Sankula, Saṃkula, Samkula, Saṅkula, Śaṅkulā, Shankula: 24 definitions

Introduction:

Sankula means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śaṅkulā can be transliterated into English as Sankula or Shankula, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Saṃkula (संकुल) refers to a “congregation”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “May they, whom I have recollected and are satisfied, accept the vessel of the bali. [...] O god, the bali has been offered to the Yoginīs in the congregation of (Bhairava’s) host [i.e., gaṇa-saṃkula] of the eight sacred seats beginning with Oṃkāra and in the secondary seats and to those born of the sacred fields and in the secondary fields and, O lord of the gods, in the gatherings (that take place) in the primary and secondary doors on the surface of the earth and underground in the Egg of Brahmā, and within all the other places”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Saṃkula (संकुल) means “full of”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.4.—Accordingly, after the Gods eulogized Umā (Durgā/Satī) with devotion:—“Saying so, Viṣṇu and the other gods, full of loving devotion [i.e., preman-saṃkula] remained waiting silently and humbly. Śivā too was delighted on hearing the eulogy of the gods and ascertaining the course of the same after remembering her lord Śiva, the compassionate Umā addressed smilingly the gods, chief of whom was Viṣṇu. The Goddess, favourably disposed to her devotees, said:—[...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sankula in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Saṅkula (सङ्कुल) refers to the “inconsistencies (in the Vedic texts)”, according to the South-Indian recension of the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] I have made known this yoga, with its preliminary and advanced stages, for the sake of attaining everything auspicious. It ought not to be given to [just] anyone. Some are deluded by the network of Tantras, some by the inconsistencies in the Vedic texts (nigama-saṅkula) and some by philosophy. They do not know what causes one to cross over [to liberation]. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Śaṅkulā (शङ्कुला) refers to “pegs”—The ordinary meaning of śaṅkulā is ‘betel-scissors,’ but this is so unsuitable here that perhaps it is a derivative of śaṃku, “a stick” or “peg”, used in a child’s game. In Gujarati -lo is a diminutive suffix.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sankula in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

saṅkula : (adj.) full of; crowded.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Saṅkula, (adj.) (saṃ+kula) crowded, full Sdhp. 603. (Page 663)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saṅkula (संकुल).—a S Tumultuously crowded; covered with a confused assemblage.

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sāṅkūḷa (सांकूळ).—n Straws, sticks, and similar rubbish as blocking up a passage.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saṅkula (संकुल).—a Tumultuously crowded, covered with a confused assemblage.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaṅkulā (शङ्कुला).—[śaṅk-ulac Uṇādi-sūtra 1.93]

1) A kind of knife or lancet.

2) A pair of scissors.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃkula (संकुल).—a.

1) Confused.

2) Thronged with, crowded or filled with, full of; नक्षत्रताराग्रहसंकुलापि ज्योतिष्मती चन्द्रमसैव रात्रिः (nakṣatratārāgrahasaṃkulāpi jyotiṣmatī candramasaiva rātriḥ) R.6.22; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.2.

3) Disordered, perplexed; अन्योन्यप्रतिघातसंकुलचलत्कल्लोलकोलाहलैः (anyonyapratighātasaṃkulacalatkallolakolāhalaiḥ) Uttararāmacarita 2.3.

4) Inconsistent.

5) Thick, dence (as smoke).

5) Violent, intense.

-lam 1 A crowd, mob, throng, collection, swarm, flock; महतः पौरजनस्य संकुलेन विघटितायां तस्यामागतोऽस्मि (mahataḥ paurajanasya saṃkulena vighaṭitāyāṃ tasyāmāgato'smi) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.7.

2) A confused fight, melee; तस्मिंस्तथा संकुले वर्तमाने (tasmiṃstathā saṃkule vartamāne) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.134.22.

