Nayana: 11 definitions


Nayana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra

Nayana (नयन, “eye”).—Besides āyādiṣaḍvarga, three other astrological principles are also mentioned in passing in the text (Mānasāra chapter 9), without always giving their full list or the formula to ascertain them: rāśī, “zodiacal sign”, gaṇa, literally, “cluster”, and nayana, literally, “eye”.

For nayana, the formula is given as follows: the total days of the week, seven, is multiplied by three, and to it is added the nakṣatra of the day. The sum is then divided by seven. The remainder gives the nayana, in the order of ekanetra, one-eyed, dvinetra, two-eyed, and so on (netra being a synonym of nayana). It is not clear from this account how this principle is brought into relation with the architectural or iconographic object because no measurement of the object is engaged in the formula.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Nayana.—(IE 8-1-2), ‘two’; cf. netra. Note: nayana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nayana : (nt.) the eye. (ger.), carrying.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nayana, (nt.) (Sk. nayana, to nayati=the leader cp. also netra=P. netta) the eye Th. 2, 381; Vv 353; Dhs. 597; Vbh. 71 sq.; Miln. 365; ThA. 255; VvA. 161 (=cakkhu); PvA. 40 (nettāni nayanāni), 152; Sdhp. 448, 621. (Page 347)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nayana (नयन).—n (S) An eye. nayanātēṃ or nayanīṃ udaka yēṇēṃ g. of s. To have tears coming into the eyes. Ex. darbhanirmita tayā śayanā- tēṃ || dēkhatāṃ udaka yē nayanātēṃ ||.

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nayana (नयन).—n S Leading, guiding, directing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nayana (नयन).—n An eye. nayanātēṃ or nayanīṃ udaka yēṇēṃ To have tears coming into the eyes. Guiding.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nayana (नयन).—[nī-karaṇe lyuṭ]

1) Leading, guiding, conducting managing.

2) Taking, bringing to or near, drawing; पापापहं स्वर्नयनं दुस्तरं पार्थिवर्षभैः (pāpāpahaṃ svarnayanaṃ dustaraṃ pārthivarṣabhaiḥ) Rām.1.14.58.

3) Ruling, governing, polity; वाक्यैः पवित्रार्थपदैर्नयनैः प्राकृतैरपि (vākyaiḥ pavitrārthapadairnayanaiḥ prākṛtairapi) Bhāg. 1.5.34.

4) Obtaining.

5) The eye.

6) Passing, spending (as time).

-nā, -nī The pupil of the eye.

Derivable forms: nayanam (नयनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nayana (नयन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. The eye. 2. Leading, guiding, (literally or figuratively.) 3. Attaining, obtaining. 4. Bringing. f.

(-nā) The pupil of the eye. E. ṇī to guide, affix karaṇe lyuṭ . nīyate vuddhi vṛttiḥ svasaṃyuktaviṣayān anena .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nayana (नयन).—[masculine] a man’s name; [neuter] leading, conduct, the eye as the leader (adj. —° [feminine] ā, [rarely] ī).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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