Aina, Aīna, Aiṇa: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Aina means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Aen.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aīna (अईन).—For words beginning with ai and aī, see under ऐ.

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aīna (अईन).—f ( P) Good behaviour or breeding; manners or bearing. Ex. hā ainīcā gṛhastha; hā ainīnēṃ jātō or cālatō; hyācī mōṭhī a0 āhē. Pr. ainīlā marāvēṃ kharavaḍīlā jhulāvēṃ Used of one who, from punctiliousness or fastidious refinement, refuses an invitation to a feast, whilst he will eagerly accept scrapings or scraps brought to him from it. Also Pr. a0 rāvaṇācī āsa lēṇḍukācī One in bearing lofty as Lucifer, but well-contented with a nodule of excrement.

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āīna (आईन).—m A tree, Pentaptera tomentosa. Grah.

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aina (ऐन).—ind ( A) A particle and prefix of emphatic power. It implies exactness, completeness, superlativeness &c. Ex. ainaunhāḷā, ainahiṃvāḷā, ainapāvasāḷā The very height or middle of the hot season, of the winter, of the rains; ainadōna- prahara Exact noon; ainavēḷa The very nick of time; ainasōdā-luccā-labāḍa-harāmī An arrant or thorough-paced scamp, rogue, liar &c.; ainabhara The spring, prime, zenith, plenitude, meridian, heyday, flush (of prosperity, health, youth, fame &c.; of products of the season; of imports &c.; as ainadaulata, ainajavānī, ainaaiśvarya, ainaāmadānī, ainahaṅgāma &c.); ainaghāī The height of hubbub and hurry; ainamārā- mārī The heat of the conflict; or the thickest of the fight. 2 It is used also in the sense of " Original, primary, principal": as ainakarja The original debt; the sum borrowed or lent;--as disting. from the sum increased through the accruing of interest; ainakārabhārī The head (manager, minister, factor, steward &c.); ainakimata Prime cost; ainakharca Original or main cost or expenses (as of a horse, opp. to that of horse-furniture; of the articles of food at a feast, opp. to the expense of fire-works, shows &c.); ainagallā The amount of corn as determined by the survey: also the survey-assessment. ainajamā or ainajamābandī The established or regular revenue; as disting. from khērījajamā or kamāvīsajamā Results from fines, presents, arbitrary exactions &c.; or The original and ordinary revenue; as disting. from increase or decrease in a particular year; ainajinnasa The products of the soil; as disting. from money. (Used with reference to payment of the revenue in kind.) ainadasta The regular cess or impost (upon fields and enclosures &c.) as disting. from savāī, vartāḷā, bābatī &c. ainanakada or nakada The amount of the revenue receivable in money: also the money-value of revenue receivable in kind. ainavasulī That part of the revenue-grain which, after the amount commuted at fixed rates is deducted, is received in kind. ainamōkāsā The Sirdar-allotment of cautha q. v. ainaphājīla A head in revenue-accounts. It includes all produce extra to or excepting agricultural and the regular horticultural; viz. that from mango-groves, melon-plots, pāṇabharā grounds, meadows or grass-enclosures &c. ainamuddala The original sum (lent, borrowed, embarked), opp. to interest, or to profits accruing from traffic.

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aina (ऐन).—f ( P) Good behaviour &c. In this sense the word is better written aīna.

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aina (ऐन).—m A tree, Pentaptera tomentosa. Grah.

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ainā (ऐना).—m ( P) A mirror or looking glass. 2 or ainē pl Spectacles.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aīna (अईन).—f Good behaviour or breeding; manners or bearing.

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aina (ऐन).—ind A particle and prefix of empha- tic power; it implies exactness, com- pleteness, superlativeness. Ex. aina unhāḷā, aina hiṃvāḷā The very height or middle of the hot season, winter. aina dōna prahara Exact noon. aina vēḷa The very nick of time. aina sōdā An arrant scamp. aina ghāī The height of hubbub & hurry. aina mārāmārī The heat of the conflict, or the thickest of the fight. It is also used in the sense of original, prim- ary, principal; as aina karja the original debt, the principal. aina kimmata Prime cost. aina kharca Original or main cost or expense (as of a horse, opp. to that of horse-furniture).

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ainā (ऐना).—m A mirror. pl Spectacles.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aiṇa (ऐण).—a. (eṇa-aṇ) (-ṇī f.) Of or belonging to an antelope (as skin, wool &c.); Y.1.259.

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Aina (ऐन).—a. (inaḥ sūryaḥ, tasya idam) Of the sun. निर्वर्ण्य वर्णेन समानमैनं बिम्बेन बिम्बं च्युतमस्तशृङ्गात् (nirvarṇya varṇena samānamainaṃ bimbena bimbaṃ cyutamastaśṛṅgāt) Rām. Ch.6.25.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aiṇa (ऐण).—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇī-ṇaṃ) Belonging to a male antelope. E. eṇa an antelope, aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aiṇa (ऐण).—i. e. eṇa + a, adj. Belonging to the black antelope (as flesh), [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 258.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aiṇa (ऐण).—[adjective] coming from the male black antelope.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aiṇa (ऐण):—mf(ī)n. ([from] eṇa), produced from or belonging to the male black antelope, [Yājñavalkya i, 258; Kāśikā-vṛtti on Pāṇini 4-3, 159.]

2) Aina (ऐन):—m. [plural] Name of a people, [Mahābhārata] ([edition] Calc.), [ xiii]

3) ([varia lectio] aila.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aiṇa (ऐण):—[(ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) a.] Belonging to a male antelope.

[Sanskrit to German]

Aina in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Āinā (आइना):—(nm) a looking glass, mirror; [āine meṃ muṃha dekhanā] to reflect on one’s own capabilities and merits, to know oneself; ~[sāja] a mirror-maker.

2) Āīna (आईन):—(nm) law; legislation~[] legal; legislative.

3) Aina (ऐन) [Also spelled aen]:—(a) exact, just; —[vakta para] in the nick of time, just then, just in time, at the eleventh hour.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Aiṇa (ऐण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Ajina.

2) Āīṇa (आईण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Ādīna.

3) Āīṇa (आईण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Ājina.

Āīṇa has the following synonyms: Āīṇaga.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aiṇa (ಐಣ):—[adjective] of or belonging to male black antelope.

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Aina (ಐನ):—[adjective] = ಐನು [ainu].

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Ainā (ಐನಾ):—

1) [noun] a glass pane; a mirror.

2) [noun] a pair of eye glasses; spectacles.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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