Jita, Jitā: 22 definitions


Jita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Jeet.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Jita (जित) refers to “being under the influence (of women)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.35 (“The story of Padmā and Pippalāda”).—Accordingly, as Padmā (wife of sage Pippalāda) said to Dharma (in the guise of a king): “Away, away, go away you sinful king. If you cast your lustful ogles at me you will be doomed in a trice. How can I resort to you, lecherous and mad after women, after forsaking the excellent sage Pippalāda whose body is sanctified by austerities? By the very touch of a person under the influence of women (strī-jita-sparśa) all merits are destroyed. He is a great sinner. His very sight promotes sins. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Jita (जित).—One of the five sons of Yadu.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 94. 2.

1b) A sage of the XII epoch of Manu.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 44.

1c) The Jayadevas of the Svāyambhuva epoch;1 sons of Brahmā.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 8; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 8.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 4.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Jita (जित, “subdued”) refers to one of the sixteen words that together make up the elā musical composition (prabandha), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 67-84. Elā is an important subgenre of song and was regarded as an auspicious and important prabandha (composition) in ancient Indian music (gāndharva). According to nirukta analysis, the etymological meaning of elā can be explained as follows: a represents Viṣṇu, i represents Kāmadeva, la represents Lakṣmī.

Jita is one of the sixteen words of elā and has a presiding deity named sumukhī (the fair-faced one) defined in the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”), which is a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Jita (जित) refers to “subdued”, mentioned in verse 4.27 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] the humours are sometimes irritated after having been subdued [viz., jita] by fasting and cooking; with those, however, which (have been) purged by purgatives, no (such) reappearance (takes place)”.

Note: Jita (“subdued”) has been shifted to the end of the clause and rendered by bsal kyaṅ (“though removed”), a concessive sense being not necessarily implied by the Sanskrit.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Jita (जित) refers to “conquering (the urges to sleep and eat)”, according to the Guhyasūtra chapter 3.—Accordingly, “[...] One may perform the Block-of-Wood Observance in a forest full of bears, tigers and lions, conquering (jita) the urges to sleep and eat, [constantly] reciting. If one takes on the appearance of a woman and sings and dances, adorned with bracelets, with a winnowing fan, ball and plait, one observes the Colourful Observance. With a weapon in hand, full of compassion, if one wanders like a saviour of creatures (?) focussed upon recitation, meditation and worship, one performs the Warrior Observance. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Jita (जित) refers to “having mastered” (one’s breath, internal fire, body and mind), according to the Haṭhatattvakaumudī by Sundaradeva: a large compendium on Yoga in roughly 2000 Sanskrit verses quoting from Yoga texts, Upaniṣads, Epics, Purāṇas, Dharmaśāstras etc.—Accordingly, “Now Rājayoga is explained as far as the [fourth stage called] Niṣpatti in Haṭhayoga, for the delight of Yogins who have naturally ascended to Yoga through the [stage] of Niṣpatti in [Haṭha]yoga. [It is for those Yogins] whose breath, internal fire, body and mind has been mastered (jita) and whose unequivocal realization [of the highest reality] has occurred”

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

One of the palaces occupied by Narada Buddha before his Renunciation. Bu x.19.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Jita (जित) refers to “conquering (the opponent)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Glory to the great tree that is stopping the influx of karma whose opponent is conquered (jita-vipakṣa), which is rooted in all the rules of conduct for a mendicant, whose great trunk is restraint, whose full branches are tranquillity, which is covered with the blossom of virtue [and] is beautiful because of producing whole fruit through the reflections. [Thus ends the reflection on] stopping the influx of karma”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Jita or Jīta.—(EI 28, 29), income or wages; revenue income; derived from Sanskrit jīvita in the same sense. Note: jita is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

jita : (pp. of jināti) conquered; subdued; (nt.), victory.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Jita, (pp. of jayati, conquer) conquered, subdued, mastered: (nt.) victory. jitā me pāpakā dhammā Vin. I, 8; ‹-› Dh. 40, 104 (attā jitaṃ seyyo for attā jito seyyo see DhA. II, 228), 105, 179; Vv 6427 (jitindriya one whose senses are mastered, cp. guttindriya).—Cp. vi°. (Page 284)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jita (जित).—p (S) Conquered or overcome: excelled or surpassed: gained or won. Used elegantly in comp. as jitakāma, jitakrōdha, jitalōbha, jitamōha In whom lust, anger &c. is subdued; jitaprāṇa Who can retain his breath a long time; jitamanaska Possessing self-command; jitadravya Who has acquired spoils or treasure; jitapaṇa Who has gained the wager or stake. Affixed it forms an opposite class of compounds; as kāmajita, krōdhajita strījita That is under the dominion of lust, anger, woman. This is one of the many Sanskrit words of which the usefulness will be readily discovered by translators from English.

