Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 5.171.3

ततो मूर्धन्युपाघ्राय पर्यश्रुनयना नृप ।
आह सत्यवती हृष्टा दिष्ट्या पुत्र जितं त्वया ॥ ३ ॥

tato mūrdhanyupāghrāya paryaśrunayanā nṛpa |
āha satyavatī hṛṣṭā diṣṭyā putra jitaṃ tvayā || 3 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...and they are endued with great energy. Stationed at the head of their divisions, all of them, remembering their great sufferings, without doubt, wander along the field like so many Indras...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (5.171.3). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Murdhan, Murdhani, Upa, Paryashru, Nayana, Nripa, Ahan, Satyavat, Satyavati, Hrishta, Dishti, Putra, Jit, Jita, Tva, Yushmad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 5.171.3). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tato mūrdhanyupāghrāya paryaśrunayanā nṛpa
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • mūrdhanyu -
  • mūrdhanī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    mūrdhanī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    mūrdhanī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    mūrdhan (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • upā -
  • upā (indeclinable)
  • ghrāya -
  • ghrā -> ghrāya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √ghrā]
    ghrā -> ghrāya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √ghrā]
    ghrā -> ghrāya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √ghrā]
  • paryaśru -
  • paryaśru (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    paryaśru (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    paryaśru (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • nayanā* -
  • nayana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    nayanā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • nṛpa -
  • nṛpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “āha satyavatī hṛṣṭā diṣṭyā putra jitaṃ tvayā
  • āha -
  • āhan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ah (verb class 5)
    [perfect active third single]
  • satyavatī -
  • satyavatī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    satyavat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • hṛṣṭā* -
  • hṛṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    hṛṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    hṛṣ -> hṛṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √hṛṣ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √hṛṣ class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √hṛṣ class 4 verb], [vocative plural from √hṛṣ class 4 verb]
    hṛṣ -> hṛṣṭā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √hṛṣ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √hṛṣ class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √hṛṣ class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √hṛṣ class 4 verb], [vocative plural from √hṛṣ class 4 verb], [accusative plural from √hṛṣ class 4 verb]
  • diṣṭyā -
  • diṣṭi (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • putra -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    putra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jitam -
  • jita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    jitā (noun, feminine)
    jit (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    ji -> jita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √ji class 1 verb], [accusative single from √ji class 9 verb]
    ji -> jita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √ji class 1 verb], [accusative single from √ji class 1 verb], [nominative single from √ji class 9 verb], [accusative single from √ji class 9 verb]
  • tvayā -
  • tvā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [instrumental single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 5.171.3

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 5.171.3 in Kannada sript:
ತತೋ ಮೂರ್ಧನ್ಯುಪಾಘ್ರಾಯ ಪರ್ಯಶ್ರುನಯನಾ ನೃಪ ।
ಆಹ ಸತ್ಯವತೀ ಹೃಷ್ಟಾ ದಿಷ್ಟ್ಯಾ ಪುತ್ರ ಜಿತಂ ತ್ವಯಾ ॥ ೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 5.171.3 in Bengali sript:
ততো মূর্ধন্যুপাঘ্রায পর্যশ্রুনযনা নৃপ ।
আহ সত্যবতী হৃষ্টা দিষ্ট্যা পুত্র জিতং ত্বযা ॥ ৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 5.171.3 in Gujarati sript:
તતો મૂર્ધન્યુપાઘ્રાય પર્યશ્રુનયના નૃપ ।
આહ સત્યવતી હૃષ્ટા દિષ્ટ્યા પુત્ર જિતં ત્વયા ॥ ૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 5.171.3 in Malayalam sript:
തതോ മൂര്ധന്യുപാഘ്രായ പര്യശ്രുനയനാ നൃപ ।
ആഹ സത്യവതീ ഹൃഷ്ടാ ദിഷ്ട്യാ പുത്ര ജിതം ത്വയാ ॥ ൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 5.171.3 in Telugu sript:
తతో మూర్ధన్యుపాఘ్రాయ పర్యశ్రునయనా నృప ।
ఆహ సత్యవతీ హృష్టా దిష్ట్యా పుత్ర జితం త్వయా ॥ ౩ ॥

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