Nana, Nānā, Nāṇa, Ñāṇa, Nanā, Ñāṇa, Na-na: 27 definitions

Introduction:

Nana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Nana [नाणा] in the Marathi language is the name of a plant identified with Lagerstroemia microcarpa from the Lythraceae (Crape Myrtle) family having the following synonyms: Lagerstroemia lanceolata. For the possible medicinal usage of nana, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Nana in the Tamil language is the name of a plant identified with Clausena indica (Dalzell) Oliv. from the Rutaceae (Lemon) family having the following synonyms: Bergera nitida, Piptostylis indica.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Nanā (नना) is a familiar name for mother, parallel with Tata, for father, with which it is found in a verse of the Rigveda describing the occupations of the parents of the poet.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

Nana means knowledge.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

'knowledge, comprehension, intelligence, insight', is a synonym for paññā; see also vipassanā.

Source: Pali Kanon: A manual of Abhidhamma

Pali for 'wisdom';

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Nānā (नाना) refers to “multiple” (Cf. Nānātva, “multiplicity”), according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 2).—Accordingly, “[Question: The past and the future do not function with the nature of the present; the past functions with the nature of the past and the future with the nature of the future. That is why there is a [different] time for each nature separately (ekaika dharmalakṣaṇa)]—[Answer:]—[...]  [The Buddhist texts] do not speak about kāla but about samaya in order to dispel wrong views of this kind. We speak metaphorically about time with regard to birth, the elements and bases of consciousness, but there is no distinct time [existing as a separate substance]. Expressions such as ‘region’ (deśa), ‘time’ (kāla), ‘separation’ (viyoga), ‘union’ (saṃyoga), ‘singleness’ (ekatva), ‘multiplicity’ (nānātva), ‘length’ (dīrghatva), ‘smallness’ (hrasvatva), etc., come from convention. Fools (bāla) cling to them and say that these are real Dharmas (sadbhūta). That is why mundane conventional Dharmas of purely nominal existence must be excluded.”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: University of Cambridge: Jainism

Nāṇa (नाण) in Prakrit refers to “knowledge” and represents one of the twenty-four Daṇḍakas (“parameters relating to the description of living beings”).—The most common list of daṇḍakas has 24 terms in Prakrit. This has been the starting point of a variety of works, among which the Caturviṃśatidaṇḍaka by Gajasāra stands as a classic.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Nānā (नाना) refers to “different (kinds)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Why do the stupid, afflicted by the planet of [their] birth, not perceive the difference [between the body and the self] which is recognised everywhere in the occurrence of birth and death. Therefore, what is the connection of the self to that body which is made by atoms which are material, insentient, different [com.—by those which are of different kinds (nānāprakāraiḥ)] [and] independent?”.

Synonyms: Citra.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Nāṇā.—(EI 30), name of a coin; same as nāṇaka. Note: nāṇā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Nānā.—same as nāṇaka; cf. Kuṣāṇa coins bearing the repre- sentation of the West Asian mother-goddess Nana. Note: nānā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nānā : (ind.) different; differently.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nānā, (adv.) (Ved. nānā, a redupl. nā (emphatic particle, see na1) “so and so, ” i.e. various, of all kinds) variously, differently. 1. (abs.) A. I, 138 (on different sides, viz. right ; left); Sn. 878 (=na ekaṃ SnA 554; =vividhaṃ aññoññaṃ puthu na ekaṃ Nd1 285), 884 sq.—2. more frequently in cpds. , as first part of adj. or n. where it may be translated as “different, divers, all kinds of” etc. Before a double cons. the final ā is shortened: nānagga (for nānā+agga), nānappakāra etc. see below.

