Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.1.155

यदाश्रौषं ब्रह्मशिरोऽर्जुनेन मुक्तं स्वस्तीत्यस्त्रमस्त्रेण शान्तम् ।
अश्वत्थाम्ना मणिरत्नं च दत्तं तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय ॥ १५५ ॥

yadāśrauṣaṃ brahmaśiro'rjunena muktaṃ svastītyastramastreṇa śāntam |
aśvatthāmnā maṇiratnaṃ ca dattaṃ tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya || 155 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...sink, Krishna showed him all the worlds within his body, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that Bhishma, the desolator of foes, killing ten thousand charioteers...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.1.155). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yada, Yad, Brahmashiras, Brahmashira, Arjuna, Mukta, Svasti, Itya, Tra, Astra, Shanta, Ashvatthaman, Maniratna, Datta, Tada, Nasha, Vijaya, Sanjaya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.1.155). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yadāśrauṣaṃ brahmaśiro'rjunena muktaṃ svastītyastramastreṇa śāntam
  • yadā -
  • yadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yadā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • aśrauṣam -
  • śru (verb class 5)
    [aorist active first single]
  • brahmaśiro' -
  • brahmaśiras (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    brahmaśira (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • arjunena -
  • arjuna (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    arjuna (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • muktam -
  • mukta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mukta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    muktā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    muc -> mukta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √muc class 6 verb]
    muc -> mukta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √muc class 6 verb], [accusative single from √muc class 6 verb]
    muc -> mukta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √muc class 1 verb]
    muc -> mukta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √muc class 1 verb], [accusative single from √muc class 1 verb]
    muj -> mukta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √muj class 1 verb]
    muj -> mukta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √muj class 1 verb], [accusative single from √muj class 1 verb]
  • svastī -
  • svasti (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    svastī (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    svasti (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    svasti (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    svastī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    svastī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    svastī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • ityas -
  • itya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    i -> itya (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb]
  • tram -
  • tra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    tra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    trā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • astreṇa -
  • astra (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • śāntam -
  • śānta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śānta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śāntā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    śam -> śānta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √śam class 4 verb], [accusative single from √śam class 9 verb]
    śam -> śānta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √śam class 4 verb], [accusative single from √śam class 4 verb], [nominative single from √śam class 9 verb], [accusative single from √śam class 9 verb]
  • Line 2: “aśvatthāmnā maṇiratnaṃ ca dattaṃ tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
  • aśvatthāmnā -
  • aśvatthāman (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    aśvatthāman (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • maṇiratnam -
  • maṇiratna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dattam -
  • datta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    datta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dattā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    (verb class 3)
    [imperative active second dual]
  • tadā* -
  • tadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tada (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • nāśaṃ -
  • nāśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    naś -> nāśam (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √naś]
    naś -> nāśam (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √naś]
  • se -
  • si (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    sa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [present middle second single]
  • vijayāya -
  • vijaya (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    vijaya (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • sañjaya -
  • sañjaya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sañjaya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.1.155

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.1.155 in Kannada sript:
ಯದಾಶ್ರೌಷಂ ಬ್ರಹ್ಮಶಿರೋಽರ್ಜುನೇನ ಮುಕ್ತಂ ಸ್ವಸ್ತೀತ್ಯಸ್ತ್ರಮಸ್ತ್ರೇಣ ಶಾನ್ತಮ್ ।
ಅಶ್ವತ್ಥಾಮ್ನಾ ಮಣಿರತ್ನಂ ಚ ದತ್ತಂ ತದಾ ನಾಶಂಸೇ ವಿಜಯಾಯ ಸಂಜಯ ॥ ೧೫೫ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.1.155 in Bengali sript:
যদাশ্রৌষং ব্রহ্মশিরোঽর্জুনেন মুক্তং স্বস্তীত্যস্ত্রমস্ত্রেণ শান্তম্ ।
অশ্বত্থাম্না মণিরত্নং চ দত্তং তদা নাশংসে বিজযায সংজয ॥ ১৫৫ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.1.155 in Gujarati sript:
યદાશ્રૌષં બ્રહ્મશિરોઽર્જુનેન મુક્તં સ્વસ્તીત્યસ્ત્રમસ્ત્રેણ શાન્તમ્ ।
અશ્વત્થામ્ના મણિરત્નં ચ દત્તં તદા નાશંસે વિજયાય સંજય ॥ ૧૫૫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.1.155 in Malayalam sript:
യദാശ്രൌഷം ബ്രഹ്മശിരോഽര്ജുനേന മുക്തം സ്വസ്തീത്യസ്ത്രമസ്ത്രേണ ശാന്തമ് ।
അശ്വത്ഥാമ്നാ മണിരത്നം ച ദത്തം തദാ നാശംസേ വിജയായ സംജയ ॥ ൧൫൫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.1.155 in Telugu sript:
యదాశ్రౌషం బ్రహ్మశిరోఽర్జునేన ముక్తం స్వస్తీత్యస్త్రమస్త్రేణ శాన్తమ్ ।
అశ్వత్థామ్నా మణిరత్నం చ దత్తం తదా నాశంసే విజయాయ సంజయ ॥ ౧౫౫ ॥

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: