Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.281.23

नानात्मवन्तस्तु वने चरन्ति धर्मं च वासं च परिश्रमं च ।
विज्ञानतो धर्ममुदाहरन्ति तस्मात्सन्तो धर्ममाहुः प्रधानम् ॥ २३ ॥

nānātmavantastu vane caranti dharmaṃ ca vāsaṃ ca pariśramaṃ ca |
vijñānato dharmamudāharanti tasmātsanto dharmamāhuḥ pradhānam || 23 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...of vows.' And having listened to her, Dyumatsena said, 'I can by no means say unto you, Do you break your vow. One like me should, on the contrary, say,—Do you complete your...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.281.23). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Nana, Mavat, Vana, Vani, Dharma, Vasa, Parishrama, Uda, Anti, Tasmat, Tad, Sat, Santa, Pradhana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.281.23). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “nānātmavantastu vane caranti dharmaṃ ca vāsaṃ ca pariśramaṃ ca
  • nānāt -
  • nāna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • mavantas -
  • mav -> mavat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √mav class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √mav class 1 verb]
    -> mavat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √ class 1 verb]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • vane -
  • vana (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    vana (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    vanā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    vani (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    vani (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • caranti -
  • car (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • dharmam -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dharman (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    dharman (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
    dharmā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vāsam -
  • vāsa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vāsā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pariśramam -
  • pariśrama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “vijñānato dharmamudāharanti tasmātsanto dharmamāhuḥ pradhānam
  • vijñānato -
  • dharmam -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dharman (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    dharman (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
    dharmā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • udā -
  • uda (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    udan (noun, neuter)
    [compound]
    ud (verb class 6)
    [imperative active second single]
    udā (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • āhar -
  • anti -
  • anti (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    anti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    antī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • tasmāt -
  • tasmāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single]
  • santo* -
  • sat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    santa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    sam -> santa (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √sam class 1 verb]
  • dharmam -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dharman (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    dharman (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
    dharmā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • āhuḥ -
  • ah (verb class 5)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • pradhānam -
  • pradhāna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pradhāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    pradhānā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.281.23

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.281.23 in Kannada sript:
ನಾನಾತ್ಮವನ್ತಸ್ತು ವನೇ ಚರನ್ತಿ ಧರ್ಮಂ ಚ ವಾಸಂ ಚ ಪರಿಶ್ರಮಂ ಚ ।
ವಿಜ್ಞಾನತೋ ಧರ್ಮಮುದಾಹರನ್ತಿ ತಸ್ಮಾತ್ಸನ್ತೋ ಧರ್ಮಮಾಹುಃ ಪ್ರಧಾನಮ್ ॥ ೨೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.281.23 in Bengali sript:
নানাত্মবন্তস্তু বনে চরন্তি ধর্মং চ বাসং চ পরিশ্রমং চ ।
বিজ্ঞানতো ধর্মমুদাহরন্তি তস্মাত্সন্তো ধর্মমাহুঃ প্রধানম্ ॥ ২৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.281.23 in Gujarati sript:
નાનાત્મવન્તસ્તુ વને ચરન્તિ ધર્મં ચ વાસં ચ પરિશ્રમં ચ ।
વિજ્ઞાનતો ધર્મમુદાહરન્તિ તસ્માત્સન્તો ધર્મમાહુઃ પ્રધાનમ્ ॥ ૨૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.281.23 in Malayalam sript:
നാനാത്മവന്തസ്തു വനേ ചരന്തി ധര്മം ച വാസം ച പരിശ്രമം ച ।
വിജ്ഞാനതോ ധര്മമുദാഹരന്തി തസ്മാത്സന്തോ ധര്മമാഹുഃ പ്രധാനമ് ॥ ൨൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 3.281.23 in Telugu sript:
నానాత్మవన్తస్తు వనే చరన్తి ధర్మం చ వాసం చ పరిశ్రమం చ ।
విజ్ఞానతో ధర్మముదాహరన్తి తస్మాత్సన్తో ధర్మమాహుః ప్రధానమ్ ॥ ౨౩ ॥

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