Ashtavakra Gita [sanskrit]

by John Richards | 1994 | 2,996 words

Ashtavakra Gita is a Sanskrit text belonging to the Advaita Vedanta school of orthodox Indian philosophy, instructing the reader in some of the core concepts. Traditionally believed to be authored by sage Ashtavakra, it is presented in the form of a dialogue between him and Janaka, king of Mithila. Alternative titles: अष्टावक्रगीता, Aṣṭāvakragītā, Astavakragita, अष्टावक्र-गीता, Aṣṭāvakra-gītā.

Verse 10.1

अष्टावक्र उवाच ।
विहाय वैरिणं काममर्थं चानर्थसंकुलम् ।
धर्ममप्येतयोर्हेतुं सर्वत्रानादरं कुरु ॥ १ ॥

aṣṭāvakra uvāca |
vihāya vairiṇaṃ kāmamarthaṃ cānarthasaṃkulam |
dharmamapyetayorhetuṃ sarvatrānādaraṃ kuru || 1 ||

Ashtavakra: Abandoning desire, the enemy, along with gain, itself so full of loss, and the good deeds which are the cause of the other two - practice indifference to everything.

English translation by John Richards (1994) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (10.1). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ashtavakra, Vihaya, Viha, Vairina, Vairin, Kamam, Kama, Artha, Sankula, Dharma, Api, Apya, Eta, Etad, Esha, Hetu, Sarvatra, Anadara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ashtavakra Gita Verse 10.1). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “aṣṭāvakra uvāca
  • aṣṭāvakra* -
  • aṣṭāvakra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “vihāya vairiṇaṃ kāmamarthaṃ cānarthasaṃkulam
  • vihāya -
  • vihāya (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    viha (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    viha (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • vairiṇam -
  • vairiṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vairiṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vairiṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    vairin (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • kāmam -
  • kāmam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kāma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kāma (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kāmā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • artham -
  • artha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    artha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • cān -
  • ca (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • artha -
  • artha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    artha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    arth (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • saṅkulam -
  • saṅkula (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    saṅkula (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    saṅkulā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 3: “dharmamapyetayorhetuṃ sarvatrānādaraṃ kuru
  • dharmam -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dharman (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    dharman (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
    dharmā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • apye -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    apya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    apyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • etayor -
  • eta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    eta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    etā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    eṣā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    eṣa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
  • hetum -
  • hi -> hetum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √hi]
    hetu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • sarvatrā -
  • sarvatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • anādaram -
  • anādara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    anādara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    anādarā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • kuru -
  • kuru (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    kuru (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [imperative active second single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Ashtavakra Gita Verse 10.1

Cover of edition (2016)

Astavakra (Ashtavakra) Gita
by Swami Chinmayananda (2016)

Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation and Detailed Commentary

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Cover of edition (2013)

Ashtavakra Gita
by Kaka Hariom (2013)

Word-to-Word Meaning with Hindi Translation

Buy now!
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