— or —

Ñāṇa, (nt.) (from jānāti. See also jānana. *genē, as in Gr. gnώ—sis (cp. gnostic), gnw/mh; Lat. (co)gnitio; Goth. kunpi; Ogh. kunst; E. knowledge) knowledge, intelligence, insight, conviction, recognition, opp. añāṇa & avijjā, lack of k. or ignorance.—1. Ñāṇa in the theory of cognition: it occurs in intensive couple-compounds with terms of sight as cakkhu (eye) & dassana (sight, view), e.g. in cakkhu-karaṇa ñāṇa-karaṇa “opening our eyes & thus producing knowledge” i.e. giving us the eye of knowledge (a mental eye) (see cakkhu, jānāti passati, & cpd. °karaṇa): Bhagavā jānaṃ jānāti passaṃ passati cakkhu-bhūto ñāṇa-bhūto (=he is one perfected in knowledge) M. I, 111=Nd2 2353h; natthi hetu natthi paccayo ñāṇāya dassanāya ahetu apaccayo ñāṇaṃ dassanaṃ hoti “through seeing & knowing, ” i.e. on grounds of definite knowledge arises the sure conviction that where there is no cause there is no consequence S. V, 126. Cp. also the relation of diṭṭhi to ñāṇa. This implies that all things visible are knowable as well as that all our knowledge is based on empirical grounds; yāvatakaṃ ñeyyaṃ tāvatakaṃ ñāṇaṃ Nd2 2353m; yaṃ ñāṇaṃ taṃ dassanaṃ, yaṃ dassanaṃ taṃ ñāṇaṃ Vin. III, 91; ñāṇa+dassana (i.e. full vision) as one of the characteristics of Arahantship: see arahant II. D. Cp. BSk. jñānadarśana, e.g. AvŚ I. 210.—2. Scope and character of ñāṇa: ñ. as faculty of understanding is included in paññā (cp. wisdom=perfected knowledge). The latter signifies the spiritual wisdom which embraces the fundamental truths of morality & conviction (such as aniccaṃ anattā dukkhaṃ: Miln. 42); whereas ñ. is relative to common experience (see Nd2 2353 under cakkhumā, & on rel. of p. & ñ. Ps. I, 59 sq.; 118 sq.; II, 189 sq.).—Perception (saññā) is necessary to the forming of ñāṇa, it precedes it (D. I, 185); as sure knowledge ñ. is preferable to saddhā (S. IV, 298); at Vin. III, 91 the definition of ñ. is given with tisso vijjā (3 kinds of knowledge); they are specified at Nd2 266 as aṭṭhasamāpatti-ñāṇa (consisting in the 8 attainments, viz. jhāna & its 4 succeeding developments), pañc’abhiññā° (the 5 higher knowledges, see paññā & abhi°), micchā° (false k. or heresy). Three degrees of k. are distinguished at DA. I, 100, viz. sāvaka-pāramī-ñāṇa, paccekabuddha°, sabbaññuta° (highest k. of a relig. student, k. of a wise man, & omniscience). Four objects of k. (as objects of truth or sammādiṭṭhi) are enumerated as dhamme ñāṇaṃ, anvaye ñ. , paricchede ñ. , sammuti ñ. at D. III, 226, 277; other four as dukkhe ñ. (dukkha-) samudaye ñ. , nirodhe ñ. , magge ñ. (i.e. the knowledge of the paṭicca-samuppāda) at D. III, 227; Ps. I, 