Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.187.30

एष धर्मो ध्रुवो राजंश्चरैनमविचारयन् ।
मा च तेऽत्र विशङ्का भूत्कथंचिदपि पार्थिव ॥ ३० ॥

eṣa dharmo dhruvo rājaṃścarainamavicārayan |
mā ca te'tra viśaṅkā bhūtkathaṃcidapi pārthiva || 30 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...nothing could be better; nothing more beneficial; nothing more conducive to fame and virtue, so far as Drupada is concerned.' "Having said this, the priest remained silent and humbly waited...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.187.30). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Esha, Dharma, Dhruva, Rajan, Rajat, Cara, Aina, Avicarayat, Asmad, Tad, Yushmad, Atra, Vishanka, Katham, Katha, Cit, Api, Parthiva,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.187.30). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “eṣa dharmo dhruvo rājaṃścarainamavicārayan
  • eṣa -
  • eṣa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    eṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single], [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
    iṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • dharmo* -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dhruvo* -
  • dhruva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • rājaṃś -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    rāj -> rājat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb]
  • carai -
  • cara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    cara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    carā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    car (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • ainam -
  • aina (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • avicārayan -
  • avicārayat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “ ca te'tra viśaṅkā bhūtkathaṃcidapi pārthiva
  • -
  • (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • te' -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • atra -
  • atra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    atra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    atra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • viśaṅkā* -
  • viśaṅka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    viśaṅkā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • bhūt -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [injunctive active third single]
  • kathañ -
  • katham (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    katham (indeclinable)
    katha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    katha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • cid -
  • cit (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • pārthiva -
  • pārthiva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pārthiva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.187.30

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.187.30 in Kannada sript:
ಏಷ ಧರ್ಮೋ ಧ್ರುವೋ ರಾಜಂಶ್ಚರೈನಮವಿಚಾರಯನ್ ।
ಮಾ ಚ ತೇಽತ್ರ ವಿಶಙ್ಕಾ ಭೂತ್ಕಥಂಚಿದಪಿ ಪಾರ್ಥಿವ ॥ ೩೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.187.30 in Bengali sript:
এষ ধর্মো ধ্রুবো রাজংশ্চরৈনমবিচারযন্ ।
মা চ তেঽত্র বিশঙ্কা ভূত্কথংচিদপি পার্থিব ॥ ৩০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.187.30 in Gujarati sript:
એષ ધર્મો ધ્રુવો રાજંશ્ચરૈનમવિચારયન્ ।
મા ચ તેઽત્ર વિશઙ્કા ભૂત્કથંચિદપિ પાર્થિવ ॥ ૩૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.187.30 in Malayalam sript:
ഏഷ ധര്മോ ധ്രുവോ രാജംശ്ചരൈനമവിചാരയന് ।
മാ ച തേഽത്ര വിശങ്കാ ഭൂത്കഥംചിദപി പാര്ഥിവ ॥ ൩൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.187.30 in Telugu sript:
ఏష ధర్మో ధ్రువో రాజంశ్చరైనమవిచారయన్ ।
మా చ తేఽత్ర విశఙ్కా భూత్కథంచిదపి పార్థివ ॥ ౩౦ ॥

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