Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.51.16

शस्त्रेण निधनं काले ये गच्छन्त्यपराङ्मुखाः ।
अयं लोकोऽक्षयस्तेषां यथैव मम कामधुक् ॥ १६ ॥

śastreṇa nidhanaṃ kāle ye gacchantyaparāṅmukhāḥ |
ayaṃ loko'kṣayasteṣāṃ yathaiva mama kāmadhuk || 16 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...beautiful lady, do you choose one of them for your lord. It is through their power that I have entered here unperceived, and it is for this reason that none saw me on my way or obstructed...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.51.16). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Shastra, Nidhana, Kale, Kala, Yah, Yat, Gacchat, Aparanmukha, Aya, Idam, Loka, Akshaya, Tad, Yatha, Asmad, Kama, Duh,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.51.16). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “śastreṇa nidhanaṃ kāle ye gacchantyaparāṅmukhāḥ
  • śastreṇa -
  • śastra (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    śastra (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • nidhanam -
  • nidhana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nidhana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nidhanā (noun, feminine)
  • kāle -
  • kāle (indeclinable)
    kāla (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    kāla (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    kālā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ye -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • gacchantya -
  • gacchat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [nominative plural], [vocative dual], [vocative plural], [accusative dual], [accusative plural]
    gam (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • aparāṅmukhāḥ -
  • aparāṅmukha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    aparāṅmukhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “ayaṃ loko'kṣayasteṣāṃ yathaiva mama kāmadhuk
  • ayam -
  • aya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • loko' -
  • loka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • akṣayas -
  • akṣaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kṣi (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active second single]
    kṣī (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active second single]
  • teṣām -
  • tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
  • yathai -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • mama -
  • asmad (pronoun, none)
    [genitive single]
    (verb class 2)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 3)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • kāma -
  • kāma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kāma (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dhuk -
  • duh (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.51.16

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.51.16 in Kannada sript:
ಶಸ್ತ್ರೇಣ ನಿಧನಂ ಕಾಲೇ ಯೇ ಗಚ್ಛನ್ತ್ಯಪರಾಙ್ಮುಖಾಃ ।
ಅಯಂ ಲೋಕೋಽಕ್ಷಯಸ್ತೇಷಾಂ ಯಥೈವ ಮಮ ಕಾಮಧುಕ್ ॥ ೧೬ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.51.16 in Bengali sript:
শস্ত্রেণ নিধনং কালে যে গচ্ছন্ত্যপরাঙ্মুখাঃ ।
অযং লোকোঽক্ষযস্তেষাং যথৈব মম কামধুক্ ॥ ১৬ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.51.16 in Gujarati sript:
શસ્ત્રેણ નિધનં કાલે યે ગચ્છન્ત્યપરાઙ્મુખાઃ ।
અયં લોકોઽક્ષયસ્તેષાં યથૈવ મમ કામધુક્ ॥ ૧૬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.51.16 in Malayalam sript:
ശസ്ത്രേണ നിധനം കാലേ യേ ഗച്ഛന്ത്യപരാങ്മുഖാഃ ।
അയം ലോകോഽക്ഷയസ്തേഷാം യഥൈവ മമ കാമധുക് ॥ ൧൬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.51.16 in Telugu sript:
శస్త్రేణ నిధనం కాలే యే గచ్ఛన్త్యపరాఙ్ముఖాః ।
అయం లోకోఽక్షయస్తేషాం యథైవ మమ కామధుక్ ॥ ౧౬ ॥

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