Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.10.19

तद्यथा सुरभिः प्राह सममेवास्तु ते तथा ।
सुतेषु राजन्सर्वेषु दीनेष्वभ्यधिका कृपा ॥ १९ ॥

tadyathā surabhiḥ prāha samamevāstu te tathā |
suteṣu rājansarveṣu dīneṣvabhyadhikā kṛpā || 19 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...whose intelligence served the purposes of eye-sight, and who was then seated (at his ease). And the holy one addressed the monarch thus.'" "Vyasa said, 'O wise Dhritarashtra, hear...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.10.19). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tad, Tat, Yatha, Surabhi, Praha, Samam, Sama, Eva, Yushmad, Tatha, Suta, Rajan, Rajat, Sarva, Dina, Abhyadhika, Krip, Kripa,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.10.19). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tadyathā surabhiḥ prāha samamevāstu te tathā
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
  • surabhiḥ -
  • surabhi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • prāha -
  • prāha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • samam -
  • samam (indeclinable)
    sama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sama (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    samā (noun, feminine)
  • evās -
  • eva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    evā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “suteṣu rājansarveṣu dīneṣvabhyadhikā kṛpā
  • suteṣu -
  • suta (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    suta (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
    su -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [locative plural from √su class 5 verb]
    su -> suta (participle, neuter)
    [locative plural from √su class 5 verb]
    -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [locative plural from √ class 6 verb]
    -> suta (participle, neuter)
    [locative plural from √ class 6 verb]
    -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [locative plural from √ class 2 verb]
    -> suta (participle, neuter)
    [locative plural from √ class 2 verb]
  • rājan -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    rāj -> rājat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb]
  • sarveṣu -
  • sarva (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • dīneṣva -
  • dīna (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    dīna (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • abhyadhikā -
  • abhyadhikā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • kṛpā -
  • kṛp (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    kṛpā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.10.19

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.10.19 in Kannada sript:
ತದ್ಯಥಾ ಸುರಭಿಃ ಪ್ರಾಹ ಸಮಮೇವಾಸ್ತು ತೇ ತಥಾ ।
ಸುತೇಷು ರಾಜನ್ಸರ್ವೇಷು ದೀನೇಷ್ವಭ್ಯಧಿಕಾ ಕೃಪಾ ॥ ೧೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.10.19 in Bengali sript:
তদ্যথা সুরভিঃ প্রাহ সমমেবাস্তু তে তথা ।
সুতেষু রাজন্সর্বেষু দীনেষ্বভ্যধিকা কৃপা ॥ ১৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.10.19 in Gujarati sript:
તદ્યથા સુરભિઃ પ્રાહ સમમેવાસ્તુ તે તથા ।
સુતેષુ રાજન્સર્વેષુ દીનેષ્વભ્યધિકા કૃપા ॥ ૧૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.10.19 in Malayalam sript:
തദ്യഥാ സുരഭിഃ പ്രാഹ സമമേവാസ്തു തേ തഥാ ।
സുതേഷു രാജന്സര്വേഷു ദീനേഷ്വഭ്യധികാ കൃപാ ॥ ൧൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.10.19 in Telugu sript:
తద్యథా సురభిః ప్రాహ సమమేవాస్తు తే తథా ।
సుతేషు రాజన్సర్వేషు దీనేష్వభ్యధికా కృపా ॥ ౧౯ ॥

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