Jayatsena, Jayatsenā: 8 definitions
Jayatsena means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
1) Jayatsena (जयत्सेन).—A King of the kingdom of Magadha. It is stated in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 67 that this King, who was the son of Jarāsandha, belonged to the family of Kālakeya. This King was a friend of the Pāṇḍavas. Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 185, Stanza 8, that Jayatsena was present at the svayaṃvara (marriage) of Draupadī. Towards the end of the battle of Bhārata, the Pāṇḍavas sent a letter of invitation to this King and accordingly he came to the help of the Pāṇḍavas with an akṣauhiṇī of army (21870 Chariots, 21870 elephants, 65610 horses and 109350 infantry). (Mahābhārata Udyoga Parva, Chapter 19, Stanza 8).
2) Jayatsena (जयत्सेन).—A King of the Pūru dynasty. His father was Sārvabhauma and his mother was the princess Sunandā of Kekaya. Jayatsena married Suśravas, the princess of Vidarbha. A son named Arvācīna was born to them. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 35).
3) Jayatsena (जयत्सेन).—The name assumed by Nakula in his life incognito. (Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 5, Stanza 35).
4) Jayatsena (जयत्सेन).—A King who took the side of the Kauravas. He was son of Jarāsandha. This King came with an akṣauhiṇī of army and helped the Kauravas in the battle of Bhārata. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 16, Stanza 16). It is mentioned in Karṇa Parva, Chapter 5, Stanza 30 that this King was killed by Abhimanyu.*
*) The Mahābhārata mentions two princes of Magadha, bearing the same name 'Jayatsena'. The fathers of both of them happen to be Jarāsandhas. But it is said that after the death of the famovs Jarāsandha his son Sahadeva became king. This Sahadeva, with his brother Jayatsena took the side of the Pāṇḍavas and fought against the Kauravas. Hence the King Jayatsena mentioned here must be the son of some other Jarāsandha of the Kingdom of Magadha.
5) Jayatsena (जयत्सेन).—A son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 69, that this Jayatsena was defeated by Śatānīka and in Śalya Parva, Chapter 26 that he was killed by Bhīmasena.
6) Jayatsenā (जयत्सेना).—An attendant of Subrahmaṇya. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva. Chapter 46, Stanza 12).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Jayatsena (जयत्सेन).—The son of Ahina, father of Samkṛti.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 68. 10.
1b) A son of Sārvabhauma1 and father of Ārādhita.2
1c) A son of Adīna and father of Samkṛti.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 93. 10; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 9. 27.
Jayatsena (जयत्सेन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.46) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Jayatsena) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
Jayatsenā also refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.6).
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Jayatsena (जयत्सेन): A kinsman of the Pandavas.
-- or --
Jayatsena (जयत्सेन): A warrior fighting on the side of Kauravas.
Languages of India and abroad
Jayatsena (जयत्सेन).—A name assumed by Nakula while living at Virāṭa King.
Derivable forms: jayatsenaḥ (जयत्सेनः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Jayatsena (जयत्सेन):—[=jayat-sena] [from jayat > jaya] m. (ya-s), ‘having victorious armies’, Name of a Magadha king, [Mahābhārata i, v, ix; Harivaṃśa 6725]
2) [v.s. ...] of a son (of Sārvabhauma, [Mahābhārata i, 3769];—of Nadīna, [Harivaṃśa 1516; Viṣṇu-purāṇa iv, 9, 8; Vāyu-purāṇa])
3) [v.s. ...] a Name assumed by a Pāṇḍu prince at Virāṭa’s court, [Mahābhārata iv, 176]
4) Jayatsenā (जयत्सेना):—[=jayat-senā] [from jayat-sena > jayat > jaya] f. Name of one of the mothers attending on Skanda, ix, 2624.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+11): Shushrava, Rucira, Aradhi, Aradhita, Ahina, Sarvabhauma, Satkriti, Adina, Avacina, Nadina, Divodasa, Samkriti, Jarasandha, Jayasena, Bhishma, Udayana, Sushravas, Arjuna, Abhimanyu, Shrutakirti.
Search found 12 books and stories containing Jayatsena, Jayat-sena, Jayat-senā, Jayatsenā; (plurals include: Jayatsenas, senas, senās, Jayatsenās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section LXXX < [Bhagavat-Gita Parva]
Section IV < [Udyoga Parva]
Section 26 < [Shalya Parva]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
The history of Andhra country (1000 AD - 1500 AD) (by Yashoda Devi)
Part 1 - The Matsyas of Oddadi (A.D. 1200-1470) < [Chapter XIII - The Dynasties in South Kalinga]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CXXXIX - Genealogy of the princes of the lunar race < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
Chapter 6 - The Fifth and Sixth Days of the Great Battle < [Bhisma Parva]
Chapter 1 - Plans for the Thirteenth Year < [Virata Parva]
Chapter 1 - The Pandavas Prepare for War < [Udyoga Parva]