3) An inconsistent or contradictory speech; e. g. यावज्जीवमहं मौनी ब्रह्मचारी च मे पिता । माता तु मम वन्ध्यैव पुत्रहीनः पितामहः (yāvajjīvamahaṃ maunī brahmacārī ca me pitā | mātā tu mama vandhyaiva putrahīnaḥ pitāmahaḥ) ||.

4) Distress, destruction (nāśa); प्राविशत् संकुलं तत्र शलभा इव पावकम् (prāviśat saṃkulaṃ tatra śalabhā iva pāvakam) Rām.7.19.16.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaṅkulā (शङ्कुला).—f.

(-lā) A pair of nippers, used to cut the betel-nut into small pieces.

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Saṅkula (सङ्कुल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. Crowded, confused, filled with so as to be impervious. n.

(-laṃ) 1. Inconsistent and contradictery speech. 2. War. 3. A crowd, a mob. 4. A flock, a flight. E. sam together, kul to accumulate, aff. ka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaṅkulā (शङ्कुला).—[śaṅku + lā], f. A pair of sciasors (cf. danta-śaṅku).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃkula (संकुल).— (cf. kula), adj., f. , 1. Crowded, [Pañcatantra] 43, 4. 2. Filled with, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 25, 14; full, 1, 9, 41. 3. Mixed, [Nala] 13, 13. 4. Perplexed, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 107. 5. n. Throng, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 19, 5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃkula (संकुल).—[adjective] full of, swarming with, accompanied by, rich in ([instrumental] or —°); thick, dense, intensive; confused, distressed. [neuter] throng, pressure, pain, distress.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Saṃkula (संकुल) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. Śp. p. 94.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaṅkulā (शङ्कुला):—[from śaṅku] f. a kind of lancet or knife, [Uṇādi-sūtra i, 37 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

2) [v.s. ...] a pair of nippers or scissors (used to cut the areca-nut into small pieces), [Horace H. Wilson] (cf. danta-śaṅku).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃkula (संकुल):—[=saṃ-kula] mf(ā)n. (cf. ā-kula) crowded together, filled or thronged or mixed or mingled or affected with, abounding in, possessed of ([instrumental case] or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] thick, dense (as smoke), [Rāmāyaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] violent, intense (-kaluṣa mfn. ‘intensely turbid’), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

4) [v.s. ...] disordered, disturbed, confused, perplexed, [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] impeded, hindered by ([instrumental case]), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Hitopadeśa]

6) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a poet, [Catalogue(s)]

7) [v.s. ...] n. a crowd, throng, mob, [Mālatīmādhava]

8) [v.s. ...] a confused fight, battle, war, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] trouble, distress, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] inconsistent or contradictory speech, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaṅkulā (शङ्कुला):—(lā) 1. f. A pair of nippers used for cutting betel-nut.

2) Saṅkula (सङ्कुल):—[(laḥ-lā-laṃ) a.] Blocked up, crowded, confused. n. Contradictory speech; war; a crowd.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃkula (संकुल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Saṃkula, Sāula.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sankula in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sankula in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Saṃkula (संकुल) [Also spelled sankul]:—(a) crowded; congested; confused, chaotic; ~[] crowdedness, congestion.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Saṃkula (संकुल) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Saṃkula.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saṃkula (ಸಂಕುಲ):—

1) [adjective] bewildered; puzzled; perplexed.

2) [adjective] crowded or crowded with.

3) [adjective] in a completely confused or disordered condition; chaotic.

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Saṃkula (ಸಂಕುಲ):—

1) [noun] a large number of persons or other animals gathered together at a place.

2) [noun] a class of animals, birds as a whole.

3) [noun] the condition characterised by uproar, great noise, as from internal fight, serious difference of opinions etc.

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Saṃkuḷa (ಸಂಕುಳ):—[adjective] = ಸಂಕುಲ [samkula]1.

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Saṃkuḷa (ಸಂಕುಳ):—[noun] = ಸಂಕುಲ [samkula]2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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