Svalpa, Svālpa, Su-alpa: 12 definitions



Svalpa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Swalp.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Svalpa (स्वल्प) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “small” or “minute”, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhitā or the Carakasaṃhitā.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Svalpa.—(EI 24), small; sometimes prefixed to the name of a locality (e. g. Svalpa-Vallūra), etc., to distinguish it from others of the same name but styled ‘big’ or ‘medium’. Cf. Kṣudra-Dharmagiri and Mahā-Dharmagiri; Vaḍa-Hosa and Maṃjhi- Hosa (EI 35). Note: svalpa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svalpa (स्वल्प).—a (S su & alpa) Very little or few.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

svalpa (स्वल्प).—a Very little or few.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svalpa (स्वल्प).—a. [suṣṭhu alpaṃ prā° sa°] (compar. svalpīyas; superl. svalpiṣṭha)

1) Very small or little, minute.

2) Trifling, insignificant.

3) Brief, short; स्वल्पं तथायुः (svalpaṃ tathāyuḥ) Pt.1.

4) Very few.

--- OR ---

Svālpa (स्वाल्प).—a. (-lpī f.)

1) Little, small.

2) Few.

-lpam 1 Littleness, smallness.

2) Smallness of number.

--- OR ---

Svalpa (स्वल्प).—a. see s. v.

Svalpa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and alpa (अल्प). See also (synonyms): svalpaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svalpa (स्वल्प).—mfn.

(-lpaḥ-lpā-lpaṃ) 1. Very small. 2. Very few. E. su very, alpa little or few.

--- OR ---

Svālpa (स्वाल्प).—mfn.

(-lpaḥ-lpī-lpaṃ) 1. Small. 2. Few. n.

(-lpaṃ) 1. Littleness. 2. Paucity. E. svalpa, and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svalpa (स्वल्प).—adj. 1. very small, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 23; svalpena, for a very short time, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 134. 2. very few.

Svalpa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and alpa (अल्प).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svalpa (स्वल्प).—[adjective] very small or minute, insignificant; [instrumental] for a very short time. Compar. tara & svalpīyaṃs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svalpa (स्वल्प):—[=sv-alpa] mf(ā)n. very small or little, minute, very few, short (ena, ‘in a short time’), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata etc.]

2) Svālpa (स्वाल्प):—[=sv-ālpa] mfn. ([from] sv-alpa) very little or small, few, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] n. littleness, paucity, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svalpa (स्वल्प):—[(lpaḥ-lpā-lpaṃ) a.] Very small, very few.

2) Svālpa (स्वाल्प):—[(lpaḥ-lpī-lpaṃ) a.] Little, few. n. Littleness, paucity.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Svalpa (स्वल्प):—(6. su + alpa) adj. (f. ā) = kṣulla [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 10.] (sehr) klein, von geringem Umfange: kṣetre [WEBER, Nakṣ. 1, 310.] asthi [Spr. (II) 7322.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 67, 10. 68, 21. 62.] Werk [BṚH. 1, 2.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 258.] svalpāṅgulyormūlam der beiden kleinen Finger [Amarakoṣa 2, 7, 50.] (sehr) wenig: ambhas [Suśruta 1, 206, 16.] [Spr. (II) 3899. 7272.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 8, 25. 103, 4.] phala [95, 35.] Kinder [BṚH. 20, 3.] Kleider [Kathāsaritsāgara 21, 114.] Tage [20, 88.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 93, 13.] gambhīraviruta adj. [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 86, 8.] (sehr) kurz von der Zeit [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 95, 40.] [?ad Spr. (II) 245.] āyus [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 70, 14.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 109.] sthiti [3, 152.] spalpena in kurzer Zeit [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 134.] (sehr) gering, unbedeutend: artha [8, 111.] dharma [Bhagavadgītā 2, 40.] asatya [Spr. (II) 440.] dāna [4033.] saukhya [6314.] guṇāḥ [7324.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 82, 11.] rucibhaṅga ad [Śākuntala 19.] āpad [Kathāsaritsāgara 18, 309.] ājñā [Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 239.] bala [Hitopadeśa 27, 18.] svalpamapyapakurvanti ye pāpāḥ pṛthivīpatau [Spr. (II) 7323.] a gross, geräumig: talpa [4019.] compar. svalpatara ganz unbedeutend: kārya [439.] svalpīyaṃs sehr wenig: dravya [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 11, 8.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Svalpa (स्वल्प) [Also spelled swalp]:—(a) little, very little; very small; ~[lpāhāra] light refreshment; ~[lpāhārī] one who eats a very limited quantity.

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