Parishrama, Pariśrama, Pariśrāma: 16 definitions


Parishrama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Pariśrama and Pariśrāma can be transliterated into English as Parisrama or Parishrama, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Parishrama in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Pariśrama (परिश्रम) refers to the “effort (of concentration and meditation)”, according to the Yogatārāvalī: a short Yoga text of twenty-nine verses presenting Haṭhayoga as the means to Rājayoga (i.e., Samādhi).—Accordingly, while discussing the connection between Haṭhayoga and Rājayoga: “For great adepts [of yoga], an extraordinary absorption of the breath arises, [which is] free from the activity of all the senses. [It is brought about] by the cessation of the [normally] unrestrained process of breathing. [Such cessations] are called Kevalakumbhaka. There are no gazing points, no fixing of the mind [on a meditation-object], no time or place, no [deliberate] stopping of the breath, nor the effort (pariśrama) of concentration and meditation when Rājayoga is flourishing”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Parishrama in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Pariśrama (परिश्रम) refers to “effort”, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, [while describing the visualized form of Navātman Bhairava]: “[...] He who practices the Navātmānanda Bhairava, in this way quickly attains success. O fair lady, it is the means to attain all the things (one) desires. He who has Navātman in (his) heart holds success in (his) hand. O fair lady, the Krama of one who does not deposit the Vaḍava Fire of Navātman is empty; (his) effort (jñāna-pariśrama), O goddess, is useless. He is not liberated (and is like) those who are sunk in sinful action. O mistress of the God of the gods, he sinks into the ocean of transmigration which is hard to cross. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parishrama in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pariśrama (परिश्रम).—m (S) Laborious and fatiguing exertion. 2 Fatigue, weariness, exhaustion from labor.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pariśrama (परिश्रम).—m Laborious exertion. Fatigue.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parishrama in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pariśrama (परिश्रम) or Pariśrāma (परिश्राम).—

1) Fatigue, exhaustion, trouble, pain; आत्मा परिश्रमस्य पदमुपनीतः (ātmā pariśramasya padamupanītaḥ) Ś.1; R.1.58;11.12.

2) Exertion, labour; ब्रह्मञ्छ्रेयः परिश्रामः पुंसो मद्दर्शनावधिः (brahmañchreyaḥ pariśrāmaḥ puṃso maddarśanāvadhiḥ) Bhāgavata 2.9.2.

3) (Hence) Close application to or study of, being constantly occupied with; आर्ये कृतपरि- श्रमोऽस्मि चतुःषष्ठ्यङ्गे ज्योतिःशास्त्रे (ārye kṛtapari- śramo'smi catuḥṣaṣṭhyaṅge jyotiḥśāstre) Mu.1.

4) The result; अस्यैष नीतेः परिश्रमः (asyaiṣa nīteḥ pariśramaḥ) Pratijñā.2.

Derivable forms: , pariśrāmaḥ (परिश्रामः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pariśrama (परिश्रम).—m.

(-maḥ) 1. Labour, trouble, pain. 2. Distress, fatigue. E. pari exceeding, śrama weariness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pariśrama (परिश्रम).—pariśrāma, i. e. pari-śram + a, m. 1. Fatigue, [Sāvitryupākhyāna] 4, 21. 2. Exertion, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 19, 15.

Pariśrama can also be spelled as Pariśrāma (परिश्राम).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pariśrama (परिश्रम).—[masculine] fatigue, pain, exertion, labour.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pariśrama (परिश्रम):—[=pari-śrama] [from pari-śram] m. fatigue, exertion, labour, fatiguing occupation, trouble, pain, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) Pariśrāma (परिश्राम):—[=pari-śrāma] [from pari-śram] m. fatiguing, occupation, trouble, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pariśrama (परिश्रम):—[pari-śrama] (maḥ) 1. m. Distress, fatigue.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pariśrama (परिश्रम) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Parissama.

[Sanskrit to German]

Parishrama in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parishrama in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pariśrama (परिश्रम) [Also spelled parisram]:—(nm) labour, industry, hard work, exertion, diligence; ~[śramaśīla] tending to labour/work hard, industrious, disposed to exert; hence ~[śramaśīlatā] (nf); ~[śramī] laborious, industrious, painstaking; hardworking, diligent; —[kabhī vyartha nahīṃ jātā] industry must bring its reward, hard work is never wasted.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parishrama in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pariśrama (ಪರಿಶ್ರಮ):—

1) [noun] physical or mental exhaustion; weariness; fatigue.

2) [noun] knowledge, skill or practice resulting from the activities as training, observation, personal participation, etc.; experience.

3) [noun] hard work; active use of strength, power, etc.; continuous and sincere effort.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parishrama in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Pariśrama (परिश्रम):—n. 1. labor; effort; exertion; industry; diligence; 2. strain; trouble; fatigue;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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