Ashtavakra Gita [sanskrit]

by John Richards | 1994 | 2,996 words

Ashtavakra Gita is a Sanskrit text belonging to the Advaita Vedanta school of orthodox Indian philosophy, instructing the reader in some of the core concepts. Traditionally believed to be authored by sage Ashtavakra, it is presented in the form of a dialogue between him and Janaka, king of Mithila. Alternative titles: अष्टावक्रगीता, Aṣṭāvakragītā, Astavakragita, अष्टावक्र-गीता, Aṣṭāvakra-gītā.

Verse 18.51

अकर्तृत्वमभोक्तृत्वं स्वात्मनो मन्यते यदा ।
तदा क्षीणा भवन्त्येव समस्ताश्चित्तवृत्तयः ॥ ५१ ॥

akartṛtvamabhoktṛtvaṃ svātmano manyate yadā |
tadā kṣīṇā bhavantyeva samastāścittavṛttayaḥ || 51 ||

When one sees oneself as neither the doer nor the reaper of the consequences, then all mind waves come to an end.

English translation by John Richards (1994) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (18.51). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Akartritva, Abhoktri, Tva, Yushmad, Svatman, Yada, Yad, Tada, Kshina, Bhavanti, Bhavat, Bhavant, Eva, Samasta, Cittavritti,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ashtavakra Gita Verse 18.51). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “akartṛtvamabhoktṛtvaṃ svātmano manyate yadā
  • akartṛtvam -
  • akartṛtva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • abhoktṛ -
  • abhoktṛ (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhoktṛ (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • tvam -
  • tva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tva (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • svātmano* -
  • svātman (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • manyate -
  • man (verb class 4)
    [present middle third single], [present passive third single]
    man (verb class 8)
    [present passive third single]
  • yadā -
  • yadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yadā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • Line 2: “tadā kṣīṇā bhavantyeva samastāścittavṛttayaḥ
  • tadā -
  • tadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tadā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • kṣīṇā* -
  • kṣīṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kṣīṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    kṣī -> kṣīṇa (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √kṣī class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √kṣī class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √kṣī class 5 verb], [vocative plural from √kṣī class 5 verb], [nominative plural from √kṣī class 9 verb], [vocative plural from √kṣī class 9 verb]
    kṣī -> kṣīṇā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √kṣī class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √kṣī class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √kṣī class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √kṣī class 5 verb], [vocative plural from √kṣī class 5 verb], [accusative plural from √kṣī class 5 verb], [nominative plural from √kṣī class 9 verb], [vocative plural from √kṣī class 9 verb], [accusative plural from √kṣī class 9 verb]
  • bhavantye -
  • bhavanti (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    bhavantī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    bhavat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [nominative plural], [vocative dual], [vocative plural], [accusative dual], [accusative plural]
    bhavant (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • samastāś -
  • samasta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    samastā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • cittavṛttayaḥ -
  • cittavṛtti (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Ashtavakra Gita Verse 18.51

Cover of edition (2016)

Astavakra (Ashtavakra) Gita
by Swami Chinmayananda (2016)

Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation and Detailed Commentary

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Cover of edition (2013)

Ashtavakra Gita
by Kaka Hariom (2013)

Word-to-Word Meaning with Hindi Translation

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