Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

Verse 1.101

अन्यथैव हि सौहार्दं भवेत् स्वच्छान्तरात्मनः ।
प्रवर्ततेऽन्यथा वाणी शाठ्योपहत-चेतसः ॥ १०१ ॥

anyathaiva hi sauhārdaṃ bhavet svacchāntarātmanaḥ |
pravartate'nyathā vāṇī śāṭhyopahata-cetasaḥ || 101 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 1.101 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.101). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Anyatha, Sauharda, Svaccha, Tara, Mana, Manas, Pravarta, Tad, Yushmad, Vani, Vanin, Shathya, Upahata, Cetas, Cetasa,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 1.101). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “anyathaiva hi sauhārdaṃ bhavet svacchāntarātmanaḥ
  • anyathai -
  • anyathā (indeclinable)
    anyathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • sauhārdam -
  • sauhārda (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sauhārda (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • bhavet -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [optative active third single]
  • svacchān -
  • svaccha (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • tarāt -
  • tara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    tara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • manaḥ -
  • manas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    mana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “pravartate'nyathā vāṇī śāṭhyopahata-cetasaḥ
  • pravarta -
  • pravarta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • te' -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • anyathā* -
  • anyathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vāṇī -
  • vāṇī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    vāṇi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    vāṇin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śāṭhyo -
  • śāṭhya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śaṭh -> śāṭhya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √śaṭh class 1 verb]
    śaṭh -> śāṭhya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √śaṭh class 1 verb]
    śaṭh -> śāṭhyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √śaṭh class 1 verb]
  • upahata -
  • upahata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    upahata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • cetasaḥ -
  • cetas (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    cetasa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 1.101

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.101 in Gujarati sript:
અન્યથૈવ હિ સૌહાર્દં ભવેત્ સ્વચ્છાન્તરાત્મનઃ ।
પ્રવર્તતેઽન્યથા વાણી શાઠ્યોપહત-ચેતસઃ ॥ ૧૦૧ ॥

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