Dina, Dīna, Dinā, Dīnā, Ḍīna: 20 definitions



Dina means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Dinā (दिना, “day”):—Sixth of the eight Mātṛs born from the body of Bhānumatī, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra. These eight sub-manifestations (mātṛ), including Dinā, embody several qualities expressive of the sun’s burning heat and glaring light. They are presided over by the Bhairava Ruru. Bhānumatī is the sixth of the Eight Mahāmātṛs, residing within the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras) and represents the sun.

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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Dīnā (दीना, “pitiable”) refers to a specific “glance” (dṛṣṭi), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. This is a type of glance that expresses the ‘dominant state’ (sthāyibhāva) of sorrow (śoka). There are a total thirty-six glances defined.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Dīnā (दीना).—A type of glance (dṛṣṭi) expressing a dominant state (sthāyibhāva);—The Glance in which the lower eyelid is slightly fallen, eyeballs are slightly swollen, and which is moving very slowly, is called Dīnā (pitiable); it is used in sorrow.

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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Dina (दिन).—Day. Note: Dina is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Dīna (दीन) refers to “one who is depressed”, representing an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] He should not be very dark, without compassion, a sinner, nor emaciated, short or lazy, he should not be injured, uncultured, agitated and not depressed (dīna). [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., dīna), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., dīna) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.

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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dīna (दीन) refers to “poor and needy persons”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.17. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] the parents [of Satī] who obtained the news through her friends were very glad and celebrated a great festival (Paramotsava). The noble Dakṣa gave as much wealth to Brahmins as they desired. The noble Vīriṇī gave similar gifts to the blind, the poor and the needy [viz., dīna]. Vīriṇī embraced her daughter on the head and delightfully praised her frequently”.

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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Dina (दिन) refers to “during the day”, and is mentioned in verse 2.1 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Dina (“during the day”) has been paraphrased by ñin re-źiṅ (“during every day”); cf. 1.35. The same expression recurs in 3.2, where CD read ñin re bźin, and in mDzaṅs-blun p. 82.8, where Schiefner (Erganzungen p. 21), with reference to p. 82.3, wants to write ñin re bźin too; here the Petersburg Kanjur, whose provenance has not yet been established beyond doubt (see Ch’en, HJAS is p. 57), offers ñin re-re instead.

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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Dina.—(CII 3), a day; used to denote the solar, or more properly civil, day. See also di and divasa. (IE 7-1-2), ‘fifteen’. Note: dina is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

dina : (nt.) day.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Dīna, (adj.) (Sk. dīna) poor, miserable, wretched; base, mean, low D.II, 202 (?) (°māna; v. l. ninnamāna); J.V, 448; VI, 375; Pv.II, 82 (=adānajjhāsaya PvA.107); IV, 81; Miln.406; PvA.120 (=kapaṇa), 260 (id.), 153; Sdhp.188, 324. (Page 323)

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Dina, (nt.) (Sk. dina; Lat. nun-dinae (*noven-dinom); Oir. denus; Goth. sin-teins; cp. divasa) day Sdhp.239. —duddinaṃ darkness Dāvs.V, 50 (d. sudinaṃ ahosi, cp. I.49, 51); also as f. duddinī Vin.I, 3. (Page 322)

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dina (दिन).—m n (S) A day.

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dīna (दीन).—a (S) Humble, suppliant, submissive. 2 Piteous, lowly, gentle, meek;--used of accents or tones, gestures or looks. 3 S Poor, indigent, needy.

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dīna (दीन).—m ( A) The Muhammadan faith. This is the war-cry, the encouraging shout on engaging (or on rushing to any deed of violence).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dina (दिन).—

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dīna (दीन).—a Humble, supplicant, submissive. Piteous, lowly, gentle, meek. Poor, needy.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dina (दिन).—[dyuti tamaḥ, do dī vā nak hrasva; Uṇ.2.49.]

1) Day (opp. rātri); दिनान्ते निहितं तेजः सवित्रेव हुताशनः (dinānte nihitaṃ tejaḥ savitreva hutāśanaḥ) R.4.1; यामिनयन्ति दिनानि च सुखदुःखवशीकृते मनसि (yāminayanti dināni ca sukhaduḥkhavaśīkṛte manasi) K.P.1; दिनान्ते निलयाय गन्तुम् (dinānte nilayāya gantum) R.2.15.