118; Vbh. 235 (=sammādiṭṭhi). Right knowledge (or truth) is contrasted with false k. (micchā-ñāṇa=micchādiṭṭhi): S. V, 384; M. II, 29; A. II, 222; V, 327; Vbh. 392. ‹-› 3. Ñāṇa in application: (a) Vin. I, 35; D. II, 155 (opp. pasāda); S. I, 129 (cittamhi susamāhite ñāṇamhi vuttamānamhi); II, 60 (jātipaccayā jarāmaraṇan ti ñ.; see ñ-vatthu); A. I, 219 (on precedence of either samādhi or ñ.); Sn. 378, 789, 987 (muddhani ñāṇaṃ tassa na vijjati), 1078 (diṭṭhi, suti, ñ. : doctrine, revelation, personal knowledge, i.e. intelligence; differently expl. at Nd2 266), 1113; Pv III, 51 (Sugatassa ñ. is asādhāraṇaṃ) Ps. I, 194 sq.; II, 244; Vbh. 306 sq. (ñ-vibhaṅga), 328 sq. (kammassakataṃ ñ.); Nett 15 sq.; 161 (+ñeyya), 191 (id.).—(b) ñāṇaṃ hoti or uppajjati knowledge comes to (him) i.e. to reason, to arrive at a conclusion (with iti=that ... ) S. II, 124=III, 28 (uppajjati); D. III, 278 (id.); A. II, 211≈; IV, 75; V, 195; S. III, 154. See also arahant II. D.—(c) Var. attributes of ñ. : anuttariya A. V, 37; aparapaccayā (k. of the non-effect of causation through lack of cause) S. II, 17, 78; III, 135; V, 179, 422 sq. (=sammādiṭṭhi), same as ahetu-ñāṇa S. V, 126; asādhāraṇa (incomparable, uncommon k.) A. III, 441; PvA. 197; akuppa D. III, 273; ariya A. III, 451; pariyodāta S. I, 198; bhiyyosomatta S. III, 112; yathā bhūtaṃ (proper, definite, right k.) (concerning kāya, etc.) S. V, 144; A. III, 420; V, 37.—(d) knowledge of, about or concerning, consisting in or belonging to, is expressed either by Loc. or —° (equal to subj. or obj. Gen.).—(a) with Loc. : anuppāde ñ. D. III, 214, 274; anvaye D. III, 226, 277; kāye D. III, 274; khaye D. III, 214, 220 (āsavānaṃ; cp. M. I, 23, 183, 348; II, 38), 275; S. II, 30; Nett 15; cutûpapāte D. III, 111, 220; dukkhe (etc.) D IIII, 227; S. II, 4; V, 8, 430; dhamme D. III, 226; S. II, 58; nibbāne S. II, 124 (cp. IV. 86).—(b) as —°: anāvaraṇa° DA. I, 100; ariya S. I, 228; A. III, 451; khanti Ps. I, 106; jātissara J. I, 167; cutûpapāta M. I, 22, 183, 347; II, 38, etc.; ceto-pariya D. III, 100, & °pariyāya S. V, 160; dibbacakkhu Ps. I, 114; dhammaṭṭhiti S. II, 60, 124; Ps. I, 50; nibbidā Ps. I, 195; pubbe-nivāsânusati M. I, 22, 248, 347; II, 38, etc.; Buddha° Nd2 2353; Ps. I, 133; II, 31, 195; DA. I, 100; sabbaññuta Ps. I, 131 sq.; DA. I, 99 sq.; PvA. 197; sekha S. II, 43, 58, 80, & asekha S. III, 83.—(e) aññāṇa wrong k. , false view, ignorance, untruth S. I, 181; II, 92; III, 258 sq.; V, 126; A. II, 11; Sn. 347, 839; Ps. I, 80; Pug. 21; Dhs. 390, 1061; see avijjā & micchādiṭṭhi.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nāṇā (नाणा).—m The name of a timber tree.

