Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 8.51.23

मागधानामधिपतिर्जयत्सेनो महाबलः ।
अद्य सप्तैव चाहानि हतः संख्येऽभिमन्युना ॥ २३ ॥

māgadhānāmadhipatirjayatseno mahābalaḥ |
adya saptaiva cāhāni hataḥ saṃkhye'bhimanyunā || 23 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Karna on that occasion, all the gods as also the Siddhas and the Caranas were gratified. All the great bowmen among the Dhartarashtras also, O best of men, applauded Karna, that foremost of great car-warriors,...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.51.23). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Magadha, Adhipati, Jayatsena, Mahabala, Adya, Sapta, Saptan, Aha, Ahan, Hata, Sankhya, Abhimanyu,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 8.51.23). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “māgadhānāmadhipatirjayatseno mahābalaḥ
  • māgadhānām -
  • māgadha (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    māgadha (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    māgadhā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • adhipatir -
  • adhipati (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • jayatseno* -
  • jayatsena (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mahābalaḥ -
  • mahābala (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “adya saptaiva cāhāni hataḥ saṃkhye'bhimanyunā
  • adya -
  • adya (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    adya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    adya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • saptai -
  • sapta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sapta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    saptan (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    saptan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    saptā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    sap -> sapta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √sap class 1 verb]
    sap -> sapta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √sap class 1 verb]
    sap -> saptā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √sap class 1 verb]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ahāni -
  • aha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    ahan (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • hataḥ -
  • hata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    han -> hata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √han class 1 verb], [nominative single from √han class 2 verb]
    han (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • saṅkhye' -
  • saṅkhya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    saṅkhya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    saṅkhyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • abhimanyunā -
  • abhimanyu (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 8.51.23

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 8.51.23 in Kannada sript:
ಮಾಗಧಾನಾಮಧಿಪತಿರ್ಜಯತ್ಸೇನೋ ಮಹಾಬಲಃ ।
ಅದ್ಯ ಸಪ್ತೈವ ಚಾಹಾನಿ ಹತಃ ಸಂಖ್ಯೇಽಭಿಮನ್ಯುನಾ ॥ ೨೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 8.51.23 in Bengali sript:
মাগধানামধিপতির্জযত্সেনো মহাবলঃ ।
অদ্য সপ্তৈব চাহানি হতঃ সংখ্যেঽভিমন্যুনা ॥ ২৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 8.51.23 in Gujarati sript:
માગધાનામધિપતિર્જયત્સેનો મહાબલઃ ।
અદ્ય સપ્તૈવ ચાહાનિ હતઃ સંખ્યેઽભિમન્યુના ॥ ૨૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 8.51.23 in Malayalam sript:
മാഗധാനാമധിപതിര്ജയത്സേനോ മഹാബലഃ ।
അദ്യ സപ്തൈവ ചാഹാനി ഹതഃ സംഖ്യേഽഭിമന്യുനാ ॥ ൨൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 8.51.23 in Telugu sript:
మాగధానామధిపతిర్జయత్సేనో మహాబలః ।
అద్య సప్తైవ చాహాని హతః సంఖ్యేఽభిమన్యునా ॥ ౨౩ ॥

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