Ashtavakra Gita [sanskrit]

by John Richards | 1994 | 2,996 words

Ashtavakra Gita is a Sanskrit text belonging to the Advaita Vedanta school of orthodox Indian philosophy, instructing the reader in some of the core concepts. Traditionally believed to be authored by sage Ashtavakra, it is presented in the form of a dialogue between him and Janaka, king of Mithila. Alternative titles: अष्टावक्रगीता, Aṣṭāvakragītā, Astavakragita, अष्टावक्र-गीता, Aṣṭāvakra-gītā.

Verse 18.50

स्वातन्त्र्यात्सुखमाप्नोति स्वातन्त्र्याल्लभते परम् ।
स्वातन्त्र्यान्निर्वृतिं गच्छेत्स्वातन्त्र्यात्परमं पदम् ॥ ५० ॥

svātantryātsukhamāpnoti svātantryāllabhate param |
svātantryānnirvṛtiṃ gacchetsvātantryātparamaṃ padam || 50 ||

By inner freedom one attains happiness, by inner freedom one reaches the Supreme, by inner freedom one comes to absence of thought, by inner freedom to the Ultimate State.

English translation by John Richards (1994) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (18.50). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Svatantrya, Sukham, Sukha, Labhat, Param, Para, Nirvriti, Paramam, Parama, Pada,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ashtavakra Gita Verse 18.50). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “svātantryātsukhamāpnoti svātantryāllabhate param
  • svātantryāt -
  • svātantrya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • sukham -
  • sukham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sukha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sukha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sukhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • āpnoti -
  • āp (verb class 5)
    [present active third single]
  • svātantryāl -
  • svātantrya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • labhate -
  • labh -> labhat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √labh class 1 verb]
    labh -> labhat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √labh class 1 verb]
    labh (verb class 1)
    [present middle third single]
  • param -
  • param (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    para (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    para (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “svātantryānnirvṛtiṃ gacchetsvātantryātparamaṃ padam
  • svātantryān -
  • svātantrya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • nirvṛtim -
  • nirvṛti (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    nirvṛti (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • gacchet -
  • gam (verb class 1)
    [optative active third single]
  • svātantryāt -
  • svātantrya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • paramam -
  • paramam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    parama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    parama (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    paramā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • padam -
  • pada (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Ashtavakra Gita Verse 18.50

Cover of edition (2016)

Astavakra (Ashtavakra) Gita
by Swami Chinmayananda (2016)

Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation and Detailed Commentary

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Cover of edition (2013)

Ashtavakra Gita
by Kaka Hariom (2013)

Word-to-Word Meaning with Hindi Translation

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