Kshina, Kṣīṇa: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Kshina means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṣīṇa can be transliterated into English as Ksina or Kshina, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Kṣīṇa (क्षीण) refers to “pulmonary consumption”, as mentioned in verse 5.21-23 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] among the (different kinds of milk [viz., payas]), cow’s milk [viz., gavya] (is) a vitalizer (and) elixir; (it is) wholesome for pulmonary rupture and pulmonary consumption [viz., kṣīṇa], intellectualizing, invigorative, productive of breast-milk, (and) purgative, (and) destroys fatigue, giddiness, intoxication, unbeautifulness, dyspnea, cough, excessive thirst, hunger, old fever, strangury, and hemorrhage [...]”.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Kṣīṇa (क्षीण):—Weak, Feeble

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kṣīṇa (क्षीण) refers to “slender” and is used to describe Pārvatī, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.12.—Accordingly, after Himācala (i.e., Himālaya) brought his daughter (Pārvatī) before Śiva: “Then Śiva looked at her in the first flush of her youth. [...] Her two breasts resembling lotus-buds were stout, plump and firm. Her waist was slender [i.e., kṣīṇa-madhyā] and the curly locks of her hair shone well. Her feet resembled the land-lotus and were comely in appearance. She was competent to shake the minds of even the sages deeply engrossed in meditation, even at the very sight. She was a crest-jewel of all the maidens in the world”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Kṣīṇa (क्षीण) refers to “destruction (of the experiences that need to be experienced)” [?], according to the Jayadrathayāmala, Ṣaṭka 1 verse 13.3-18.—Accordingly, “[...] But that initiation which [is performed] after [all experiences that] need to be experienced have waned (kṣīṇa-bhogyavaśa), that is the piṇḍapātikā (i.e. which causes the dropping of the body). [The Ācārya] should take hold [of the soul] through yoga and expel it with the razor and other fierce mantras in order to bring its union [with the deity] through the highest fusion. For this is the [initiation which] bestows liberation immediately”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Kṣīṇa (क्षीण) refers to “destruction (of delusion)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Now the fourfold division (caturvidha). It is as follows: A detailed definition of meditation which is considered as fourfold by the lords of mendicants (i.e. the Jinas) whose delusion is destroyed (kṣīṇa-mohakṣīṇamohaiṛ munīśvaraiḥ) [and] who are familiar with meditation [is] in the Pūrva collection and the other Aṅgas. Nowadays no-one is capable of describing even a hundredth part of that (i.e. the detailed meditation). Therefore, the very well-known meaning which is only a hint is described here”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kṣīṇa (क्षीण).—p (S) Wasted, consumed, emaciated, reduced to leanness and meagreness. 2 Destroyed, extinguished, annihilated. 3 Thin, lean; slender, slim.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kṣiṇa (क्षिण).—p Wasted. Destroyed. Thin, lean.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṣīṇa (क्षीण).—p. p. [kṣi-kta]

1) Thin, emaciated, waned, become lean, diminished, worn away, expended; भार्यां क्षीणेषु वित्तेषु (bhāryāṃ kṣīṇeṣu vitteṣu) (jānīyāt) H.1.7; so क्षीणः क्षीणोऽपि शशी (kṣīṇaḥ kṣīṇo'pi śaśī); K. P. क्षीणे पुण्ये मर्त्यलोकं विशन्ति (kṣīṇe puṇye martyalokaṃ viśanti) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 9.21.

2) Slender, delicate; क्षीणेन मध्येऽपि सतोदरेण (kṣīṇena madhye'pi satodareṇa) N.7.81.

3) Small, little.

4) Poor, miserable; यो वै प्रियसुखे क्षीणः (yo vai priyasukhe kṣīṇaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.295.13.

5) Powerless, weak.

6) Wasted away, decreased, lost, diminished.

7) Dead, destroyed; अक्षीणभक्तिः क्षीणेऽपि नन्दे (akṣīṇabhaktiḥ kṣīṇe'pi nande) Mu.2.21.

8) Injured, broken, torn;

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Kṣīṇa (क्षीण).—See under [kṣi].

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣīṇa (क्षीण).—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) 1. Thin, emaciated, feeble. 2. Thin, slender. 3. Wasted, diminished, worn away, expended. 4. Destroyed, lost. 5. Injured, broken, torn. 6. Subdued, suppressed. 7. Poor, miserable. E. kṣi to waste, affix kta, deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣīṇa (क्षीण).—see 3. kṣi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣīṇa (क्षीण).—[adjective] diminished, wasted, exhausted, broken down, thin, emaciated, feeble; [abstract] † [feminine], tva† [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṣīṇa (क्षीण):—[from kṣi] a mfn. diminished, wasted, expended, lost, destroyed, worn away, waning (as the moon), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Muṇḍaka-upaniṣad; Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] weakened, injured, broken, torn, emaciated, feeble, [Manu-smṛti vii, 166; Suśruta; Kāśikā-vṛtti on Pāṇini 6-4, 61 & viii, 2, 46 etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] delicate, slender, [Śakuntalā; Gīta-govinda iv, 21; Naiṣadha-carita vii, 81]

4) [v.s. ...] poor, miserable, [Pañcatantra iv, 16 and 32]

5) [v.s. ...] n. Name of a disease of the pudenda muliebria, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

6) b See √4. kṣi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣīṇa (क्षीण):—[(ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) a.] Thin; feeble; wasted; hurt; poor.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kṣiṇa (क्षिण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Khīṇa, Chīṇa, Jhīṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kshina in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kṣīṇa (क्षीण) [Also spelled kshin]:—(a) feeble, weak, slender; delicate; languid; impaired; emaciated; ~[kāya] lean and thin, attenuated, emaciated, languid; ~[] impairment; emaciation; leanness, thinness; langour; ~[rakta] anaemic; ~[vīrya] enfeebled, impaired, exhausted, dissipated.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kṣīṇa (ಕ್ಷೀಣ):—

1) [adjective] decreased; that has become less.

2) [adjective] wasted; deteriorated; spoiled.

3) [adjective] of lower quality; inferior; below the standard.

4) [adjective] weak a) lacking in strength of body or muscle; not physically strong; b) lacking vitality; feeble; infirm.

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Kṣīṇa (ಕ್ಷೀಣ):—[noun] the process of growing or making worse; a deteriorated condition; deterioration.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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