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jitā (जिता).—a ( H) Alive. Pr jityā rōṭī mēkhyā mātī Give me bread whilst I live, earth when I die. Pr. jityācī khōḍa mēlyāsivāī jāta nāhīṃ. 2 fig. Not extinguished or gone out--fire: not reduced to ashes, yet burning;--a coal, a brand, embers: running, quick, not stagnant--water: proceeding from a steady spring (not from the moisture following upon the rains)--water: active, not killed--quicksilver; extant, current, in force or use--a language, writing, custom: in existence, forthcoming, not lost--an article: good, not dead, payable--a debt. 3 Living, emphatically and revilingly. See the terms jitāpiśāca, jitāsambandha &c. 4 Cut whilst green and succulent--riceplants, grass. jitā kīṃ mēlā Still as a mouse! (i. e. let it not be known whether you are alive or dead). Ex. cippa jitā kīṃ mēlā baisa. jityāpanthāsa lāgaṇēṃ To begin to recover from some dangerous sickness.

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jīta (जीत).—f unc (jita S) Victory: also winning or gaining (at play, betting &c.)

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jīta (जीत).—a For jitā and used in all its senses, but less commonly. Ex. jīta nyāvēṃ rāyāpāsiṃ ||. jīta nā mēlā Living or dead. Pr. jīta nā mēlī haraḷī- cī muḷī Used of an estate, a property, or a business which, whether flourishing or declining, brisk or slack, always yields something. See fully under haraḷīcī muḷī. 2 See jitā kīṃ mēlā under jitā. jīta hāḍāṃlā khiḷaṇēṃ To cleave fast to one all through his lifetime.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jita (जित).—p Overcome, conquered; excelled; won.

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jitā (जिता).—a Alive Fig. Not extinguished or gone out-fire; not reduced to ash- es, yet burning-a coal, embers; run- ning, quick, not stagnant-water; extant, current, in force or use-a language, writing, custom. jitā kīṃ mēlā Still as a mouse! Ex. cippa jittā kīṃ mēlā baisa (i. e. let it not be known whe- ther you are alive or dead). jityā panthāsa lāgaṇēṃ Begin to recover from some dangerous sickness.

--- OR ---

jīta (जीत).—f Victory; also winning or gaining (at play, betting.) a See jitā.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jita (जित).—p. p. [ji-karmaṇi kta]

1) Conquered, subdued, curbed, restrained, (as enemies, passions &c.).

2) Won, got, obtained (by conquest).

3) Surpassed, excelled.

4) Subject to, enslaved or influenced by; कामजित (kāmajita); स्त्रीजित (strījita) &c.

-tam Victory.

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Jīta (जीत).—a.

1) Oppressed, overpowered.

2) Become old; also जीन (jīna).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jita (जित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Conquered, subdued, surpassed, overcome. m.

(-taḥ) One of the attendants upon a Jina or Jaina saint. E. ji to conquer, aff. karmaṇi kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jita (जित):—[from ji] mfn. won, acquired, conquered, subdued, [Ṛg-veda viii, 76, 4; Atharva-veda] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] overcome or enslaved by (in [compound] e.g. kāma-, ‘under the dominion of lust’), [Manu-smṛti] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] given up, discontinued, [Manu-smṛti iv, 181.]

4) Jīta (जीत):—a ti, jīna See √1. jyā.

5) [from jyā] b mfn. oppressed, [Atharva-veda]

6) [v.s. ...] old, customary, of old, [Jaina literature] (Prākṛt jīya)

7) [v.s. ...] cf. a-.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jita (जित):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) a.] Conquered. m. An attendant on a Jaina sage.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Jita (जित) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Jia, Jiṇiya, Jīa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Jita (जित) [Also spelled jit]:——an adjectival suffix/prefix used in Sanskrit words meaning 'one who has conquered' (e.g. [jitakopa, indrajita]); ~[kopa/krodha] one who has conquered or subdued the feeling of anger/wrath; ~[śatru] a conqueror of enemies; ~[śrama] tireless, one who has conquered the sense of fatigue.

2) Jīṭa (जीट):—(nf) boasting, bragging; —[māranā] to brag, to boast.

3) Jīta (जीत) [Also spelled jeet]:—(nf) victory, success; -[hāra] victory and defeat, success and failure; —[muṭṭhī meṃ honā] to have the game in one’s hands.

4) Jītā (जीता):—(a) living, alive; won; -[jāgatā] living, lively; up and kicking; [jītī bājī] a battle already won; [jītī makkhī nigalanā] to wilfully commit or connive in a wrong; [jīte jī] during the life-time of; as long as one is living or is in existence; •[mara jānā] to suffer death in life, to endure extreme misery or anguish; [jīte raho] ! may you live long !

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jita (ಜಿತ):—

1) [noun] that which is conquered, subdued.

2) [noun] that which is gained, acquired; a gain; an acquisition.

3) [noun] that which is firm, stable.

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Jīta (ಜೀತ):—

1) [noun] a living; life.

2) [noun] money received for work done, and usu. figured on an hourly, daily or piecework basis; wages.

3) [noun] service under feudalism; feudal service.

4) [noun] ಜೀತಕ್ಕಿರು [jitakkiru] jītakkiru = ಜೀತಮಾಡು [jitamadu]; ಜೀತದಾಳು [jitadalu] jītadāḷu = ಜೀತಗಾರ [jitagara]; ಜೀತಮಾಡು [jitamadu] jītamāḍu to work as a servant under feudalism.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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