2) A day (including the night), a period of 24 hours; दिने दिने सा परिवर्धमाना (dine dine sā parivardhamānā) Ku.1.25; सप्त व्यतीयुस्त्रिगुणानि तस्य दिनानि (sapta vyatīyustriguṇāni tasya dināni) R.2.25.

Derivable forms: dinaḥ (दिनः).

See also (synonyms): dinam.

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Ḍīna (डीन).—p. p. [ḍī-kta] Flown up.

-nam The flight of a bird. The varieties of the flight of birds are said to be 11, the word prefixed to डीन (ḍīna) showing the particular mode of flight; e. g. अवडीनम्, उड्डीनम्, प्रडीनम्, अभिडीनम्, विडीनम्, परिडीनम्, पराडीनम् (avaḍīnam, uḍḍīnam, praḍīnam, abhiḍīnam, viḍīnam, pariḍīnam, parāḍīnam) &c. See Mb.8.41.26-28.

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Dīna (दीन).—a. [dī-kta tasya na]

1) Poor, indigent.

2) Distressed, ruined, afflicted, miserable, wretched.

3) Sorry, dejected, melancholy, sad; सा विरहे तव दीना (sā virahe tava dīnā) Gīt.4.

4) Timid, frightened.

5) Mean, piteous; यं यं पश्यसि तस्य तस्य पुरतो मा ब्रूहि दीनं वचः (yaṃ yaṃ paśyasi tasya tasya purato mā brūhi dīnaṃ vacaḥ) Bh.2.51.

-naḥ A poor person, one in distress or misery; दीनानां कल्पवृक्षः (dīnānāṃ kalpavṛkṣaḥ) Mk.1.48; दिनानि दीनोद्धरणोचितस्य (dināni dīnoddharaṇocitasya) R.2.25.

-nam Distress, wretchedness.

-nā The female of a mouse or shrew.


Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ḍīna (डीन).—n.

(-naṃ) Flying, the flight of a bird, to go. E. ḍī to fly, bhvāve kta .

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Dina (दिन).—mn.

(-naḥ-naṃ) A day. E. to waste, nak affix, and the vowel made short; or do to destroy, (darkness,) kinan Unadi aff.

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Dīna (दीन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Poor, indigent, needy, distressed. 2. Afraid, frightened, timid. f.

(-nā) A mouse or shrew. E. to waste or decay, affix kta, deriv. irr. or as before, Unadi affix nak .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dina (दिन).—i. e. div + an + a, m. and n. Day, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 144.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ḍīna (डीन).—[neuter] flying, flight (of a bird).

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Dina (दिन).—1. v. 3 .

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Dina (दिन).—2. [neuter] day.

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Dīna (दीन).—[adjective] scarce, scanty, weak, feeble ([abstract] [feminine]); depressed, sad, wretched, [neuter] as [abstract] & [adverb] (also dīnakam).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ḍīna (डीन):—[from ḍī] mfn. (cf. [Pāṇini 7-2, 14; viii, 2, 45; Kāśikā-vṛtti]) flown, flying, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [v.s. ...] n. a bird’s flight, [Mahābhārata viii, 1899 f.]

3) [v.s. ...] cf. ati-, abhi-, ava-, ni-, nir-, parā-, pari-, punar-, etc.

4) Dina (दिन):—1. dina mfn. (√do) cut, divided, mowed, [Ṛg-veda viii, 67, 10] (cf. svayaṃ-).

5) 2. dina (√3. ). See a-saṃ-

6) 3. dina (accented only, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 9]) mn. ([gana] ardharcādi, only occurring as n.) a day, [Manu-smṛti; Raghuvaṃśa; Pañcatantra] etc. (ifc. also in Vedic texts) ifc. f(ā). , [Rājataraṅgiṇī i, 347.]

7) cf. [Latin] peren-dinus, nUndinus etc.; Got. sin-teins; Lit. dëna; O.[proper] [accusative] sg. deinan; [Slavonic or Slavonian] dṛnī.

8) Dīna (दीन):—[from ] a mfn. ([from] √3. di?) scarce, scanty, [Ṛg-veda]

9) [v.s. ...] depressed, afflicted, timid, sad

10) [v.s. ...] miserable, wretched, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

11) [from ] n. distress, wretchedness, [Harivaṃśa; Pañcatantra]

12) [v.s. ...] Tabernamontana Coronaria, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) Dīnā (दीना):—[from dīna > dī] f. the female of a mouse or shrew, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) Dīna (दीन):—b mfn. See under √3. .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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