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nānā (नाना).—m ( H Maternal grandfather.) A respectful term of compellation or mention, originally, for a person of the name nārāyaṇa, and now for a person in general. It is affixed to the name or used alone; as cintōpanta nānā, nānā ālē-gēlē-basa- lē. See vyāvahārikanāṃva.

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nānā (नाना).—m A tree, Lagerstroemia parviflora. Grah.

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nānā (नाना).—m No! no!; prohibiting, disallowing: also refusing or declining. v kara.

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nānā (नाना).—a ind (S) Many, several, various. Compounds are endless; as nānārūpa, nānāvarṇa, nānāvidha, nānāprakāra, nānārasa, nānārāga, nānādhvani.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

na-na (न-न).—m No! no! Prohibiting. Refusing. Declining, denying.

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nāṇā (नाणा).—m The name of a timber tree.

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nānā (नाना).—m A respectful term of compella- tion or mention, originally, for a person of the name nārāyaṇa, and now for a person in general.

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nānā (नाना).—m No! no! prohibiting, disallow- ing: also refusing or declining.

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nānā (नाना).—a ind Many, several, various. Compounds are endless; as nānārūpa, nānādhvani, nānāvidha, nānāprakāra, nānārasa, nānārāga.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nanā (नना).—Ved.

1) Speech.

2) Mother.

3) A daughter; कारुरहं ततो भिषगुपलप्रक्षिणी नना (kārurahaṃ tato bhiṣagupalaprakṣiṇī nanā) Ṛv.9.112.3.

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Nānā (नाना).—ind.

1) In different places, in different ways, manifoldly, variously; मृत्योः स मृत्युमाप्नोति य इह नानेव पश्यति (mṛtyoḥ sa mṛtyumāpnoti ya iha nāneva paśyati) |

2) Distinctly, separately.

3) Without (= vinā; with acc., instr. or abl.); नाना नारीं निष्फला लोकयात्रा (nānā nārīṃ niṣphalā lokayātrā) Vop.; (viśvaṃ) न नाना शंभुना रामात् वर्षेणाधोक्षजोवर (na nānā śaṃbhunā rāmāt varṣeṇādhokṣajovara) ibid.

4) (Used as an adjective at the beginning of comp.) Manifold, various, sundry, different, diverse; नानाफलैः फलति कल्पलतेव भूमिः (nānāphalaiḥ phalati kalpalateva bhūmiḥ) Bhartṛhari 2.46; नानाशस्त्रप्रहरणाः सर्वे युद्धविशारदाः (nānāśastrapraharaṇāḥ sarve yuddhaviśāradāḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 1.9; Manusmṛti 9.148.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Nāna (नान).—[, misprint for nagna: nānāś ca kṛṣṇāś ca… pretāḥ Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 84.11 (verse); so, without v.l., both edd.; but ms. Ḱ (photostat) nagnā; Burnouf and Kern both translation(s) naked, without note; so Tibetan gcer bu; read nagnā(ś).]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nānā (नाना).—ind. 1. Without, except. 2. Many, various. 3. Double or two-fold. E. nañ negative, and nāñ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nānā (नाना).—adv. Different, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 2, 32. Often in the beginning of comp. words, Of different classes, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 148; various, 257.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nanā (नना).—[feminine] mother (fam. expression).

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Nānā (नाना).—[adverb] differently, variously, distinctly, separately, [often] adj., [especially] °—; *as [preposition] without ([instrumental], [ablative], or [accusative]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nanā (नना):—f. fam. expression for ‘mother’ [Ṛg-veda ix, 112, 3] (cf. 2. tata)

2) = vāc, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 11.]

3) Nāna (नान):—m. Name of a man (also -bhaṭṭa), [Catalogue(s)]

4) Nānā (नाना):—[from nāna] 2. nānā (See nāna) f. coin (= = nāṇaka), [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

5) 1. nānā ind. ([Pāṇini 5-2, 27]; [gana] svarādi) differently, variously, distinctly, separately, (often used as an [adjective (cf. [masculine, feminine and neuter; or adjective])] = various, different, distinct from [with [instrumental case] e.g. viśvaṃ na nānā śambhunā, ‘the Universe is not distinct from Ś°’ [Vopadeva]; rarely mfn. e.g. nārīṣu nānāsu, [Pañcarātra]] [especially] in [compound]; cf. below), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nānā (नाना):—adv. Without; many, various.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nānā (नाना) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇāṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Nāna (नान) [Also spelled nan]:—(nf) a kind of thick oven-cooked bread.

2) Nānā (नाना):—(nm) maternal grandfather; (a) varied, diverse, manifold; miscellaneous.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Ṇaṇa (णण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Anujñāna.

Ṇaṇa has the following synonyms: Aṇuja.

2) Ṇāṇa (णाण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Jñāna.

3) Ṇāṇā (णाणा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Nānā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nāṇa (ನಾಣ):—[noun] a washing of the body in water; bath.

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Nāṇa (ನಾಣ):—[noun] the state of knowing; acquaintance with facts; knowledge; learnedness.

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Nānā (ನಾನಾ):—[adjective] of different kinds, varieties,

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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