i class 2 verb], [ablative single from √i class 2 verb], [genitive single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √i class 2 verb], [genitive single from √i class 2 verb]
    yam -> yata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √yam class 1 verb]
  • tau -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • svalpa -
  • svalpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    svalpa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • duḥkhāya -
  • duḥkha (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    duḥkha (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • Cannot analyse yāvaj*jī
  • jīvam -
  • jīva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jīva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    jīvā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    jīv -> jīvam (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √jīv]
    jīvan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    jīvan (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
  • jaḍo* -
  • jaḍa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dahet -
  • dah (verb class 1)
    [optative active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Panchatantra Verse 0.3

Cover of edition (2015)

Pancatantra of Visnusarman
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Panchatantra in Simple Sanskrit
by Dr. Vishwas (2016)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2020)

Panchatantram (Telugu)
by Tadanki Venkata Lakshmi Narasimha Rao (2020)

Published by J. P. Publications, Vijayawada; Throughout black & white Illustrations; 9788192053851.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 0.3 in Telugu sript:
అజాత-మృత-మూర్ఖేభ్యో మృతాజాతౌ సుతౌ వరమ్ ।
యతస్ తౌ స్వల్ప-దుఃఖాయ యావజ్-జీవం జడో దహేత్ ॥ ౩ ॥

Cover of edition (2010)

Panchatantram Bhashavyakhyanam (Malayalam)
by Dr. K.G. Sreelekha (2010)

Published by the University of Kerala.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 0.3 in Malayalam sript:
അജാത-മൃത-മൂര്ഖേഭ്യോ മൃതാജാതൌ സുതൌ വരമ് ।
യതസ് തൌ സ്വല്പ-ദുഃഖായ യാവജ്-ജീവം ജഡോ ദഹേത് ॥ ൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2017)

The Panchatantra Stories (Tamil)
by P. S. Aacharya (2017)

Published by Narmadha Pathippagam, Chennai.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

Panchatantrer Galpa (Bengali)
by Children's Book Trust (2014)

Throughout color Illustration; 9788170112730

Buy now!

Preview of verse 0.3 in Bengali sript:
অজাত-মৃত-মূর্খেভ্যো মৃতাজাতৌ সুতৌ বরম্ ।
যতস্ তৌ স্বল্প-দুঃখায যাবজ্-জীবং জডো দহেত্ ॥ ৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Panchatantra in Gujarati (Comic)
by Anant Pai (2013)

[શિયાળા અને રણશિંગ પંચતંત્ર] Published by Amar Chitra Katha; Throughout Color Illustrations; 9789350853115

Buy now!

Preview of verse 0.3 in Gujarati sript:
અજાત-મૃત-મૂર્ખેભ્યો મૃતાજાતૌ સુતૌ વરમ્ ।
યતસ્ તૌ સ્વલ્પ-દુઃખાય યાવજ્-જીવં જડો દહેત્ ॥ ૩ ॥

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