Dina, aka: Dīna, Dinā, Dīnā, Ḍīna; 12 Definition(s)


Dina means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Dinā (दिना, “day”):—Sixth of the eight Mātṛs born from the body of Bhānumatī, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra. These eight sub-manifestations (mātṛ), including Dinā, embody several qualities expressive of the sun’s burning heat and glaring light. They are presided over by the Bhairava Ruru. Bhānumatī is the sixth of the Eight Mahāmātṛs, residing within the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras) and represents the sun.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Dīnā (दीना, “pitiable”) refers to a specific “glance” (dṛṣṭi), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. This is a type of glance that expresses the ‘dominant state’ (sthāyibhāva) of sorrow (śoka). There are a total thirty-six glances defined.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Dīnā (दीना).—A type of glance (dṛṣṭi) expressing a dominant state (sthāyibhāva);—The Glance in which the lower eyelid is slightly fallen, eyeballs are slightly swollen, and which is moving very slowly, is called Dīnā (pitiable); it is used in sorrow.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Dina (दिन).—Day. Note: Dina is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Dīna (दीन) refers to “one who is depressed”, representing an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] He should not be very dark, without compassion, a sinner, nor emaciated, short or lazy, he should not be injured, uncultured, agitated and not depressed (dīna). [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., dīna), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., dīna) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.

Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

dina : (nt.) day.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Dīna, (adj.) (Sk. dīna) poor, miserable, wretched; base, mean, low D.II, 202 (?) (°māna; v. l. ninnamāna); J.V, 448; VI, 375; Pv.II, 82 (=adānajjhāsaya PvA.107); IV, 81; Miln.406; PvA.120 (=kapaṇa), 260 (id.), 153; Sdhp.188, 324. (Page 323)

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Dina, (nt.) (Sk. dina; Lat. nun-dinae (*noven-dinom); Oir. denus; Goth. sin-teins; cp. divasa) day Sdhp.239. —duddinaṃ darkness Dāvs.V, 50 (d. sudinaṃ ahosi, cp. I.49, 51); also as f. duddinī Vin.I, 3. (Page 322)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

dina (दिन).—m n (S) A day.

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dīna (दीन).—a (S) Humble, suppliant, submissive. 2 Piteous, lowly, gentle, meek;--used of accents or tones, gestures or looks. 3 S Poor, indigent, needy.

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dīna (दीन).—m ( A) The Muhammadan faith. This is the war-cry, the encouraging shout on engaging (or on rushing to any deed of violence).

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dina (दिन).—

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dīna (दीन).—a Humble, supplicant, submissive. Piteous, lowly, gentle, meek. Poor, needy.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dina (दिन).—[dyuti tamaḥ, do dī vā nak hrasva; Uṇ.2.49.]

1) Day (opp. rātri); दिनान्ते निहितं तेजः सवित्रेव हुताशनः (dinānte nihitaṃ tejaḥ savitreva hutāśanaḥ) R.4.1; यामिनयन्ति दिनानि च सुखदुःखवशीकृते मनसि (yāminayanti dināni ca sukhaduḥkhavaśīkṛte manasi) K.P.1; दिनान्ते निलयाय गन्तुम् (dinānte nilayāya gantum) R.2.15.

2) A day (including the night), a period of 24 hours; दिने दिने सा परिवर्धमाना (dine dine sā parivardhamānā) Ku.1.25; सप्त व्यतीयुस्त्रिगुणानि तस्य दिनानि (sapta vyatīyustriguṇāni tasya dināni) R.2.25.

Derivable forms: dinaḥ (दिनः).

See also (synonyms): dinam.

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Ḍīna (डीन).—p. p. [ḍī-kta] Flown up.

-nam The flight of a bird. The varieties of the flight of birds are said to be 11, the word prefixed to डीन (ḍīna) showing the particular mode of flight; e. g. अवडीनम्, उड्डीनम्, प्रडीनम्, अभिडीनम्, विडीनम्, परिडीनम्, पराडीनम् (avaḍīnam, uḍḍīnam, praḍīnam, abhiḍīnam, viḍīnam, pariḍīnam, parāḍīnam) &c. See Mb.8.41.26-28.

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Dīna (दीन).—a. [dī-kta tasya na]

1) Poor, indigent.

2) Distressed, ruined, afflicted, miserable, wretched.

3) Sorry, dejected, melancholy, sad; सा विरहे तव दीना (sā virahe tava dīnā) Gīt.4.

4) Timid, frightened.

5) Mean, piteous; यं यं पश्यसि तस्य तस्य पुरतो मा ब्रूहि दीनं वचः (yaṃ yaṃ paśyasi tasya tasya purato mā brūhi dīnaṃ vacaḥ) Bh.2.51.

-naḥ A poor person, one in distress or misery; दीनानां कल्पवृक्षः (dīnānāṃ kalpavṛkṣaḥ) Mk.1.48; दिनानि दीनोद्धरणोचितस्य (dināni dīnoddharaṇocitasya) R.2.25.

-nam Distress, wretchedness.

-nā The female of a mouse or shrew.


Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ḍīna (डीन).—n.

(-naṃ) Flying, the flight of a bird, to go. E. ḍī to fly, bhvāve kta .

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Dina (दिन).—mn.

(-naḥ-naṃ) A day. E. to waste, nak affix, and the vowel made short; or do to destroy, (darkness,) kinan Unadi aff.

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Dīna (दीन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Poor, indigent, needy, distressed. 2. Afraid, frightened, timid. f.

(-nā) A mouse or shrew. E. to waste or decay, affix kta, deriv. irr. or as before, Unadi affix nak .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 174 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Sudina (सुदिन).—n. (-naṃ) 1. A fine day, fine weather. 2. An auspicious day. E. su, and dina a ...
Dinakara (दिनकर).—m. (-raḥ) The sun. E. dina day, and kara who makes, kṛ-ṭa .
Durdina (दुर्दिन).—n. (-naṃ) 1. A dark or cloudy day. 2. Rain, or cloudy and rainy weather. E. ...
Dīnanātha (दीननाथ).—A King who lived in Dvāpara Age. He was a mighty and famous Vaiṣṇava. But h...
Brahmadina (ब्रह्मदिन) refers to “one day of Brahmā”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.10, while...
Kūdina (कूदिन).—Civil days or Terrestrial days. Note: Kūdina is a Sanskrit technical term used ...
Tridina (त्रिदिन).—n. (-naṃ) Three days collectively. E. tri, and dina a day.
Dinacaryā (दिनचर्या).—daily occupation, daily routine of business. Dinacaryā is a Sanskrit comp...
Dinamaṇi (दिनमणि).—m. (-ṇiḥ) The sun. E. dina day, and maṇi jewel or gem.
Madhyadina (मध्यदिन).—n. (-naṃ) 1. Noon, midday. 2. The Bandhuka tree.
Dinānta (दिनान्त).—m. (-ntaḥ) Evening, sun-set, close of day. E. dina day, and anta end.
Dīnavatsala (दीनवत्सल).—a. kind to the poor. Dīnavatsala is a Sanskrit compound consisting of t...
Dīnabandhu (दीनबन्धु).—a friend of the poor. Derivable forms: dīnabandhuḥ (दीनबन्धुः).Dīnabandh...
Hari-dina.—(SITI), ‘the day of Hari’; Saturday; the ekādaśī day. Note: hari-dina is defined in ...
Viṣuvaddina (विषुवद्दिन).—The day of the equinox. Note: Viṣuvat-dina is a Sanskrit technical te...

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